939th Air Refueling Wing
|939th Air Refueling Wing|
|Part of||Air Force Reserve Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Portland Air Reserve Station|
RVGC w/ Palm
|Colonel William Flanigan|
The 939th Air Refueling Wing is an inactive United States Air Force Reserve unit. It was last active with the Fourth Air Force, based at the Portland Air Reserve Station, Oregon. It was inactivated on 30 June 2008.
The mission for the 939th Air Refueling Wing was to fly the KC-135R Stratotanker, providing air-to-air refueling and other worldwide air mobility support in support of the Air Mobility Command and combatant commanders.
It consisted of the following units:
- 939th Operations Group (939 OG)
- 64th Air Refueling Squadron (64 ARS)
- 939th Maintenance Group (939 MXG)
- 939th Mission Support Group (939 MSG)
- 939th Medical Squadron (939 MDS)
Following the mobilizations in 1961 and 1962 for the Berlin Crisis and the Cuban Missile Crisis, Continental Air Command (ConAC) realized that it was unwieldy to mobilize an entire wing unless absolutely necessary. Their original Table of Organization for each Wing was a wing headquarters, a troop carrier group, an Air Base Group, a maintenance and supply group, and a medical group. In 1957, the troop carrier group and maintenance and supply groups were inactivated, with their squadrons reassigned directly to the wing headquarters - despite the fact that many wings had squadrons spread out over several bases due to the Detached Squadron Concept dispersing Reserve units over centers of population.
To resolve this, in late 1962 and early 1963, ConAC reorganized the structure of its reserve Troop Carrier Wings by establishing fully deployable Troop Carrier Groups and inserting them into the chain of command between the Wing and its squadrons at every base that held a ConAC troop carrier squadron. At each base, the group was composed of a material squadron, a troop carrier squadron, a tactical hospital or dispensary, and a combat support squadron. Each troop carrier wing consisted of 3 or 4 of these groups. By doing so, ConAC could facilitate the mobilization of either aircraft and aircrews alone, aircraft and minimum support personnel (one troop carrier group), or the entire troop carrier wing. This also gave ConAC the flexibility to expand each Wing by attaching additional squadrons, if necessary from other Reserve wings to the deployable groups for deployments.
As a result, the 939th Troop Carrier Group was established with a mission to organize, recruit and train Air Force Reserve personnel in the tactical airlift of airborne forces, their equipment and supplies and delivery of these forces and materials by airdrop, landing or cargo extraction systems. The group was equipped with C-119 Flying Boxcars for Tactical Air Command airlift operations.
The group was one of four C-119 groups assigned to the 312th TCW in 1963, the other being the 938th Troop Carrier Group, at Hamilton AFB, California; 940th Troop Carrier Group at McClellan AFB, California, and the 941st Troop Carrier Group at Paine AFB, Washington.
The 939th performed routine reserve airlift operations, being upgraded to the C-124 Globemaster II intercontinental airlifter in 1966. On 26 January 1968 the group was activated for combat duty in the Vietnam War. The group flew overseas missions, particularly to the Far East and Southeast Asia during that period, being relieved from active service in June 1969.
Inactivated on 1 July 1973 as part of a reorganization of Military Airlift Command assets, personnel and equipment being assigned directly to its host 349th MAW.
Air rescue mission
In 1985, the unit changed to a rescue mission and the 939th was known as the 939th Rescue Group (939 RQG), then 939th Rescue Wing (939 RQW), controlling rescue squadrons at widely separated locations: the collocated 304th Rescue Squadron; the 301st and later the 39th in Florida; and the 305th, initially in Michigan until 1 September 1992 and then in Arizona from 1 October 1993. It provided considerable assistance to Florida and the 301st Rescue Squadron following the devastation of Hurricane Andrew in August 1992. It also deployed aircrews from each of the squadrons to provide search and rescue (SAR) coverage worldwide, including to NAS Keflavik, Iceland, during and after the Southwest Asia War and to provide combat SAR coverage in the Persian Gulf area, 1993-2003.
In 2003, the 939th converted to an aerial refueling mission with KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft and was redesignated as the 939th Air Refueling Wing (939 ARW). Its rescue-specific units (i.e., the 304th Rescie Squadron, etc.) were reassigned as geographically separated units (GSU) to the newly established 920th Rescue Wing in Florida.
The 939 ARW was inactivated in 2008 due to BRAC action and its KC-135R aircraft assets redistributed to other Air Force, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard units. The wing's former 304th Rescue Squadron remains in place at Portland ARS as a GSU of the 920th Rescue Wing.
- Established as the 939th Troop Carrier Group, Medium and activated on 15 January 1963 (not organized)
- Organized in the Reserve on 11 February 1963
- Redesignated 939th Tactical Airlift Group on 1 July 1967
- Ordered to active service on 26 January 1968
- Redesignated 939th Military Airlift Group (Associate) on 25 July 1968
- Relieved from active duty on 15 June 1969
- Inactivated on 1 July 1973
- Redesignated 939th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Group and activated in the Reserve on 1 April 1985
- Redesignated 939th Air Rescue Wing on 1 April 1990
- Redesignated 939th Rescue Wing on 1 February 1992
- Redesignated 939th Air Refueling Wing on 1 April 2003
- Inactivated on 30 June 2008
- Continental Air Command, 15 January 1963
- 349th Troop Carrier (later Military Airlift) Wing, 11 February 1963 – 26 January 1968
- 452d Military Airlift Wing, 26 January 1968 – 15 June 1969
- 349th Military Airlift Wing, 15 June 1969 – 1 July 1973
- Fourth Air Force, 1 April 1985 – 30 June 2008
- 939th Operations Group, 1 February 1992 – 30 June 2008
- 313th Troop Carrier (later Military Airlift) Squadron, 11 February 1963 – 1 July 1973
- 97th Military Airlift Squadron, 25 July 1969 – 1 July 1973
- 301st Air Rescue (later Rescue) Squadron, 1 October 1987 – 1 February 1992
- 303d Air Rescue (later Rescue) Squadron, 1 April 1985 – 1 February 1992
- 304th Air Rescue (later Rescue) Squadron, 8 April 1985 – 1 February 1992
- 305th Air Rescue (later Rescue) Squadron, 1 October 1987 – 1 February 1992
- Portland International Airport, 11 February 1963 – 1 July 1973; 1 April 1985 – 30 June 2008
- McChord AFB, Washington, 25 July 1968 – 15 June 1969
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989
- Cantwell, Gerald (1987), Citizen Airmen, A History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946-1994. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program: GPO, 1997 ISBN 0-16049-269-6
- Rogers, Brian (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.