37th parallel north
The 37th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 37 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.
At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 42 minutes during the summer solstice and 9 hours, 37 minutes during the winter solstice. This is roughly the northern limit of the visibility of Canopus, the second-brightest star of the night sky.
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 37° north passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Mediterranean Sea Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Algeria Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Mediterranean Sea Algeria Mediterranean Sea Tunisia Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Tunis Tunisia Cap Bon Mediterranean Sea Strait of Sicily, passing just north of the island of Pantelleria, Italy Italy Island of Sicily
— Province of Ragusa
— Province of Siracusa
Ionian Sea Greece Peloponnese (Messenia) Ionian Sea Messenian Gulf Greece Peloponnese
Aegean Sea Myrtoan Sea Greece Island of Sifnos Aegean Sea Greece Islands of Antiparos and Paros Aegean Sea Greece Island of Naxos Aegean Sea Greece Island of Levitha Aegean Sea Greece Island of Kalymnos Aegean Sea Turkey Aegean Sea Turkey Passing through Adana and Nizip Syria Iraq Turkey Şemdinli district (For about 7 km) Iraq Iran Caspian Sea Iran Turkmenistan Afghanistan Tajikistan Afghanistan Tajikistan Afghanistan Pakistan Gilgit-Baltistan - claimed by India People's Republic of China Xinjiang - for about 14 km Pakistan Gilgit-Baltistan - for about 14 km, claimed by India People's Republic of China Xinjiang
Yellow Sea South Korea South Chungcheong Province
North Chungcheong Province
North Gyeongsang Province
Sea of Japan Japan Island of Honshū:
— Ishikawa Prefecture
Sea of Japan Toyama Bay Japan Island of Honshū:
— Niigata Prefecture
— Nagano Prefecture
— Niigata Prefecture
— Gunma Prefecture − for around 10 km
— Niigata Prefecture − for around 7 km
— Fukushima Prefecture
— Tochigi Prefecture
— Ibaraki Prefecture
— Fukushima Prefecture
Pacific Ocean United States California (landfall near Santa Cruz)
Utah / Arizona border
Colorado / New Mexico border
Colorado / Oklahoma border
Kansas / Oklahoma border
Illinois (at its southernmost point)
Virginia West Virginia
Atlantic Ocean Portugal Santa Maria Island in the Azores Atlantic Ocean Portugal Sagres Point Atlantic Ocean Portugal Cape Santa Maria Atlantic Ocean Gulf of Cádiz Spain Mediterranean Sea
In the United States, the parallel defines the southern borders of Utah, Colorado, and Kansas, and the northern borders of Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. It dates to the Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 when Congress divided Indian Territory into Kansas and Nebraska north of the 37th parallel and a remainder Indian Territory to the south. Before that the line had been thought to be the boundary between the Cherokee and Osage reservations - The 2.46 miles (3.96 km) descrepancy resulting in the creation of the Cherokee Strip. Congress extended the line west to New Mexico Territory, thus defining which states and territories would contitute The South between the Colorado and Mississippi Rivers, and creating what later became the Oklahoma Panhandle.
Landmarks on the 37th parallel include Santa Cruz, California; Gilroy, California; Madera, California; Ubehebe Crater in Death Valley; Colorado City, Arizona; the Four Corners at the intersection with the 32nd meridian west from Washington (the only place where four U.S. states meet at a point); Cairo, Illinois; Bowling Green, Kentucky; and Newport News, and Hampton,Virginia. It enters the Chesapeake Bay at the northern most tunnel entrance / exit of the Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel and the southernmost point of Old Point Comfort on the former Army base, Ft. Monroe.
The parallel 37° north formed the southern boundary of the historic and extralegal Territory of Jefferson.
- Hubbard, Bill (2009). American Boundaries: The Nation, the States, the Rectangular Survey. University of Chicago Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-226-35591-7. Retrieved 27 September 2012.