57th United States Congress

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57th United States Congress
56th ← → 58th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1901 – March 4, 1903

Senate President: Theodore Roosevelt (until September 14, 1901)
Vacant (from September 14, 1901)
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: David B. Henderson
Members: 90 Senators
357 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Special: March 4, 1901 – March 9, 1901
1st: December 2, 1901 – July 1, 1902
2nd: December 1, 1902 – March 3, 1903

The Fifty-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1901 to March 4, 1903, during the final six months of William McKinley's presidency, and the first year and a half of the first administration of his successor, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Republican majority.


Major events

Major legislation

Party summary


(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of the previous congress 23 7 54 2 2 88 2
Begin 28 2 53 0 3 86 4
End 56 89 1
Final voting share 31.5% 2.2% 62.9% 0.0% 3.4%
Beginning of the next congress 33 0 55 0 2 90 0

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 357


President of the Senate
Theodore Roosevelt


House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


At this time, Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. The Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, precede the names in the list below. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1904; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1906; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1902.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

House of Representatives

Changes in Membership



House of Representatives

See also