Abu Ayman al-Iraqi

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Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi
ISIS Abu Ayman al-Iraqi.PNG
Born 1965
Anbar province, Iraqi Republic
Died 8 November 2014
Iraq
Allegiance Baathist Iraq (until 2003)
Flag of Jihad.svg Al-Qaeda (2007–2013)
23x15px Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (2013–2014)
Service/branch Iraqi Army (1986-2003)
Military of ISIL (8 April 2013–8 November 2014)
Rank Iraqi colonel Colonel (until 2003)
ISIL Emir of Latakia
(2012-January 2014)
ISIL Emir of Anbar
(January 2014-8 November 2014)
ISIL Military Chief
(4 June 2014–8 November 2014)[1][2]
Battles/wars 2003 Iraq War
Iraqi insurgency
Syrian Civil War Military intervention against ISIL

Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi (Arabic: عدنان لطيف حامد السويداوي الدليمي‎‎, ‘Adnān Laṭīf Ḥāmid as-Suwaydāwī al-Dulaymī), also known by his noms de guerre Abu Mohammad al-Sweidawi, Abu Abdul Salem[3] and Abu Ayman al-Iraqi,[4] was a top commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the former head of its Military Council.[5]

Biography

Despite his senior position within the ISIL hierarchy, very little is known about al-Iraqi. He has been referred to as a "shadowy persona".[6] Al-Sweidawi was a member of the Al-bu Swda clan of the Dulaim, the largest tribe in Iraq's Anbar Province. Al-Sweidawi served under the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein as a lieutenant colonel in the Iraqi Army.[7] He also operated in Iraq's Air Defense Intelligence.[8] According to Ahmed al-Dulaimi, the governor of Anbar Province, al-Sweidawi graduated from the same military academy as future senior ISIL leaders Haji Bakr and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi.[5]

ISIL supporters claim that following the 2003 invasion of Iraq, al-Sweidawi joined the insurgency, where he took part in both Battles of Fallujah and was a lieutenant of Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.[9] In 2007, al-Sweidawi was detained by U.S forces in Iraq at Camp Bucca. Following his release in 2010, he relocated to Syria where, following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War, he coordinated ISIL fighters in the western regions of Idlib and Aleppo as well as the mountains of Lattakia.[10][11][12]

The Syrian Armed Opposition accused al-Iraqi of being responsible for the assassinations of FSA and other opposition figures in Lattakia. Following the outbreak of fighting with other Syrian rebel groups in early 2014, al-Iraqi and his men redeployed to ISIL strongholds in eastern Syria.[4] Following the deaths of Haji Bakr and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi in 2014, al-Sweidawi reportedly succeeded them as head of ISIL's military council.[5]

In November 2014, there were media reports that al-Iraqi had been killed in an Iraqi airstrike that reportedly also injured Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi,[13][14] however this was not confirmed at the time. In May 2015, ISIL carried out a wide-scale assault on Ramadi, capturing the city centre. The assault was named after al-Sweidawi, who was described as having been killed in a US-led air strike.[15][16] Jihadists frequently name their military offensives after fallen leaders.[17] The Daily Beast reported that al-Sweidawi was succeeded by senior ISIL figure Abu Ali al-Anbari.[18]

References

  1. "Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS". New York Times. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Ex-U.S. detainees now ISIS leaders". Retrieved 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Islamic State Senior Leadership: Whos Who" (PDF). 2014. Retrieved February 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "ABU AYMAN AL-IRAQI DIRECTS ISIS OPERATIONS IN EASTERN SYRIA". Jamestown Foundation. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Military skill and terrorist technique fuel success of ISIS". The New York Times. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "A Late-Night Phone Call Between One Of Syria's Top Extremists And His Sworn Enemy". Buzzfeed. 4 April 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Key Players: Who's Who in the Battle for Iraq?". NBC News. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Exclusive: Top ISIS leaders revealed". Al Arabiya. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "ISIL extremists control centre of Iraqi city". The National (Abu Dhabi). 15 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Profile: The Rise of the Islamic State (IS)". 12 July 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Abu Ayman al-Iraqi". 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "The Islamic State" (PDF). Soufan Group. November 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Erin Cunningham (9 November 2014). "Fate of Islamic State chief unclear following U.S. airstrikes on group's leadership in Iraq". Washington Post.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Qassim Abdul-Zahra (9 November 2014). "Islamic State leader al-Baghdadi wounded by airstrike, Iraqi officials say". thestar.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "ISIL extremists control centre of Iraqi city". Agence France-Presse. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. IS Claims Wide-Scale Assault on Ramadi, Suicide Bombings by British, Syrian, and Tunisian Fighters(subscription required)
  17. "Series of deadly operations named after fallen Islamic State leader". The Long War Journal.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Everything We Knew About This ISIS Mastermind Was Wrong". The Daily Beast. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016. al-Qaduli handled the intelligence services, or amniyat, in the country, and then in both Syria and Iraq after the killing of Abu Muhannad al-Sweidawi, a former Saddamist<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>