338th Bombardment Group

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338th Bombardment Group
338th Fighter Group Emblem
Active 1942–1944, 1947–1949
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Bombardment
Part of Continental Air Command
Garrison/HQ O'Hare International Airport
Motto Ad Metam - To The Goal
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg
  • World War II
American Campaign (1942–1944)
File:Dale Mabry Field pr13624.jpg
P-39 Airacobras of the 338th Fighter Group, Dale Mabry Field, 1942

The 338th Bombardment Group (BG) is a disbanded United States Air Force unit. It was last active with Continental Air Command at O'Hare International Airport, Illinois on 27 June 1949.


The group was activated by III Fighter Command as a fighter Operational Training Unit (OTU) during World War II[1] with the 305th,[2] 306th,[3] and 312th Fighter Squadrons[4] assigned as its operational elements. The group's mission was to train newly trained pilots and provide combat training prior to their overseas deployment.[1] Initially equipped with the P-39 Airacobra, later using P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs when they became available.[1]

In June 1943, the 312th Fighter Squadron moved to Perry Army Airfield, Florida.[4] The group was disbanded in 1944,[1] and its personnel, equipment and mission transferred to 335th Army Air Force Base Unit (Replacement Training Unit, Fighter).

Reconstituted as an element of Continental Air Command and redesignated as the 338th Bombardment Group, Very Heavy at Orchard Place Airport, Illinois as an Air Force Reserve B-29 Superfortress Group. However, ConAC did not have the funding nor personnel to stand up the organization and it remained an administrative organization until inactivated in June 1949.


  • Constituted as the 338th Fighter Group on 16 July 1942
  • Activated on 22 July 1942
  • Disbanded on 4 May 1944.
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 338th Bombardment Group, Very Heavy, on 5 May 1947
  • Activated on 12 June 1947.
  • Inactivated on 27 June 1949
  • Disbanded 9 September 1992



World War II

Air Force Reserve



  • P-39 Airacobra, 1942–1944
  • P-47 Thunderbolt, 1942–1944
  • P-51 Mustang, 1942–1944

Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 217–218. ISBN 978-0-912799-02-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 369. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 370
  4. 4.0 4.1 Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 379

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links