Adélie Land

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Adélie Land
Terre Adélie
Flag
Motto: "Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
Anthem: La Marseillaise
Official languages French
Government
 •  President François Hollande
 •  Administrator Cécile Pozzo di Borgo[1]
 •  Head of District François Grosvalet[2]
French overseas territory
 •  Coastline discovered 1840 
Area
 •  Total 432,000 km2
166,796 sq mi
Population
 •  estimate c. 33 (winter)
< 80 (summer)
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone (UTC+10)
Calling code +262 262 00 2
Internet TLD .tf

Adélie Land (French: Terre Adélie) is a claimed territory on the continent of Antarctica. It stretches from a coastline area along the Great Southern Ocean inland all the way to the South Pole. This territory is claimed by France as one of five districts of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, although most countries have not given this their diplomatic recognition.

Geography

Adélie Land lies between 136° E (near Pourquoi Pas Point at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) and 142° E (near Point Alden at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.), with a shore length of about 350 kilometres (220 mi) and with its inland part extending as a sector of a circle about 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi) toward the South Pole. Adélie Land has border with the Australian Antarctic Territory both on the east and on the west, namely on Clarie Land (part of Wilkes Land) in the west, and George V Land in the east. Its total land area, mostly covered with glaciers, is estimated to be 432,000 square kilometres (167,000 sq mi).

History

The coast of Adélie Land was discovered in 1840 by the French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville (1790 – 1842) who named it after his wife, Adèle.[3] This is the basis of the French claim on this Antarctic land.

Research stations

Since January 12, 1956, there has been a manned French research base year-round located at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found., the Dumont d'Urville Station, with a winter population of about 33, but which goes up to about 78 during the Antarctic summer. The first French station, Port Martin, was built April 9, 1950 at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found., but it was destroyed by a fire during the night of January 22–23, 1952. Port Martin housed a winter population of 11 in 1950–51 and 17 in 1951–52.[4]

France also had an inland station on the Antarctic ice sheet long ago, about 320 km from the coast and from Dumont d'Urville Station, at an elevation of about 2400 meters, the Charcot Station (named for Jean-Baptiste Charcot) at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found., built for the International Geophysical Year of 1957–58. This was occupied from January 1957 through 1960, but housed only three men.

In popular culture

The Dumont d'Urville research station was the filming location of the documentary March of the Penguins (2005).[5]

References

  1. Official nomination
  2. List of chefs de district
  3. Dunmore, John (2007). From Venus to Antarctica: The Life of Dumont D'Urville. Auckland: Exisle Publ. p. 209. ISBN 9780908988716.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Fire destroys station in Antarctica, French expedition's loss". The Times. January 26, 1952.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "The Emperor's Close-Up". National Geographic's Adventure. National Geographic Society. 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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