2017 Women's March

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2017 Women's March
Women's March on Washington
Part of the Women's rights movement and Protests against Donald Trump
Women's March on Washington (32593123745).jpg
Demonstrators at the Women's March on Washington in Washington, D.C.
Date January 21–22, 2017
Location Worldwide, with flagship march in Washington, D.C.
Causes
Goals "Protection of our rights, our safety, our health, and our families – recognizing that our vibrant and diverse communities are the strength of our country"[3]
  • In support of socialist government policies and culturally liberal social goals
Methods Protest march
Lead figures
Co-chairs
Number
Estimated 500,000 people (Washington, D.C., marches)[7]

Estimated 3,300,000 – 4,600,000 in the United States [8]

Estimated up to 4.8 million worldwide[9][10]
Official websites:
www.womensmarch.com
www.pussyhatproject.com

The Women's March was a generally left-wing and feminist[11][12][13][14][15] protest held in several countries on January 21, 2017, to advocate for the legalization of illegal imigrants and many other causes, including an improved status for women in traditionally male-dominated fields and for non-white people, subsidized healthcare, environmental restrictions and regulations, LGBTQ rights, rights for religious minorities,[16] and trade union activism. The rallies were aimed against Donald Trump, immediately following his inauguration as President of the United States, who feminists and progressive activists portrayed as being anti-woman and otherwise offensive.[11][17] It was the largest single-day protest in U.S. history.[18]

The first planned protest was in Washington, D.C., and is known as the Women's March on Washington.[19] Organizers said it sent "a bold message to our new administration on their first day in office, and to the world that women's rights are human rights".[20]

The Washington March drew at least 500,000 people, and worldwide participation was estimated at five million.[9][10][21] At least 408 marches were reported to have been planned in the U.S. and 168 in 81[9] other countries.[22] After the marches, officials who organized them reported that 673 marches took place worldwide, on all seven continents, including 29 in Canada, 20 in Mexico,[11] and one in Antarctica.[23] In Washington D.C. alone, the protests were the largest political demonstrations since the anti–Vietnam War protests in the 1960s and 1970s, with both protests drawing in similar numbers.[24][25] The Women's March crowds were generally peaceful.[26][27]

The organizers promised to keep protesting throughout Trump's administration.[28][29]

Background

Organizers

Planning for the protests started immediately after Trump's election, and combined the efforts of many liberal and socialist feminist organizations.[30][31][32] To ensure that the march was led by women of differing races and backgrounds, Vanessa Wruble, co-founder, and Head of Campaign Operations brought on Tamika D. Mallory, Carmen Perez and Linda Sarsour to serve as National Co-Chairs alongside New York fashion designer Bob Bland.[33] Former Miss New Jersey USA Janaye Ingram served as Head of Logistics.[34]

Organizers claimed that they were "not targeting Trump specifically" but that the event was about supporting long-standing progressive causes. Sarsour called it "a stand on social justice and human rights issues ranging from race, ethnicity, gender, religion, immigration and healthcare".[4][35] Still, opposition to and defiance of Trump motivated the protests,[36] which were called anti-Trump protests.[37]

National co-chairs

The four co-chairs were Palestinian American Muslim Linda Sarsour, the executive director of the Arab American Association of New York; Tamika Mallory, a left-wing organizer and former executive director of the National Action Network; Carmen Perez, an executive director of the left-wing political action group The Gathering for Justice; and Bob Bland, a fashion designer who focuses on "ethical manufacturing".[4][5] Vanessa Wruble, co-founder, and co-president of Okayafrica served as Head of Campaign Operations. Gloria Steinem, Harry Belafonte, LaDonna Harris, Angela Davis and Dolores Huerta served as honorary co-chairs.[6][38] Planned Parenthood partnered with the march by providing staff and offering knowledge related to planning a large-scale event.[39]

Policy platform

On January 12, the march organizers released a policy platform favoring abortion and birth control rights, undocumented immigrant legalization and legal immigration support, taxpayer-funded and subsidized healthcare, Muslim rights in America,[40] LGBTQ rights, union organizing and bargaining rights, and wide-ranging social reforms, while opposing long-established policies that favor men and Non-Hispanic whites.[1][2]

"Build bridges, not walls" (a reference to Trump's proposals for a border wall) became a popular slogan worldwide after the Trump's inaugural address,[41][42] and was a common refrain throughout the march.[43]

The organizers also supported environmental legislation, regulations, and taxes: "We believe that every person and every community in our nation has the right to clean water, clean air, and access to and enjoyment of public lands. We believe that our environment and our climate must be protected and that our land and natural resources cannot be exploited for corporate gain or greed—especially at the risk of public safety and health."[2]

Preparation and planning

Logistics planning

Because of scheduling conflicts at the Lincoln Memorial,[44] a permit was secured on December 9 to start the march on Independence Avenue at the southwest corner of the Capitol building and continue along the National Mall.[45]

By January 20, 2017, 222,000 people had RSVP'd as going to the Washington, D.C., march and 251,000 had indicated interest.[46][47] On January 16, 2017, Fox News reported that authorities were expecting "a crowd of almost 500,000 people",[48] and the permit for the march issued by the National Park Service was revised by the head of D.C.'s Homeland Security department to half a million people.[49]

Partnerships

Organizers announced that over 100 organizations would support the event.[50] By January 18, more than 400 organizations were listed as "partners".[51][52]

Planned Parenthood (which has received federal funding since 1970, when President Richard Nixon signed into law the Family Planning Services and Population Research Act) and the Natural Resources Defense Council were listed as the two "premier partners".[51] Other organizations listed as partners included the AFL–CIO, Amnesty International USA, the Mothers of the Movement, the National Center for Lesbian Rights, the National Organization for Women, MoveOn.org, Human Rights Watch, Code Pink, Black Girls Rock!, the NAACP, the American Indian Movement, Emily's List, Oxfam, Greenpeace USA, and the League of Women Voters.[50][51][53][54][55]

Partnership controversies

On January 13, event organizers granted the anti-abortion feminist group New Wave Feminists partnership status. But after the organization's involvement was publicized in The Atlantic, it was removed from the partners page on the march's website.[56] Other anti-abortion groups that had been granted partnership status, including Abby Johnson's And Then There Were None (ATTWN) and Stanton Healthcare, were subsequently unlisted as partners as well. New Wave Feminists still took part in the official march, alongside other anti-abortion groups such as ATTWN, Students for Life of America, and Life Matters Journal.[lower-alpha 1]

Participation

The march ended up drawing between 440,000[58] to 500,000 in Washington D.C.[7] The Washington Metro system reported its second-busiest day ever with over a million trips taken, second only to the first inauguration of Barack Obama,[59] though estimates of the Trump inauguration range from 250,000 to 600,000 people.[60][61]

An estimated 3,300,000 – 4,600,000 people participated in the United States[8] and up to 5 million did worldwide.[9][10][21]

Washington, D.C.

Speakers

The official list of speakers included Gloria Steinem, America Ferrera and Scarlett Johansson. Others speakers were Sophie Cruz, Angela Davis, and Michael Moore, as well as Cecile Richards, Ilyasah Shabazz, Janet Mock, LaDonna Harris, Janelle Monáe, Maryum Ali, Rabbi Sharon Brous, Sister Simone Campbell, Ashley Judd, Melissa Harris-Perry, Randi Weingarten, Van Jones, Kristin Rowe-Finkbeiner, Roslyn Brock, Muriel Bowser, Tammy Duckworth, Kamala Harris, Donna Hylton and Ai-jen Poo.[62][63][64][65]

Steinem commented "we will keep working for a democracy in which we are linked as human beings, not ranked by race or gender or class or any other label."[4]

Ferrera stated, "if we stand together steadfast and determined, then we stand a chance of saving the soul of our country."[66]

Johansson said "an opportunity has presented itself to make real long-term change".[66]

The youngest presenter at the Washington D.C. march, 6-year-old Sophie Cruz, spoke in favor of granting citizenship to illegal immigrants in the USA and other people who want to move to America: "Let us fight with love, faith, and courage so that our families will not be destroyed" and ended her speech saying, "Let's keep together and fight for the rights. God is with us." Cruz then repeated her speech in Spanish.[67]

Alicia Keys performed at the rally saying, "We are mothers. We are caregivers. We are artists. We are activists. We are entrepreneurs, doctors, leaders of industry and technology. Our potential is unlimited. We rise." Angela Davis said, "We recognize that we are collective agents of history and that history cannot be deleted like web pages." Maryum Ali also spoke, saying, "Don't get frustrated, get involved. Don't complain, organize."[66]

Other U.S. locations

Across the United States, there were a total of 408 planned marches.[9]

International

Marches occurred worldwide, with 168 in 81[9] other countries.[22] Organisers of the event reported 673 marches worldwide, including 20 in Mexico and 29 in Canada.[11] Women in India also organized a nation-wide march on January 21, 2017 called I Will Go Out to demand women's right to safe public spaces.[68]

Participation by public figures

Progressive politicians

U.S. Senator Cory Booker, former U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, and civil rights activist Jesse Jackson attended the Washington march.[69][70][71] Anne-Marie Slaughter, president of New America and former Director of Policy Planning at the U.S. State Department, attended the New York City march.[72] John Lewis attended the Atlanta rally, which saw more than 60,000 march to the Georgia State Capitol.[73]

Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont delivered a speech at the march in Montpelier in front of the Vermont State House, as did other Vermont political figures, such as former Governor Madeleine Kunin and current Lieutenant Governor David Zuckerman.[74]

Celebrities

Scarlett Johansson at Women's March on Washington

Politically progressive celebrities (many of whom had previously supported Democratic and left-wing causes) who participated in marches across the United States or around the world included:

Messaging and visual imagery

Pussyhat Project

Sewn and knit pussyhats being worn on a plane to Washington D.C.

The Pussyhat Project was a nationwide effort initiated by Krista Suh and Jayna Zweiman of Los Angeles to create pink hats to be worn at the march for visual impact. In response to this call, crafters all over the US began making these hats using patterns provided on the project website for use with either a knitting method, crocheting and even sewing with fabrics.[102][103] The project's goal was to have one million hats handed out at the Washington March.[103] The hats are made using pink yarns or fabrics and were originally designed to be a positive form of protest for Trump's inauguration by Krista Suh. Suh, from Los Angeles, wanted a hat for the cooler climate in Washington, D. C. and made herself a hat for the protest, realizing the potential: "we could all wear them, make a unified statement".[104] Suh and Zwieman worked with the owner of a local knitting supply shop called The Little Knittery to come up with the original design. The project launched in November 2016 and quickly became popular on social media with over 100,000 downloads of the pattern to make the hat.[105]

The name refers to the resemblance of the top corners of the hats to cat ears and attempts to reclaim the derogatory term "pussy" (a slang term for vagina), as a play on Trump's widely reported 2005 remarks that women would let him "grab them by the pussy".[106][107] Many of the hats worn by marchers in Washington, D.C., were created by crafters who were unable to attend and wished them to be worn by those who could.[108] The production of the hats caused reported shortages of pink knitting yarn across the United States.[109][110][111][112] On the day of the march, NPR compared the hats to the "Make America Great Again" hats worn by Trump supporters, in that both represented groups that had at one point been politically marginalized; both sent "simultaneously unifying and antagonistic" messages; and both were simple in their messages.[113] Pussyhats were featured months later on the fashion runway. [114]

Signage

In Richmond, Virginia, attendees of the March on Washington participated in an "Art of Activism" series of workshops at Studio Two Three, a printmaking studio for artists in Scott's Addition.[115]

In Los Angeles, the voice actor Amir Talai was carrying the sign "I’ll see you nice white ladies at the next #blacklivesmatter march right?" to express frustration at the lack of participation by white Americans in the Black Lives Matter movement, and simultaneously hopeful of encouraging them to do so. The photo of Talai with the sign went viral over the internet.[116]

Response

Academics

Marcia Chatelain of Georgetown University's Center for Social Justice asked "what kind of organizational structures or movements will also be present to help people know how to channel their energy for the next day and for the long haul?"[117] Historian Michael Kazin said: "If you're just protesting, and it just stops there, you're not going to get anything done."[117]

Media

On January 4, 2017, columnist Shikha Dalmia called the protest "a feel-good exercise in search of a cause“.[118]

The New York Post Editorial Board asked if the event might be "cursed", writing, "The three white feminists who thought up the idea felt obliged to change that title after they faced charges of 'cultural appropriation'".[119]

Us Magazine noted social media posts and a Change.org petition criticizing the march for having left Hillary Clinton's name off a list of 27 honorees who "paved the way" for equal rights.[120]

The organizers' decision to make Angela Davis a featured speaker was criticized from the right by Humberto Fontova[121] and National Review.[122] Libertarian journalist Cathy Young wrote that Davis's "long record of support for political violence in the United States and the worst of human rights abusers abroad" undermined the march.[123]

Politicians

Many members of the U.S. House of Representatives announced that they would not attend Trump's inauguration ceremony, with the numbers growing after he criticized House member and black civil rights leader John Lewis for saying that Trump was not a "legitimate" president. Some said they would attend the Women's March.[124]

Maine Representative Chellie Pingree said she would visit a Planned Parenthood center and a business owned by immigrants instead of the Inauguration.[125]

On January 22, 2017, Trump wrote on his Twitter personal account: "Watched protests yesterday but was under the impression that we just had an election! Why didn't these people vote? Celebs hurt cause badly." Two hours later, he sent a more placatory tweet: "Peaceful protests are a hallmark of our democracy. Even if I don't always agree, I recognize the rights of people to express their views."[126][127] A White House official criticized the March for not welcoming abortion rights opponents, and then criticized Madonna's comment that she "thought an awful lot about blowing up the White House".[128]

Senator Bernie Sanders, who attended the March in Montpelier, Vermont,[129] suggested Trump should "Listen to the needs of women. Listen to the needs of the immigrant community. Listen to the needs of workers. Listen to what's going on with regards to climate change ... Modify your positions. Let's work together to try to save this planet and protect the middle class."[130] Hillary Clinton, the 2016 Democratic presidential candidate, offered her support on Twitter, called the march "awe-inspiring" and stated, "[I] hope it brought joy to others as it did to me".[131]

Bill Kintner resigned from his position as Nebraska State Senator after retweeting a tweet by conservative radio host Larry Elder. In it, three women are pictured holding signs referencing Donald Trump's 'grab them by the pussy' comments; Elder's comment was 'Ladies, I think you’re safe.[132]

Celebrities

Many celebrities, including Beyoncé, Lena Dunham, Katy Perry, and America Ferrera, made statements of support for the march.[133]

Bruce Springsteen, who endorsed Hillary Clinton and was a friend to Barack Obama, gave a speech in Australia "against hate and division and in support of tolerance, inclusion, reproductive rights, civil rights, racial justice, LGBT rights, the environment, wage equality, gender equality, healthcare, and immigrant rights. We stand with you. We are the new American resistance."[134][135]

Cyndi Lauper commented on Madonna's controversial speech at the Washington march, saying, “Anger is not better than clarity and humanity. That is what opens people's minds. When you want to change people's mind, you have to share your real story.”[136]

2017 follow-up

Following the march, the organizers of the Women's March on Washington posted the "10 Actions for the first 100 Days" campaign to keep up the momentum from the march,[28] including contacting senators with "Hear Our Voice" postcards.[137] A new action will be provided every 10 days.[138]

Filmmaker Michael Moore called for 100 days of resistance, for Trump's first 100 days of his presidency.[139][140]

2018 Women's March

On January 20, 2018, a new Women's March was held at several hundred locations in the USA, attracting hundreds of thousands of marchers, mostly in the large cities. Sympathy marches were also held in other Western countries.[141]

Once again, the focus of the March was to protest both President Trump and President Trump's policies.

Specifically, marchers sought to reverse his efforts to reduce Third World mass immigration and Islamic immigration. Marchers also demanded that the government increase its control over the delivery and funding of healthcare, whereas Trump had made little effort to do so; marchers generally favored some form of single payer healthcare, with premiums paid for by the government. Marchers also demanded that white people atone and compensate non-whites for white people's racism against them.

The opposition to Trump was also expressed in more women-specific issues: The "Power to the Polls" movement sought to encourage progressive and liberal women to run for political office. The #MeToo movement sought to penalize men who had made unwanted sexual advances to women, and to discourage such advances in the future.

The march took place one day after a shutdown of the federal government, when Democratic Senators disagreed with Republican reluctance to grant residency permits and possibly US citizenship to several million illegal immigrants, and were unable or unwilling to reach a federal budget compromise.

2018 Response

President Trump encouraged the women to march, stating on Twitter "Beautiful weather all over our great country, a perfect day for all Women to March. Get out there now to celebrate the historic milestones and unprecedented economic success and wealth creation that has taken place over the last 12 months. Lowest female unemployment in 18 years!", and also told a rival group of marchers "we are with you all the way."[142]

See also

External video
"Women's March on Washington", January 21, 2017, C-SPAN[143]

Notes

  1. "No one contacted them to give them the news, she said, but they found out after a flurry of stories announced pro-life groups like hers were taken off the roster as partners by officials. The groups And Then There Were None and Students for Life of America also were denied or taken off the Women's March roster. 'We don't want to be opposing the (Women's March),' Herndon-De La Rosa said. 'We're not trying to make them look bad.'"[57]

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Further reading