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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 6th century7th century8th century
Decades: 630s  640s  650s  – 660s –  670s  680s  690s
Years: 658 659 660661662 663 664
661 by topic
State leadersSovereign states
Birth and death categories
Establishment and disestablishment categories
661 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 661
Ab urbe condita 1414
Armenian calendar 110
Assyrian calendar 5411
Bengali calendar 68
Berber calendar 1611
Buddhist calendar 1205
Burmese calendar 23
Byzantine calendar 6169–6170
Chinese calendar 庚申(Metal Monkey)
3357 or 3297
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3358 or 3298
Coptic calendar 377–378
Discordian calendar 1827
Ethiopian calendar 653–654
Hebrew calendar 4421–4422
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 717–718
 - Shaka Samvat 583–584
 - Kali Yuga 3762–3763
Holocene calendar 10661
Iranian calendar 39–40
Islamic calendar 40–41
Japanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar 661
Korean calendar 2994
Minguo calendar 1251 before ROC
Seleucid era 972/973 AG
Thai solar calendar 1203–1204

File:Map of expansion of Caliphate.svg

Year 661 (DCLXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 661 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place



Arabian Empire


  • The imperial fleet of Japan invades Kyūshū by the order of empress Saimei. On its way, princess Nukata composes a famous poem at Nikitatsu in the province of Iyo (approximate date).
  • Saimei builds the palace of Asakura in Kyūshū from trees cut down from the shrines. Two months later she dies. People say it is because the gods are angry for destroying the shrines.
  • Emperor Tenji ascends to the throne of Japan after empress Saimei's death. He sends an expeditionary force under Abe no Hirafu to the Korea to help the allied kingdom of Baekje.


By topic


  • Maximus the Confessor, Christian monk, is recalled from exile in Thrace. He is tried, and sentenced to mutilation. His tongue and his right hand are cut off to prevent his further opposition to the Monothelites.
  • In Gaul all Roman bishops are replaced with Frankish bishops. They become increasingly common as Frankish leaders who control the episcopate (approximate date).




  1. Roberts, J: "History of the World". Penguin, 1994