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Type Private
Headquarters San Francisco, California
Area served Worldwide
Founder(s) Richard Price
Employees 23[1]
Alexa rank 721[2]
Type of site Platform for sharing research papers
Registration Free
Users 36 million [3]
Available in English
Launched September 2008
Current status Active is a social networking website for academics.[4] The platform can be used to share papers, monitor their impact, and follow the research in a particular field. It was launched in September 2008,[5] with 31 million registered users as of January 2016 and over 8 million uploaded texts.[6] was founded by Richard Price, who raised $600,000 from Spark Ventures, Brent Hoberman, and others.[7]

Open science proclaims to support the open science or open access movements, and in particular instant distribution of research and a peer-review system that occurs alongside distribution, instead of occurring before it.[8] Accordingly, the company stated its opposition to the proposed (since withdrawn) 2011 Research Works Act, which would have prevented open-access mandates.[9]

However, is not an open access repository and is not recommended as a way to pursue green Open Access by Peter Suber and experts, who instead invite researchers to use field-specific repositories or general-purpose repositories like Zenodo.[10][11]


TechCrunch remarked that gives academics a "powerful, efficient way to distribute their research"[12][13] and that it "will let researchers keep tabs on how many people are reading their articles with specialized analytics tools", and "also does very well in Google search results".[12] seems to reflect a combination of social networking norms and academic norms.[14] In the summer of 2015, the blogging platform was removed.

Months after its acquisition of rival Mendeley, Elsevier sent thousands of takedown notices to, a practice that has since ceased following widespread complaint by academics, according to founder and chief executive Richard Price.[15][16]

Domain name is not a university or institution for higher learning and so under current standards it would not qualify for the ".edu" top-level domain. However, the domain name "" was registered in 1999, prior to the regulations requiring .edu domain names to be held solely by accredited post-secondary institutions. All .edu domain names registered prior to 2001 were grandfathered in, even if not an accredited post-secondary institution.[17][18]

A critic, Kathleen Fitzpatrick, the Director of Scholarly Communication at the Modern Language Association, said she finds the use of the ".edu" domain name by to be "extremely problematic", since the domain name might mislead users into thinking the site is part of an accredited educational institution rather than a for-profit company.[18]

Financial history

In November 2011, raised $4.5 million from Spark Capital and True Ventures.[7] Prior to that, it had raised $2.2 million from Spark Ventures and a range of angel investors including Mark Shuttleworth, Thomas Lehrman, and Rupert Pennant-Rea.[7] As of March 2014, claimed to have raised $17.7 million from Khosla Ventures, True Ventures, Spark Ventures, Spark Capital and Rupert Pennant-Rea.[19]


  1. "About". Retrieved 2016-05-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Alexa, retrieved 11 December 2014
  5. Cutler, Kim-Mai. "Academia.Edu Overhauls Profiles As The Onus Falls On Researchers To Manage Their Personal Brands". Techcrunch. Retrieved 2012-10-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "About", retrieved 25 January 2016
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 " | CrunchBase Profile". Retrieved 2012-02-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Richard Price (2012-02-05). "The Future of Peer Review". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2012-02-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Richard Price (2012-02-15). "The Dangerous "Research Works Act"". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2012-02-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Peter Suber (2016). "Open Access book §10 self help".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 Wednesday, November 30th, 2011 (2011-11-30). " Raises $4.5 Million To Help Researchers Share Their Scholarly Papers". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2012-02-22. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. " – $4.5M in Funding, 3M Unique Monthly Visitors – Can They Change Science Publication?". Singularity Hub. 2011-12-11. Retrieved 2012-02-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). Preprint
  15. Parr, Chris (June 12, 2014). "Sharing is a way of life for millions on". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 14 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Howard, Jennifer (December 6, 2013). "Posting Your Latest Article? You Might Have to Take It Down". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 14 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "edu Policy Information". 2001-10-29. Retrieved 2012-02-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. 18.0 18.1 McKenna, Laura: "The Convoluted Profits of Academic Publishing", in The Atlantic, 17 December 2015
  19. "About". Retrieved 23 March 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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