Ada Jafri

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Ada Jafarey
ادؔا جعفری (Urdu)
A medium close-up photograph of a light-skinned, middle-aged woman, wearing a teal-coloured, patterned sāŗī, with a matching colī; shot taken from her right
Ada Jafarey in 1987 (Karachi)
Born Aziz Jahan
(1924-08-22)22 August 1924
Badayun, U.P., British India
Died 12 March 2015(2015-03-12) (aged 90)(age-91) Age=91 by maria sb
Karachi, Pakistan
Resting place PECHS Graveyard (Society Qabristan), Jamshed Town, Karachi Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Pen name Ada Jafri
Occupation Poet, author
Language Urdu
Nationality British Indian (1924–1947)
Pakistani (1947–2015)
Education primary education in poetry (maria)
Period Modern Era
Genre
Subject Including Feminism
Notable works “Maiṉ Sāz Ḍhūṉḍtī Rahī” (1950)
‘S̲h̲ahr-i Dard’ (1967)
Notable awards
Spouse Nurul Hasan Jafarey (m. 194795)
Children
  • Sabiha Jafarey
  • Azmi Jafarey
  • Aamir Jafarey
Website
www.adajafarey.com

Literature portal

Ada Jafarey[lower-alpha 1] (PP, TI), often spelt Ada Jafri[1] (22 August 1924 – 12 March 2015), was a Pakistani poet who is regarded as the first major Urdu poet who published as a woman[1][2][3][4] and had been called "The First Lady of Urdu Poetry". She was also an author[5] and was considered a prominent figure in contemporary Urdu literature.[1][2][6] She had received awards from Pakistan Writers' Guild, the Government of Pakistan and literary societies of North America and Europe in recognition of her efforts.[2]

Life

Early life

Ada Jafarey was born on 22 August 1924, in Badayun, U.P. Her birthname was Aziz Jahan.[lower-alpha 2][1][2][7] Her father, Maulvi Badrul Hasan[lower-alpha 3][8][9] died when she was three, and her mother reared her.[5] She started composing poetry when she was twelve[1][2][7][10] years old, under the pen name of Ada Badayuni. She spent her early life within impassable social bounds.[6][7]

Married life

She married Nurul Hasan Jafarey[lower-alpha 4] on 29 January 1947, in Lucknow, India. After her marriage, she took her pen name Ada Jafarey. Her husband, Nurul Hasan, was a top-ranking civil servant of the Federal Government of India. Ada Jafarey also moved with her husband to Karachi after the independence of Pakistan in 1947.[2] Her husband was a littérateur himself who wrote columns for both English and Urdu newspapers. He also served as the president of the Anjuman-i Taraqqi-i Urdu. Nurul Hasan, a major inspiration to her writing, died on 3 December 1995.[1]

Later life

She had been residing in Karachi, Pakistan.[1] She used to frequently travel between Karachi and Toronto, playing an active role in promoting Urdu.[2]

Family

Ada Jafarey and Nurul Hasan Jafarey had three children, Sabiha, Azmi and Aamir.[11] Sabiha Jafarey is married to Zubair Iqbal and is settled in Potomac, Maryland, US. They have three children Sabah Iqbal, Yusuf Iqbal and Sameer Iqbal.[11] Azmi Jafarey and his wife Shua Jafarey are now settled in Andover, Massachusetts, US. They have two sons, Faaez Jafarey and Aazim Jafarey.[11] Ada Jafarey lived with her son, Aamir Jafarey, his wife, Maha Jafarey, together with their daughter Asra Jafarey in Karachi till her death.[11][12] Ada Jafarey has two great grandchildren, Sabine Rana and Rizwan Rana, children of Sabah Iqbal Rana and her husband Fawad Rana.[11]

Death

Ada Jafarey died in the evening of 12 March 2015 in a hospital in Karachi where she was being treated,[13] at the age of 90.[7][14][15][16][17][18] The Pakistani Minister for Information, Broadcasting and National Heritage, Pervez Rashid, the Governor of Sindh, Dr. Ishratul Ebad Khan, the Pakistani Prime Minister, Mian Nawaz Sharif, Dr. Muhammad Qasim Bughio, Chairman PAL, and Zahida Parveen, Director-General PAL, expressed sorrow over the death of Jafarey. They praised her work in the field of Urdu poetry and prayed for her soul.[19][20][21][22][23] Her funeral prayer was held in Al-Hilal Mosque, Karachi.[24] She was buried in the PECHS graveyard, Jamshed Town, Karachi on 13 March 2015.[25]

Literary career

The first female poet

Ada Jafarey was part of a traditionally conservative society where women were not allowed to think and express independently.[2] But she was bold enough to express herself.[6] Despite having traditionality ingrained in her personality, she took part in modern art.[1] As early as 1950, she was recognized as the First Lady of Urdu Poetry.[lower-alpha 5][1][2][10][26] Her mother, and her husband Nurul Hasan Jafarey, encouraged her to keep on her literary activities in spite of social difficulties.[1][2] She was the student of great poets like Akhtar Sheerani and Jafar Ali Khan Asar Lakhnavi and used to get her poetry checked and corrected by them.[7] [10]

Style

Ada Jafarey writes in a gender-neutral mode,[27] though her works include feminist themes like discrimination and dehumanisation of women and of them being viewed as sexual objects.[3][7] Her personality seems absent from her poetry.[1]

Ada Jafarey wrote of her experiences as a wife and mother in a modified traditional idiom, but also noticed the lack of fulfillment that accompanied these relationships.[3]

Genre

Ada Jafarey's works are mostly Ghazals,[5] but she also experimented with āzād naz̤m,[lower-alpha 6][28] as well as Urdu Haiku.[5] She had mastered both genres of Urdu poetry, naz̤m and ghazal.[7] In her ghazals, she took the pen name, ‘Adā’.[lower-alpha 7] She has also written a few maẓāmīn.[lower-alpha 8][5]

Works

Ada Jafarey's first ghazal was published in Akhtar Sheerani's magazine, Romān,[lower-alpha 9] in 1945.[10] Ada Jafarey published her first collection of poems, “Maiṉ Sāz Ḍhūṉḍtī Rahī” [lower-alpha 10] in 1950. Her book, ‘G̲h̲azal Numā’,[lower-alpha 11] containing short essays with short biographies and brief commentaries on the work previous Urdu poets was published in 1987.[7] Besides, she published five collections of Urdu poetry (‘S̲h̲ahr-i Dard’, ‘G̲h̲azālāṉ, Tum to Wāqif Ho!’, ‘Ḥarf-i S̲h̲anāsāʾī’, ‘Safar Bāqī’, and ‘Mausam, Mausam’),[lower-alpha 12][15][26][29] in addition to her autobiography (“Jo Rahī so BeK̲h̲abrī Rahī”),[lower-alpha 13][29] and forty research papers.[1][2] She also published her collection of Urdu Haiku, Sāz-i Suk̲h̲n Bahānā hai[lower-alpha 14][5][26] Her ghazal, Hoṉṭoṉ pih kabhī un ke merā nām hī āʾe[lower-alpha 15][26] was sung and popularised by Ustad Amanat Ali Khan.[7][14][15][29] The first couplet of that ghazal is:[26]

 
ہونٹوں پہ کبھی ان کے، میرا نام ہی آئے
 
؎
آئے تو سہی، برسرالزام ہی آئے

Transliteration:

Hoṉṭoṉ pih kabhī un ke, merā nām hī āʾe
Āʾe to sahī, barsar-i ilzām hī āʾe

Awards

In 1955, Hamdard Foundation, New Delhi recognized her as the "Outstanding Female Poet of the Century".[2] Later, she was awarded the Adamjee Literary Award by the Pakistan Writers' Guild in 1967 for her second poetic collection, S̲h̲ahr-i Dard.[lower-alpha 16][2][30] In recognition of her work, the Government of Pakistan awarded her the Medal of Excellence in 1981.[2] She received the Baba-e Urdu, Dr. Maulvi Abdul Haq Award from the Pakistan Academy of Letters in 1994,[14] and the Quaid-e Azam Literary Award in 1997.[1] She was also the recipient of the Hamdard Foundation of Pakistan's Certificate of Merit.[1] She was the recipient of various international awards from literary societies in North America and Europe.[2][31]

The Government of Pakistan conferred upon her the Pride of Performance Award for Literature in 2002.[2][29] She was the recipient of the Kamal-e Fan Award for lifetime achievement in literature by the Pakistan Academy of Letters in 2003. She was the first woman recipient of the award since the literary prize was established by the Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) in 1997.[1]

Feminist views

Ada Jafarey is a supporter of feminism.[6][7][31][32] She expressed her views thus:[lower-alpha 17][4][33]

I did not accept the restrictions imposed by men, rather accepted only those restrictions which my mind has imposed upon me... I think that saying things from behind a veil is more appropriate because symbolism and allusion are the beauty of poetry, too.[34]

Critical reputation

Various critics say that Jafarey's poetry is full of politeness of expression. She combines both old and new thoughts in a unique artistic way through her poetry.[7]

Qazi Abdul Ghaffar, in his introduction to Ada Jafarey’s collection of verses, particularly mentioned her name in the field of feminist way of expression.[6]

The Urdu poet and critic, Jazib Qureshi, said:[2]
“Ada Jafarey is the first and only lady poet who carries in her poetry the eternal colours of Ghalib, Iqbal, and Jigar.

See also

Notes

  1. ادؔا جعفری: Adā Jaʿfrī
  2. عزیز جہاں: ʿAzīz Jahaṉ
  3. مولوی بدر الحسن / ALA-LC: Badru l-Ḥasan
  4. نور الحسن جعفری: Nūru l-Ḥasan Jaʿfrī
  5. اُردُو شاعری کی خاتونِ اوّل: Urdū S̲h̲āʿirī kī K̲h̲ātūn-i Awwal
  6. آزاد نظم: Urdu for 'free verse'
  7. ادؔا
  8. مضامین: Urdu for 'short essays'
  9. رومان
  10. میں ساز ڈھونڈتی رہی: Urdu for I kept looking for the 'musical instrument'
  11. غزل نما
  12. شہر درد، غزالاں تم تو واقف ہو، حرف شناسائی، سفر باقی، اور موسم موسم
  13. جو رہی سو بےخبری رہی: Urdu for It was just ignorance that stayed on
  14. سازِ سخن بہانا ہے
  15. ہونٹوں پہ کبھی ان کے میرا نام ہی آئے
  16. شہر درد: Urdu for The City of Pain
  17. Maiṉ ne mardoṉ kī ʿāʾid kardah pābandiyoṉ ko qubūl nahīṉ kiyā, balkih un pābandiyoṉ ko qubūl kiyā jo mere ẕahn ne mujh pih ʿāʾid kī haiṉ. Maiṉ samajhtī hūṉ kih bāt ko bainu l-sutūr kahnā zyādah munāsib hai kyūṉkih ramz o-kināyah bhī to s̲h̲āʿirī kā ḥusn hai.

External links

Citations

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 "Biography of Ada Jafarey". PoemHunter.com. Retrieved 29 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 A. Khan, Rohail. "Ada Jafarey: The first lady of Urdu poetry". Saudi Gazette. Retrieved 29 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Natarajan, Nalini (1996). Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 352. ISBN 9780313287787.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mahmood, Khwaja Tariq (2008). Selected Poetry of Women Writers (4 languages) (in Urdu). Star Publications. p. 6. ISBN 9788176503105.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Āʾīnah-yi Urdū (lāzmī). 40, Urdu Bazaar, Lahore: Khalid Book Depot. 2009. p. 358.CS1 maint: location (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Mittra, Sangh (2004). Encyclopaedia of Women in South Asia: Pakistan. Gyan Publishing House. p. 69. ISBN 9788178351872.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 Qureshi, Junaid. "!بڑے تاباں، بڑے روشن ستارے ٹوٹ جاتے ہیں". Express News (in Urdu). Retrieved 13 March 2015. منکسرالمزاج، شائستہ اور درویش صفتCS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "اردو زبان کی عہدساز شاعرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کرگئیں". Dawn News (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "اردو ادب کی پہلی مقبول شا عرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کر گئیں". Roznama Dunya (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "‏"ہونٹوں پہ کبھی ان کے میرا نام ہی آئے" ممتاز شاعرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کر گئیں". Nawai Waqt (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Jafarey, Ada. "Family". Personal website. Dr. Aamir Jafarey. Retrieved 2 December 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Ada Jafarey (ادا جعفری) passed away". Reviewit (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Poetess Ada Jafri passes away". ARY News. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 "Poet Ada Jafri is no more". Dawn. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Poetess Ada Jafri passes away". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Death of the first lady". The News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Poetess Ada Jafarey passes away". The Nation. Retrieved 14 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "کراچی ،اردو کی پہلی شاعرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کرگئیں،نمازجنازہ آج ہو گی". Daily Pakistan (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Jabri, Pervez. "Pervaiz Rashid condoles over demise of Ada Jafri". Business Recorder. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Imaduddin. "Ebad grieved over poetess Ada Jafri's death". Business Recorder. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Jabri, Pervez. "PM saddened over demise of Ada Jafri". Business Recorder. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Ada Jafri's death termed a colossal loss to Urdu literature". Daily Times. Retrieved 14 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Ada Jafri's demise a great loss: PAL chief". The News. Retrieved 14 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "شاعرہ ادا جعفری کی کراچی میں نماز جنازہ اور تدفین ". Geo News Urdu (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "منفرد شاعرہ ادا جعفری کا آخری سفر". VOA Urdu (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 "شاعرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کرگئیں". Express News (in Urdu). Retrieved 13 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. George, K. M. Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology: Plays and prose. Sahitya Akademi. p. 440. ISBN 9788172013240.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Samiuddin, Abida (2007). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Urdu Literature. Global Vision Publishing House. p. 223. ISBN 9788182201910.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 "'Honto pay kbhi un k mery naam hi aeay' fame poetess Ada Jafri passes away". The News Teller. Retrieved 13 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "اردو کی پہلی مقبول شاعرہ ادا جعفری علالت کے بعد انتقال کر گئیں". Urdu Times (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. 31.0 31.1 "ممتاز شاعرہ ادا جعفری کی رحلت". Express News (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "ممتاز شاعرہ ادا جعفری کی رحلت". South Asian Media (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "اردو کی معروف شاعرہ ادا جعفری انتقال کر گئیں". VOA Urdu (in Urdu). Retrieved 14 March 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. In the original Urdu: میں نے مردوں کی عائد کردہ پابندیوں کو قبول نہیں کیا، بلکہ اُن پابندیوں کو قبول کیا جو میرے ذہن نے مجھ پہ عائد کی ہیں۔۔۔ میں سمجھتی ہوں کہ بات کو بین الستور کہنا زیادہ مناسب ہے کیونکہ رمز و کنایہ بھی تو شاعری کا حُسن ہے۔