67th (2nd Home Counties) Division

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2nd Home Counties Division
67th (2nd Home Counties) Division
67th Division
Active 14 November 1914–17 March 1919
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Service World War I
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Major-General Hon. C.E. Bingham

The 2nd Home Counties Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Force division of the British Army in World War I. The division was formed as a duplicate of the 44th (Home Counties) Division in November 1914. As the name suggests, the division recruited in the Home Counties, particularly Kent, Middlesex, Surrey and Sussex. In August 1915, in common with all Territorial Force divisions, it was numbered as 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division. Between September 1917 and the end of the year, the division was extensively reorganized and lost its territorial identity; henceforth it was known as 67th Division.

It served on home defence duties throughout the war, whist recruiting, training and supplying drafts to overseas units and formations. It was twice warned to prepare to be transferred to Ireland, and in April 1917 for service on the Western Front, but in the event never left England. It was eventually disbanded in March 1919.

History

In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw. 7, c.9) which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. 2nd Line units performed the home defence role, although in fact most of these were also posted abroad in due course.[1]

On 15 August 1915, TF units were instructed to separate home service men from those who had volunteered for overseas service (1st Line), with the home service personnel to be formed into reserve units (2nd Line). On 31 August, 2nd Line units were authorized for each 1st Line unit where more than 60% of men had volunteered for overseas service. After being organized, armed and clothed, the 2nd Line units were gradually grouped into large formations thereby forming the 2nd Line brigades and divisions. These 2nd Line units and formations had the same name and structure as their 1st Line parents. On 24 November, it was decided to replace imperial service (1st Line) formations as they proceeded overseas with their reserve (2nd Line) formations. A second reserve (3rd Line) unit was then formed at the peace headquarters of the 1st Line.[2]

The formation of the 2nd Home Counties Division was expedited as its parent Home Counties Division had been posted to India on 30 October 1914.[3] As a result, the division was formed in November 1914 with the 2nd Surrey, 2nd Middlesex and 2nd Kent Brigades as a 2nd Line duplicate and concentrated around Windsor.[4] Officers and men of the 1st Line infantry battalions and artillery brigades[lower-alpha 1] who did not go to India also joined the 2nd Line.[3]

Throughout 1915, training was hampered by a lack of modern arms and equipment. Further complicating the situation, in July 1915, the 2nd Line units and formations became liable for overseas service and were extensively reorganized; the home service personnel were posted to home service units. Initially, the artillery were equipped with some obsolete French 90mm guns and the infantry with Japanese .256" rifles.[3]

Order of battle

Organisation, December 1915

Organisation in December 1915 after reorganization when all 2nd Line formations became liable for overseas service.[7]

200th (2/1st Surrey) Brigade
3/4th Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)[lower-alpha 2]
2/5th Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)
2/5th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
2/6th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment
Royal Artillery[lower-alpha 3]
2/I Home Counties Brigade, RFA
2/1st Sussex Battery
2/2nd Sussex Battery
2/3rd Sussex Battery
2/I Home Counties Brigade Ammunition Column
2/II Home Counties Brigade, RFA
2/4th Sussex Battery
2/5th Sussex Battery
2/6th Sussex Battery
2/II Home Counties Brigade Ammunition Column
2/III Home Counties Brigade, RFA
2/1st Kent Battery
2/2nd Kent Battery
2/3rd Kent Battery
2/III Home Counties Brigade Ammunition Column
1/IV Home Counties (H) Brigade, RFA[lower-alpha 4]
1/4th Kent (H) Battery
1/5th Kent (H) Battery
1/IV Home Counties (H) Brigade Ammunition Column
Divisional troops
67th (2/1st Home Counties) Divisional Cyclist Company
67th (2/1st Home Counties) Mobile Veterinary Section, AVC

Royal Engineers

2/1st Home Counties Field Company
2/2nd Home Counties Field Company
1/3rd Home Counties Field Company
67th (2/1st Home Counties) Divisional Signal Company

Royal Army Medical Corps

2/1st Home Counties Field Ambulance
2/2nd Home Counties Field Ambulance
2/3rd Home Counties Field Ambulance

67th (2/1st Home Counties) Divisional Train, ASC

545th Company
546th Company
547th Company
548th Company
201st (2/1st Middlesex) Brigade
3/7th Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)[lower-alpha 5]
3/8th Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)[lower-alpha 5]
2/9th Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)
3/10th Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment)[lower-alpha 2]
202nd (2/1st Kent) Brigade
2/4th Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
2/5th (The Weald of Kent) Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
3/4th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)[lower-alpha 2]
2/5th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)

Commanders

The 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division had the following commanders:[14]

From Rank Name
14 November 1914 Brigadier-General C.T. Caulfield (acting)
3 January 1915 Brigadier-General W.R. Clifford (acting)
20 January 1915 Major-General J.C. Young[lower-alpha 6]
4 April 1917 Major-General Hon. C.E. Bingham[lower-alpha 7]

See also

Notes

  1. The basic organic unit of the Royal Artillery was, and is, the Battery.[5] When grouped together they formed brigades, in the same way that infantry battalions or cavalry regiments were grouped together in brigades. At the outbreak of World War I, a field artillery brigade of headquarters (4 officers, 37 other ranks), three batteries (5 and 193 each), and a brigade ammunition column (4 and 154)[6] had a total strength just under 800 so was broadly comparable to an infantry battalion (just over 1,000) or a cavalry regiment (about 550). Like an infantry battalion, an artillery brigade was usually commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel. These figures refer to 6-gun batteries; Territorial Force artillery batteries were organized on a 4-gun basis at the outbreak of the war, so strengths would be approximately two thirds of this. Artillery brigades were redesignated as regiments in 1938.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2/4th Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), 2/4th Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) and 2/10th Battalion, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) originally formed part of the division.[8] On 24 April 1915 they were posted to 160th (Welsh Border) Brigade in 53rd (Welsh) Division, along with 1/4th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, and served in Gallipoli, Egypt and Palestine.[9] They were replaced by their 3rd Line battalions and 4th Line battalions were formed to act as reserves.[7][10][11][12]
  3. The division was also supported by a number of batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery:[8]
    • 1/1st Home Counties (Kent) Heavy Battery, RGA (four 4.7" guns) from 30 October 1914 to 17 November 1915. It was re-equipped and left for the Western Front, landing at Le Havre on 29 December 1915. It joined the XVI Heavy Artillery Brigade on 31 December.
    • 2/1st Home Counties (Kent) Heavy Battery, RGA became a separate unit on 26 December 1914. It was equipped with four 4.7" guns on 10 January 1916 and was attached to the 226th Mixed Brigade at Mundesley in September 1916.
    • 130th Heavy Battery, RGA (four 60 pounders) was attached to the division from 19 November 1915 to 7 February 1916. It briefly served in Egypt, before joining the Fourth Army in France on 25 May.
  4. 1/IV Home Counties (Howitzer) Brigade, RFA was a 1st Line unit that remained in England when its parent division went to India in October 1914; it joined 67th Division in June 1915. It left on 22 December 1915 to prepare for overseas service and was replaced by its 2nd Line the next day. It was posted to the Western Front on 10 March 1916, joining the Fourth Army before transferring to the 63rd (Royal Naval) Division on 18 July 1916.[13]
  5. 5.0 5.1 2/7th and 2/8th Battalions, Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment) originally formed part of the division. On 1 February 1915 they were posted to Gibraltar and on 23 August joined the garrison in Egypt. Both battalions transferred to France on 9 May 1916 and were disbanded there on 15 June. At that time, 3/7th and 3/8th were redesignated as 2/7th ansd 2/8th.[8] They were replaced in the division by their 3rd Line battalions and 4th Line battalions were formed to act as reserves.[7][12]
  6. Major-General J.C. Young commanded the Home Counties Division at the outbreak of the war. He accompanied the division to India, departing on 30 October 1914. On arrival, he handed over the units and returned to England, arriving on 22 December.[3]
  7. Major-General Hon. C.E. Bingham was commander until 6 June 1919.[14]

References

  1. Baker, Chris. "Was my soldier in the Territorial Force (TF)?". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  2. Becke 1937, p. 6
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Becke 1937, p. 81
  4. Rinaldi 2008, p. 37
  5. "The Royal Artillery". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  6. Baker, Chris. "What was an artillery brigade?". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Becke 1937, p. 78
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Becke 1937, p. 77
  9. Becke 1936, p. 120
  10. James 1978, pp. 43–44
  11. James 1978, p. 90
  12. 12.0 12.1 James 1978, p. 93
  13. Becke 1937, p. 80
  14. 14.0 14.1 Becke 1937, p. 75

Bibliography

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4. 
  • Becke, Major A.F. (1937). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2B. The 2nd-Line Territorial Force Divisions (57th–69th) with The Home-Service Divisions (71st–73rd) and 74th and 75th Divisions. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-00-0. 
  • Farndale, General Sir Martin (1988). The Forgotten Fronts and the Home Base, 1914–18. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 1-870114-05-1. 
  • James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0. 

External links