2020 United States presidential election

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2020 United States presidential election
United States
← 2016 November 3, 2020 2024 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win

Template:2020 United States presidential election imagemap
The electoral map for the 2020 election, based on populations from the 2010 Census; the 2020 census may change the amount of electoral votes for each state

Incumbent President

Donald Trump
Republican



The 2020 United States presidential election, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will either elect a new president and vice president through the electoral college or reelect the incumbents. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party's presidential nominee.

President Donald Trump of the Republican Party, who was elected in 2016, is seeking reelection to a second term. The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.

Background

Procedure

Article Two of the United States Constitution states that for a person to serve as President of the United States the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old and a United States resident for at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency typically seek the nomination of one of the various political parties of the United States, in which case each party develops a method (such as a primary election) to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. The primary elections are usually indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate. The party's delegates then officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The nominee then personally chooses a vice presidential running mate to form that party's presidential ticket (with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which nominates its vice presidential candidate by delegate vote regardless of the nominee's preference). The general election in November is also an indirect election, in which voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College; these electors then directly elect the President and Vice President.[1]

In August 2018, the Democratic National Committee voted to disallow superdelegates from voting on the first ballot of the nominating process, beginning with the 2020 election. This would require a candidate to win a majority of pledged delegates from the assorted primary elections in order to win the party's nomination. The last time this did not occur was the nomination of Adlai Stevenson II at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.[2]

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution states that an individual can not be elected to the presidency more than twice. This prohibits former Presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama from being elected president again. Former president Jimmy Carter, having served a single term as president, is not constitutionally prohibited from being elected to another term in the 2020 election.

Demographic trends

The age group of what will then be people in the 18- to 45-year-old bracket is expected to represent just under 40 percent of the United States' eligible voters in 2020. It is expected that more than 30 percent of eligible American voters will be nonwhite.[3]

A bipartisan report indicates that changes in voter demographics since the 2016 election could impact the results of the 2020 election. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians and other ethnic minorities, as well as "whites with a college degree" are expected to all increase their percentage of national eligible voters by 2020, while "whites without a college degree" will decrease. This shift is potentially an advantage for the Democratic nominee; however, due to geographical differences, this could still lead to President Trump (or a different Republican nominee) winning the Electoral College while still losing the popular vote, possibly by an even larger margin than in 2016.[4]

Additionally, Washington, D.C. may lower its voting age from 18 to 16. Legislation was introduced by City Councilman Charles Allen in April 2018, with a public hearing in June, and a vote by the end of the year. Unlike other cities with a voting age of 16 such as Berkeley, California, this would allow 16- and 17-year-olds to vote for President of the United States for the first time in 2020. Allen said that he was inspired by the high school students that participated in the March for Our Lives, which occurred at the capital in March.[5]

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election will occur at the same time as elections to the Senate and the House of Representatives. Several states will also hold state gubernatorial and state legislative elections. Following the election, the United States House will redistribute the seats among the 50 states based on the results of the 2020 United States Census, and the states will conduct a redistricting of Congressional and state legislative districts. In most states, the governor and the state legislature conduct the redistricting (although some states have redistricting commissions), and often a party that wins a presidential election experiences a coattail effect that also helps other candidates of that party win elections.[6] Therefore, the party that wins the 2020 presidential election could also win a significant advantage in the drawing of new Congressional and state legislative districts that would stay in effect until the 2032 elections.[7]

General election polling

Nominations

Republican Party

Donald Trump is eligible to run for reelection and has signaled his intention to do so.[8] His reelection campaign has been ongoing since his victory in 2016, leading pundits to describe his tactic of holding rallies continuously throughout his presidency as a "never-ending campaign".[9] On January 20, 2017, at 5:11 p.m., he submitted a letter as a substitute of FEC Form 2, by which he reached the legal threshold for filing, in compliance with the Federal Election Campaign Act.[10]

Beginning in August 2017, reports arose that members of the Republican Party were preparing a "shadow campaign" against Trump, particularly from the moderate or establishment wings of the party. Then-Arizona Senator John McCain said that "[Republicans] see weakness in this president."[11] Maine Senator Susan Collins, Kentucky Senator Rand Paul, and former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie all expressed doubts in 2017 that Trump would be the 2020 nominee, with Collins stating "it's too difficult to say."[12][13] Senator Jeff Flake claimed in 2017 that Trump was "inviting" a primary challenger by the way he was governing.[14] Longtime political strategist Roger Stone, however, predicted in May 2018 that Trump might not seek a second term were he to succeed in keeping all of his campaign promises and "mak[ing] America great again".[15]

On January 25, 2019, the Republican National Committee unofficially endorsed Trump, and began coordinating with the campaign organization.

Declared major candidates and exploratory committees

Template:Transcluded section 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Template:Transcluded section 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries

Convention site

On July 20, 2018, the Republican National Convention chose Charlotte, North Carolina as the site for their 2020 national convention.[16] The convention will be held from August 24 until August 27, 2020.[17]

Endorsements

Democratic Party

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, the Democratic Party was seen largely as leaderless[20] and fractured between the centrist Clinton wing and the more progressive Sanders wing of the party, echoing the rift brought up in the 2016 primary election.[21][22]

This divide between the establishment and progressive wings of the party has been reflected in several elections leading up to the 2020 primaries, most notably in 2017 with the election for DNC Chair between Tom Perez and Sanders-backed progressive Keith Ellison:[23] Perez was elected Chairman, but Ellison was appointed the Deputy Chair, a largely ceremonial role. In 2018, several U.S. House districts that Democrats hoped to gain from the Republican majority had contentious primary elections. These clashes were described by Politico's Elena Schneider as a "Democratic civil war".[24] Meanwhile, there has been a general shift to the left in regards to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration among Democrats in the Senate, likely to build up credentials for the upcoming primary election.[25][26]

Perez has commented that the 2020 primary field will likely go into double-digits, rivaling the size of the 2016 GOP primary, which consisted of 17 major candidates.[27] In the wake of the Me Too movement, several female candidates are expected to enter the race, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats nominating a woman for the second time in a row.[28] Speculation also mounted that Democrats' best bet to defeat President Trump would be to nominate their own celebrity or businessperson with no government experience, most notably Oprah Winfrey after her memorable speech at the 75th Golden Globe Awards.[29]

The topic of age has been brought up among the most likely front-runners: former Vice President Joe Biden, Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren, and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders, who will be 78, 71, and 79 respectively on inauguration day. Former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (who will be 81 on inauguration day) described the trio as "an old folks' home", expressing a need for fresh faces to step up and lead the party.[30]

Declared major candidates and exploratory committees

Template:Transcluded section Major candidates for the Democratic nomination have included a former vice president (Biden), one former cabinet secretary (Castro), two governors (Bullock and Inslee), one former governor (Hickenlooper), seven U.S. senators (Bennet, Booker, Gillibrand, Harris, Klobuchar, Sanders, Warren), one former U.S. senator (Gravel), four representatives (Gabbard, Moulton, Swalwell, Ryan), three former representatives (Delaney, O'Rourke, Sestak), one former state senator (Ojeda), three mayors (Buttigieg, de Blasio, Messam), and three candidates who have never held elected office (Steyer, Williamson, Yang).

Name Born Experience State Campaign
Announcement date
Ref.
Bennetx160px
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 54)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present) COFlag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
2019-05-02190x190px
Campaign
Campaign: May 2, 2019
FEC filing[31]
[32]
Bidenx160px
Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 76)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Vice President of the United States (2009–2017)
U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009)
Democratic candidate for President in 1988 and 2008
DEFlag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
2019-04-25180x180px
Campaign
Campaign: April 25, 2019
FEC filing[33]
[34]
Bookerx160px
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 50)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
NJFlag of New Jersey.svg
New Jersey
2019-02-01 200px
Campaign
Campaign: February 1, 2019
FEC filing[35]
[36]
Bullockx160px
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 53)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–present)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
MTFlag of Montana.svg
Montana
2019-05-14 200px
Campaign
Campaign: May 14, 2019
FEC filing[37]
[38][39]
Buttigieg162x162px
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 37)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–present)
Democratic nominee for Indiana Treasurer in 2010
INFlag of Indiana.svg
Indiana
2019-04-14190x190px
Campaign
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
Campaign: April 14, 2019

FEC filing[40]
[41]
Castrox160px
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
TXFlag of Texas.svg
Texas
2019-01-12 170x170px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 12, 2018
Campaign: January 12, 2019

FEC filing[42]
[43]
De Blasiox160px
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 58)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–present) NYFlag of New York.svg
New York
2019-05-16 170x170px
Campaign
Campaign: May 16, 2019
FEC filing[44]
[45]
Delaneyx160px
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 56)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019) MDFlag of Maryland.svg
Maryland
2017-07-28 190x190px
Campaign
Campaign: July 28, 2017
FEC filing[46]
[47]
Gabbardx160px
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–present) HIFlag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii
2019-01-11 155x155px
Campaign
Campaign: January 11, 2019
FEC filing[48]
[49]
Gillibrandx160px
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 52)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
NYFlag of New York.svg
New York
2019-03-17 187x187px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
January 15, 2019
Campaign: March 17, 2019

FEC filing[50]
[51]
Harrisx160px
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 55)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–present)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
CAFlag of California.svg
California
2019-01-21 162x162px
Campaign
Campaign: January 21, 2019
FEC filing[52]
[53]
Hickenlooperx160px
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 67)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
COFlag of Colorado.svg
Colorado
2019-03-04 175x175px
Campaign
Campaign: March 4, 2019
FEC filing[54]
[55]
Insleex160px
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 68)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
WAFlag of Washington.svg
Washington
2019-03-01162x162px
Campaign
Campaign: March 1, 2019
FEC filing[56]
[57]
Klobucharx160px
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 59)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present) MNFlag of Minnesota.svg
Minnesota
2019-02-10172x172px
Campaign
Campaign: February 10, 2019
FEC filing[58]
[59]
Messamx160px
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 45)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present) FLFlag of Florida.svg
Florida
2019-03-28181x181px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 13, 2019
Campaign: March 28, 2019

FEC filing[60]
[61]
Moultonx160px
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 41)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present) MAFlag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
2019-04-22 130x130px
Campaign
Campaign: April 22, 2019
FEC filing[62]
[63]
O'Rourkex160px
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 47)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senate from Texas in 2018
TXFlag of Texas.svg
Texas
2019-03-14 144x144px
Campaign
Campaign: March 14, 2019
FEC filing[64]
[65]
Ryanx160px
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 46)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
OHFlag of Ohio.svg
Ohio
2019-04-04 180x180px
Campaign
Campaign: April 4, 2019
FEC filing[66]
[67]
SandersBernie Sanders.jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)
U.S. representative from VT-AL (1991–2007)
Mayor of Burlington, Vermont (1981–1989)
Democratic candidate for President in 2016
VTFlag of Vermont.svg
Vermont
2019-02-19 180x180px
Campaign
Campaign: February 19, 2019
FEC filing[68]
[69]
Sestakx160px
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 67)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania in 2016 and 2010
PAFlag of Pennsylvania.svg
Pennsylvania
2019-06-23 Campaign
Campaign: June 22, 2019
FEC filing[70]
[71]
Steyerx160px
Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 62)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital
CAFlag of California.svg
California
2019-07-09 180x180px
Campaign

Campaign: July 9, 2019

[72]
Warrenx160px
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 70)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present) MAFlag of Massachusetts.svg
Massachusetts
2019-02-09 166x166px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
December 31, 2018
Campaign: February 9, 2019

FEC filing[73]
[74]
WilliamsonMarianne Williamson - 33252886458 (cropped).jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 67)
Houston, Texas
Author
Independent candidate for U.S. representative from CA-33 in 2014
IAFlag of Iowa.svg
Iowa
2019-01-28 200x200px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
Campaign: January 28, 2019

FEC filing[75]
[76]
Yangx160px
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 44)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
NYFlag of New York.svg
New York
2017-11-06 187x187px
Campaign
Campaign: November 6, 2017
FEC filing[77]
[78]

Withdrawn candidates

Template:Transcluded section

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months, as of July 2019.



Declined to be candidates

These individuals have been the subject of speculation, but have publicly denied or recanted interest in running for president.

Political positions of candidates

Debates

Primary election polling


Timeline

Overview

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign Ref
x160px
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 48)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)
Democratic nominee for U.S. representative from WV-03 in 2018
Democratic candidate for U.S. representative from WV-03 in 2014
WVFlag of West Virginia.svg
West Virginia
2019-01-25Campaign
Campaign: November 11, 2018
FEC filing[79]
Suspended: January 25, 2019
[80][81]
x160px
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 38)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present) CAFlag of California.svg
California
2019-04-08180x180px
Campaign
Campaign: April 8, 2019
FEC filing [82]
Suspended: July 8, 2019
[83][84]
Gravelx160px
Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(age 89)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Democratic and Libertarian candidate for President in 2008
Democratic candidate for Vice President in 1972
CAFlag of California.svg
California
2019-04-08178x178px
Campaign
Exploratory committee:
March 19, 2019
Campaign: April 8, 2019

FEC filing[85]
[86]

[87]

Active
campaign
Exploratory
committee
Withdrawn
candidate
Midterm
elections
Debate
Iowa
caucuses
Super
Tuesday
Democratic
convention

2017

File:John Delaney (46743402692).jpg
John Delaney was the first major candidate to announce his campaign, two and a half years before the 2020 Iowa caucus.

In the weeks following the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 election, media speculation regarding potential candidates for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries began to circulate. As the Senate began confirmation hearings for members of the cabinet, speculation centered on the prospects of the "hell-no caucus”, six senators who went on to vote against the majority of Trump's nominees. According to Politico, the members of the "hell-no caucus" were Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Kirsten Gillibrand, Bernie Sanders, Jeff Merkley and Elizabeth Warren.[172][173] Other speculation centred on then-Vice-President Joe Biden making a third presidential bid following failed attempts in 1988 and 2008. Biden had previously served as U.S. senator from Delaware (1973–2009).[174]

On July 28, 2017, U.S. representative John Delaney became the first major Democrat to announce their candidacy in an op-ed in The Washington Post.[47] On November 6, 2017, tech entrepreneur Andrew Yang became the second major Democrat to announce his candidacy.[175]

2018

In August 2018, Democratic Party officials and television networks begin discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[176] In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the preliminary schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Following these announcements, there was a general consensus[who?] that debates would have a greater, influential role in the primaries.

August

  • August 25: Democratic Party officials and television networks begin discussions as to the nature and scheduling of the following year's debates and the nomination process.[176] Changes were made to the role of superdelegates, deciding to only allow them to vote on the first ballot if the nomination is uncontested.[177]

November

December

2019

File:Tulsi Gabbard - 32182517547.jpg
Tulsi Gabbard announced her candidacy on January 11, 2019.
File:Kamala Harris announcing her candidacy for presidency.png
Sen. Kamala Harris launched her bid on January 21, 2019.
File:Announcement Day - Lawrence, MA - 47108769091 (1).jpg
Sen. Elizabeth Warren launched her bid on February 9, 2019
File:Bernie IMG 5648 (33438946918).jpg
Sen. Bernie Sanders launched his second campaign on February 19, 2019.
File:Beto O'Rourke in Cleveland (40456935723).jpg
Rep. Beto O'Rourke launched his bid on March 14, 2019.
File:Joe Biden kickoff rally May 2019.jpg
Former Vice President Joe Biden launched his campaign on April 25, 2019.

January

February

March

April

May

June

  • June 5: Iowa Democrats' Hall of Fame Dinner: a "Cattle Call" event featuring 19 candidates.[207]
  • June 13: The Democratic National Committee announces that 20 candidates will participate in the first official debate on June 26–27.[208]
  • June 22: Former representative Joe Sestak of Pennsylvania announces his candidacy with a midnight campaign website launch.[71][209]
  • June 26: The first part of the first official debate is held in Miami, Florida.[210]
  • June 27: The second part of the first official debate is held in Miami, Florida.[210]

July

  • July 8: Swalwell drops out of the race.[84]
  • July 9: Billionaire hedge fund manager Tom Steyer announces his candidacy with a YouTube video.[72]
  • July 30: The first part of the second official debate is held in Detroit, Michigan.[211]
  • July 31: The second part of the second official debate is held in Detroit, Michigan.[212]

September

Primary and caucus calendar

File:2020 Democratic presidential primary and caucus calendar.svg
Democratic primary and caucus calendar by currently scheduled date
      February
      March 3 (Super Tuesday)
      March 10
      March 17
      March 24
      April 4–7
      April 28
      May
      June
      No scheduled 2020 date

The following primary and caucus dates have been scheduled by state statutes or state party decisions, but are subject to change pending legislation, state party delegate selection plans, or the decisions of state secretaries of state:[215]

As of June 2019, primaries and caucuses for the following states/territories are not yet scheduled:[215]

The 57 states, districts, territories, or other constituencies with elections of pledged delegates to decide the Democratic presidential nominee, currently plan to hold the first major determining step for these elections via 49 primaries[lower-alpha 2] and 6 caucuses (Iowa, Nevada and four territories),[215] while two states (Wyoming and Maine) have not yet decided their election format - as their state parties currently consider approving last minute changes to their earlier drafted state delegate selection plans.[237] The number of states holding caucuses decreased from 14 in the 2016 nomination process to so far only two in 2020.[237]

National convention

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled to take place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 13–16, 2020.[239][240][241]

In addition to Milwaukee, the DNC also considered bids from three other cities: Houston, Texas;[242] Miami Beach, Florida;[243] and Denver, Colorado. Denver, though, was immediately withdrawn from consideration by representatives for the city, who cited scheduling conflicts.[244]

Endorsements

Campaign finance

This is an overview of the money being raised and spent by each campaign for the entire period running from January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019, as it was reported to the Federal Election Commission (FEC). Total raised are the sum of all individual contributions (large and small), loans from the candidate, and transfers from other campaign committees. The last column, Cash On Hand (COH), has been calculated by subtracting the "spent" amount from the "raised" amount, thereby showing the remaining cash each campaign had available for its future spending as of June 30, 2019.

  Withdrawn candidate
Candidate Campaign committee (January 1, 2017 to June 30, 2019)
Total raised Ind. contrib. <$200
donations
(as % of
ind.contrib)
Debt Spent COH
Bennet[245] $3,506,968 $2,801,086 23.86% $0 $1,313,723 $2,193,245
Biden[246] $22,043,829 $21,966,174 37.86% $0 $11,146,762 $10,897,067
Booker[247] $12,470,615 $9,510,888 21.14% $292,760 $7,110,109 $5,360,506
Bullock[248] $2,071,211 $2,069,244 22.44% $0 $580,989 $1,490,222
Buttigieg[249] $32,337,554 $32,318,673 48.78% $0 $9,668,682 $22,668,872
Castro[250] $4,126,778 $4,105,011 60.27% $0 $2,990,724 $1,136,053
de Blasio [251] $1,087,564 $1,087,564 9.11% $71,196 $359,044 $728,520
Delaney[252] $26,329,775 $1,965,261 9.56% $16,193,250 $18,909,206 $7,442,612
Gabbard[253] $6,062,974 $3,513,728 61.10% $68,698 $3,624,419 $2,438,555
Gillibrand[254] $14,899,167 $5,275,623 25.98% $0 $6,658,510 $8,240,656
Gravel[255] $209,261 $209,261 96.71% $0 $94,612 $114,649
Harris[256] $25,090,548 $23,819,355 40.93% $331,441 $11,818,587 $13,272,360
Hickenlooper[257] $3,172,776 $3,163,584 14.68% $0 $2,336,499 $836,276
Inslee[258] $5,308,245 $5,302,008 45.06% $171,991 $4,122,615 $1,185,630
Klobuchar[259] $12,710,254 $9,103,517 35.20% $0 $6,000,134 $6,710,120
Messam[260] $93,813 $93,813 29.76% $81,876 $62,666 $31,146
Moulton[261] $1,940,003 $1,248,344 23.87% $98,019 $1,215,626 $724,378
O'Rourke[262] $13,638,614 $13,014,591 55.02% $48,074 $8,679,539 $5,243,891
Ryan[263] $889,398 $864,758 29.67% $0 $554,340 $335,058
Sanders[264] $46,348,282 $36,209,379 76.87% $0 $19,079,232 $27,269,050
Sestak[265] not yet processed
Steyer did not file
Warren[266] $35,654,984 $25,177,888 67.45% $0 $15,873,821 $19,781,162
Williamson[267] $3,068,836 $3,065,750 65.42% $302,366 $2,522,799 $547,892
Yang[268] $5,374,484 $5,210,783 67.60% $0 $4,426,824 $847,659
Ojeda[269] $119,478 $77,476 62.91% $44,373 $117,476 $2,002
Swalwell[270] $2,586,128 $877,745 38.05% $10,398 $2,057,387 $528,741

See also

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 This individual is not a member of the Democratic Party, but has been the subject of speculation or expressed interest in running under this party.
  2. 5 out of 49 primaries are not state-run but party-run. "North Dakota Firehouse caucuses" is the official name of their event, but it's held as a party-run primary and not a caucus in 2020. Democrats Abroad likewise conduct their election as a party-run primary, with their pledged delegates allocated at later conventions solely on basis of the proportional result of their party-run primary. The last three states with party-run primaries are Alaska, Kansas and Hawaii.[238][237]

References

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Template:2020 Democratic primaries Template:2020 United States presidential election

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Template:Transcluded section Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months, as of July 2019.

Potential convention sites

Bids for the National Convention were solicited in the fall of 2017, with finalists being announced in June 2018. The winning bid was supposed to be revealed in the summer of 2018. The convention is scheduled to be held from July 13 to 16, 2020.[4]

Endorsements

Template:Transcluded section

Libertarian Party

Declared candidates

These candidates have established campaign websites.

  Formed exploratory committee but has not officially declared candidacy
Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref
150x150px
Adam Kokesh
February 1, 1982
(age 37)
San Francisco, California
Libertarian and anti-war political activist
Candidate for U.S. Senate in 2018
Candidate for U.S. Representative from New Mexico in 2010
Flag map of Arizona.svg
Arizona
July 18, 2013
120px
(Website)
FEC Filing
[7]
x150px
John McAfee
September 18, 1945
(age 74)
Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire,
England
Founder and CEO of McAfee, Inc. 1987–1994
Candidate for President in 2016
105px
Tennessee
June 3, 2018
120px
(CampaignWebsite)
[8]
150x150px
Vermin Supreme
June 1961
(age 57)
Rockport, Massachusetts
Performance artist and activist
Candidate for President in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016
Candidate for Mayor of Detroit, Michigan in 1989
Candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland in 1987
Flag-map of Kansas.svg
Kansas
May 28, 2018
120px
(Website)
[9]
150x150px
Arvin Vohra
May 9, 1979
(age 40)
Silver Spring, Maryland
Vice Chair of the LNC 2014–2018
Libertarian nominee for U.S. Senate from Maryland in 2018
Libertarian nominee for U.S. Representative in 2012 and 2014
Candidate for U.S. Senate in 2016
Flag-map of Maryland.svg
Maryland
July 3, 2018
150px
(Website)
[10]

The following candidate has established an exploratory committee, but does not have a campaign website:

Withdrawn candidates

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign Ref
x160px
Zoltan Istvan
March 30, 1973
(aged 45)
Los Angeles, California
Transhumanist activist and futurist
Transhumanist nominee for President in 2016
Candidate for Governor of California in 2018
Flag-map of California.svg
California
Announced campaign:
November 25, 2017

Suspended campaign:
January 11, 2019 (publicly revealed)

[12][13]

Publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months. Template:Transcluded section

Convention site

On December 10, 2017, the Libertarian National Committee chose Austin, Texas as the site of their 2020 national convention. The convention will be held between May 22–25, 2020.[15][16]

Green Party

  Formed exploratory committee but has not officially declared their candidacy

Declared major candidates and exploratory committees

Name Born Experience State Announced Ref
150x150px
Dario Hunter
1983
(age Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".)
New Jersey
Youngstown Board of Education (2016–present) 95px
Ohio
150px
(Website)

Exploratory committee:
January 21, 2019

Announced campaign: February 18, 2019
FEC Filing

[17]

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

American Solidarity Party

Declared candidates

Name Born Experience State Announced Ref

Joe Schriner
1955
(age Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "{".)
Ohio
Political activist and journalist
Candidate for President in 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012 and 2016 as Independent
95px
Ohio
October 13, 2017
(Website)
[21][22]

Independent or unaffiliated

Declared candidates

Name Born Current or previous positions State Announced Ref

Ronnie Kroell
February 1, 1983
(age 36)
Chicago, Illinois
Activist, model, actor and singer Flag map of Illinois.svg
Illinois
175px
February 12, 2019
(Website)
[23]

Notable people who have announced that they are running for President in 2020 as independent candidates but have not established campaign websites are:

Individuals who have publicly expressed interest

Individuals in this section have expressed an interest in running for president within the last six months.

Party conventions

The 2020 Democratic National Convention is scheduled from July 13–16 at a city to be announced,[4] while the 2020 Republican National Convention is planned to be held in Charlotte, North Carolina on August 24–27.[31] This will be the first time since 2004 that the two major party conventions will be held at least one month apart with the 2020 Summer Olympic Games in between[32] (in 2008 and 2012, the Democratic and Republican conventions were held in back-to-back weeks following the Summer Olympics, while in 2016 both were held before the Rio Games).

See also

Notes

  1. Amash is not a member of the Libertarian Party, but has been the subject of speculation as a potential Libertarian Party candidate.

References

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