Adam Wainwright

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Adam Wainwright
Wainwright with the St. Louis Cardinals
St. Louis Cardinals – No. 50
Starting pitcher
Born: (1981-08-30) August 30, 1981 (age 41)
Brunswick, Georgia
Bats: Right Throws: Right
MLB debut
September 11, 2005, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
(through 2015 season)
Win–loss record 121–67
Earned run average 2.98
Strikeouts 1,326
Career highlights and awards

Adam Parrish Wainwright (born August 30, 1981) is an American professional baseball starting pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Atlanta Braves selected him at 29th overall in the first round of the 2000 amateur draft from Glynn Academy in Brunswick, Georgia. His performance in the minor leagues made him regarded as one of the Braves' top pitching prospects. The Braves traded him to the Cardinals after the 2003 season, receiving outfielder J. D. Drew in a deal which has since been considered lopsided in favor of the Cardinals. Wainwright made his MLB debut on September 11, 2005, against the New York Mets.

Starting his MLB career as a relief pitcher, Wainwright became a closer late in his rookie season of 2006, saving the series-clinching game of both the National League Championship Series and World Series. The next season, he returned to starting pitching, a role in which he has since remained, except for 2011, which he missed due to Tommy John surgery. He emerged as an ace as he led the National League multiple times in wins, innings pitched, and games started. He also has multiple top-ten finishes in earned run average, strikeouts, walks plus hits per inning pitched, and complete games. In 2014, he became the first pitcher in Major League history to post nine of his first 18 starts with seven innings pitched and no runs allowed. In his career, Wainwright has won more than 100 games, three All-Star selections, two Rawlings Gold Glove Awards and finished in the top three in the Cy Young Award balloting four times.

With 1,326 strikeouts in his career to date, Wainwright is second to Bob Gibson in Cardinals franchise history in strikeouts. He runs a fantasy football league where the registration fees go to charity. He is currently signed through 2018.

Early life

Wainwright was born in Brunswick, Georgia to Bill, an attorney, and Nancy Wainwright, a real estate agent.[1] However, his parents divorced when he was seven years old and his father moved to Florida, leaving only Wainwright's mother to raise him and his older brother Trey, now also an attorney in Atlanta.[1][2] Wainwright credits Trey, seven years his senior, with teaching him everything he knows about sports after their father left, including building a pitcher's mound in their back yard to teach Adam how to pitch.[1][2] The young Wainwright also participated in the Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts and numerous church activities, and grew up a huge Braves fan.[1][2]

High school and adulthood

Wainwright attended high school at Glynn Academy in his native Brunswick where he was an athletic and academic standout.[2] A multi-sport athlete, Wainwright also played football, in which he was named to the All-State team as a wide receiver his junior and senior years as well as All-Region honors as a placekicker.[1] With a fastball over 90 mph and batting average at times over .500, his future would lie in baseball, however, and Wainwright was named Gatorade Georgia Player of the Year in 2000.[1] He garnered considerable interest from colleges and universities offering both academic and baseball scholarships, including Georgia Tech.[2]

Professional career

Draft and minor leagues (2000–05)

Atlanta Braves organization (2000–03)

When the Atlanta Braves selected him 29th overall in the first round of the 2000 MLB Draft, Wainwright chose to forgo college to go straight to the pros, signing a contract that included a $1.25 million bonus. The Braves had been his favorite team growing up. Less than two weeks after high school graduation Wainwright reported to the Braves rookie team and soon advanced to Atlanta's Class A Danville Braves in the [Appalachian League]. He pitched for the Macon Braves in the South Atlantic League in 2001 where he broke the team record for strikeouts, previously held by Bruce Chen, with 184.[1][3]

Wainwright spent the 2002 season in the Carolina League and also participated in that season's All-Star Futures Game. In 2003, Wainwright advanced to the Braves' Double-A club, Greenville.[1] He was Baseball America's top Braves prospect in 2003.[3][4] In December of that year, the St. Louis Cardinals acquired Wainwright with pitchers Jason Marquis and Ray King in a trade that sent outfielder J. D. Drew and utility player Eli Marrero to the Braves.[5]

St. Louis Cardinals (2005-present)

Wainwright pitched just 12 games for the Triple-A Memphis Redbirds when he was shut down for nearly all the rest of the season with an elbow strain. There, he had a 4–4 won–loss record (W–L) with a 5.37 earned run average (ERA) in ​63 23 innings pitched (IP). He struck out 64 and allowed 68 H and 28 BB. In the Arizona Fall League, he returned to pitch ten innings. The next season, he spent with Memphis, starting 29 games, completing 182 IP and allowing 204 hits, 51 BB and striking out 147. His W–L record was 10–10. After two somewhat uneven seasons in the Cardinals' minor-league system, Wainwright made his MLB debut for St. Louis on September 11, 2005.[3][6]


Wainwright in 2006, his first full season

Wainwright made the Cardinals' Opening Day roster as a relief pitcher after having been a starter for his entire minor-league career. On May 24, 2006, he hit a home run on the first pitch he saw as batter in the major leagues against the San Francisco Giants' Noah Lowry; he became the 22nd batter in Major League history and 11th National Leaguer to hit a home run off the first pitch thrown in his first at-bat.[7]

Wainwright pitched capably as a middle reliever, but when incumbent closer Jason Isringhausen underwent season-ending hip surgery in September, Wainwright was pressed into service as the closer. He saved two crucial games on September 27 and September 30 as St. Louis held off Houston's late charge and won the NL Central Division championship. In spite of their unexceptional 83–78 regular-season record, the Cardinals rolled through October to win the 10th world championship in franchise history. As the new closer, Wainwright took center stage:

  • On October 19, 2006, in the final game of the National League Championship Series, Wainwright, with the bases loaded, struck out future teammate Carlos Beltrán looking on a now-legendary curveball, ending the New York Mets' season and sending the Cardinals to the World Series.


Wainwright moved from the bullpen to the starting rotation for 2007. Shortly after losing ace Chris Carpenter for the year due to elbow surgery, Wainwright emerged as the Cardinals' most reliable starter. On August 10, he threw the first complete game of his career, a 2–1 loss to Los Angeles, and the only nine-inning complete game for the Cardinals that season. By September, Wainwright had established himself as the staff ace in Carpenter's absence, going 9–6 with a 2.94 ERA from mid-May to the end of the season. He finished his first year by leading the club in almost every pitching category – games started, innings pitched, strikeouts, and wins – while compiling a 3.70 ERA and a 14–12 record. His 14 wins were the most in franchise history for a first-year starter. His 2.71 ERA after the All-Star break was third-best in the NL.[8]


Wainwright in the dugout.

In March, 2008, Wainwright signed a four-year deal with the Cardinals worth $21 million, with two club options for 2012 and 2013 that made the potential aggregate value $36 million.[9] He gave up four runs or less in each of his first seven starts. However, the Cardinals lost to the Brewers 8–3 in Wainwright's eighth start on May 13 as Ryan Braun hit two home runs off him.[10] He suffered a strain on the middle finger of his pitching in June, causing him to miss ​2 12 months of the season. In 20 starts, he finished 11–3 with a 3.20 ERA.[11]


On August 19, 2009, at Dodger Stadium, Wainwright pitched a no-hitter going against the Los Angeles Dodgers for ​5 13 innings before Orlando Hudson broke it up with a clean single to left field. In his next start against the Astros, he pitched eight shutout innings to pick his then-major league-leading 15th win in a 1–0 victory. It was his 25th straight start with at least six innings pitched. In five August starts that season, he completed ​35 23 IP with just one walk and 22 SO.[12] On September 26, he pitched eight innings and struck out eleven for a 6–3, NL Central division-clinching victory against the Colorado Rockies at Coors Field for his 19th win.[13] Wainwright finished with a 19–8 record and a 2.63 ERA, leading the National League in wins, games started (34), and innings pitched (233).[14] He also struck out a major-league high 140 batters on third-strike curveballs.[4]

On October 28, he won the Players Choice Award as the NL Most Outstanding Pitcher.[15] He won his first Gold Glove Award on November 11, 2009.[16] He was a top contender for the Cy Young Award along with teammate Chris Carpenter and eventual winner Tim Lincecum. He became only the second pitcher ever – Trevor Hoffman was the first – to get the most first place votes and not win the award.[a][17]


Pitching in his first All Star Game, Wainwright completed one inning. He faced five batters, throwing 17 pitches for ten strikes and seven balls, and allowed no runs with just one hit – a double off the glove of fellow Cardinal All-Star Matt Holliday – one walk, and two strikeouts.[18] In one eleven-game stretch preceding August 16, he compiled ​66 a3 IP in nine of those starts and allowed two earned runs for a 0.27 ERA.[19]

Wainwright finished the 2010 season 20–11 with a 2.42 ERA, five complete games, 213 strikeouts, 56 walks, 15 home runs allowed, and a WHIP of 1.05, in ​230 13 IP. His win, strikeout, complete game and shutout totals were all career bests. His win total and ERA were both good for second place in the National League (behind only Josh Johnson's 2.30 ERA, and Roy Halladay's 21 wins). He also pitched the first two shutouts of his career in 2010 – one against the Milwaukee Brewers on June 4 and a two-hitter against the Florida Marlins on August 6.[20][21]

Wainwright was the runner-up for the 2010 NL Cy Young Award, finishing second in voting behind unanimous winner Halladay. Wainwright picked up 28 of 32 second-place votes. Near the end of the season, he had experienced elbow discomfort and nerve swelling. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan cleared him after the season.[22]


Shortly after reporting to spring training, Wainwright experienced discomfort in his right elbow while pitching batting practice on February 21. Three days later, the Cardinals announced that Wainwright would miss the entire 2011 season – and possibly the first three months of the next season – after finding that ulnar collateral ligament damage necessitated Tommy John surgery (TJS). George Paletta, the team physician, performed the surgery on February 28 in St. Louis and it was deemed "a success."[23] Former clients for the same surgery included teammates Chris Carpenter, Jaime García, and Kyle McClellan.[24][25] Wainwright's contract featured options for 2012 and 2013 totaling $21 million with a provision that they would not automatically vest if he ended the 2011 season on the disabled list.[26]

The Cardinals made the playoffs as a wild card entry, overtaking the Braves on the final day of the season.[27] They eventually won the World Series, defeating the Texas Rangers four games to three. The Cardinals awarded Wainwright his second World Series ring, in spite of not pitching the entire season. It was also the second ring he won even though he had yet to start in a World Series game.[28]


Wainwright pitching in 2012

Fully recovered after TJS and rehabilitation, Wainwright was ready ahead of schedule for spring training. Statistically, the 2012 season proved to be an overall disappointment season by Wainwright's standards, as he wound up 14–13 with a 3.94 ERA. However, it was encouraging in regards to the health of his right arm as he completed the entire season without any issues. In addition, pitchers recovering from TJS often find it challenging at first to throw with the same command as before the surgery, and thus to achieve post-surgery results equal to pre-surgery results. This was the case at first with Wainwright.[29]

On May 22, he threw his first complete game shutout since August 6, 2010, and the third of his career in his ninth complete game. It was a four-hit, 4–0 win at home against the San Diego Padres, striking out nine and walking only one.[30] He reached his 1,000th career inning on July 29.[31] The May 22 start marked a turning point in the season. During a 13-start stretch until August 3, he pitched ​85 23 innings, striking out 83 while allowing just four home runs and 17 BB. He attributed the improvement to being able to sustain the usual finishing movement on his pitches through late innings, which earlier in the season, had eluded him, thus making his pitches easier to hit. He also corrected a subtle flaw that had developed on the grip of his curveball during a bullpen session prior to the start against San Diego. The flaw made it increasingly difficult to throw the curveball for consistent strikes.[32]


On March 28, 2013, the Cardinals announced they and Wainwright had agreed to a five-year contract extension. At the time, he was under the last year of his previous contract, so the new deal extended him through 2018. With a total value of $97.5 million, it was the largest contract ever for a Cardinals pitcher.[33] On April 18, he became the first pitcher in baseball since 1900 to achieve 28 strikeouts and zero walks in his first four starts of a season.[34][35] Slim Sallee established the franchise record exactly one hundred years earlier by not issuing a walk in his first 40 innings.[36] Wainwright's streak ended in a start at Washington on April 23 after 34 ​23 innings and 133 batters faced.[37]

The first MLB pitcher to post 10 wins on June 13, Wainwright put up seven scoreless innings in a 2–1 defeat of the Mets at Citi Field. Moreover, his strikeout of David Wright was his first of the game and the 1,000th of his career. He allowed six hits and struck out a total of four.[38] Wainwright became the NL Pitcher of the Month for June with a 4–2 record and 1.77 ERA. With 40 strikeouts for the month, Wainwright issued just six walks while holding opposing batters to a .220 average. Through that point in the season, he was 11–5 with a 2.22 ERA, and was the MLB leader with four complete games and a 9.5 strikeout-to-walk ratio.[39]

In successive starts against the Reds in late August, Wainwright allowed 15 runs, both losses. He struck out eight in seven shutout innings on September 7 at home in a 5–0 win over the first-place Pirates in earning his 16th victory of the season. The Pirates, Reds, and Cardinals were all close contenders for the Central division title in September. The win gave the Cardinals first place over the Pirates by ​12 game, and ​1 12 games over the Reds.[40] Wainwright's seven strikeouts increased his career total to 1,103, passing Dizzy Dean (1,095) for second place among Cardinals' pitchers. Only Bob Gibson (3,117 in 528 games) had more.[41]

In a 60-inning stretch following the All-Star break Wainwright had walked 14, compared with 15 in ​146 23 IP before the break.[42] When fellow starter Shelby Miller defeated Nationals' starter Jordan Zimmerman on September 26, he denied him his 20th victory.[43] Two days later, Wainwright, who was second in the league with 18 entering the game, defeated the Chicago Cubs in his final start of the season to tie Zimmerman for the lead in wins at 19. Wainwright also became just the third pitcher in franchise history to twice lead the league in wins, joining Dizzy Dean (193435) and Mort Cooper (194243).[44] He also led the NL in games started (34), innings pitched (​241 23), hits allowed (223), and batters faced (956), and was third in strikeouts.[45]

The Cardinals faced the Boston Red Sox in the World Series, and called upon Wainwright to start Game 1 against Jon Lester. It was Wainwright's first World Series appearance since 2006, and first start. He allowed five runs and St. Louis lost, 8–1.[45] In Game 5, a rematch against Lester, the Cardinals again lost, this time 3–1. Wainwright struck out 10 in seven innings, becoming the first Cardinal to reach double digits in strikeouts since Gibson against the Detroit Tigers in 1968.[46] After the Cardinals took a 2–1 Series lead, the Red Sox won the final three games to take the title.[47]

Wainwright won his second Gold Glove award in 2013.[48] In the Cy Young balloting, Wainwright placed second, his second such ranking, and finished 23rd in the NL MVP voting.[49][50]


Starting for the Cardinals against the Reds on Opening Day, March 31, 2014, Wainwright won his 100th career decision. In seven innings, he struck out nine and gave up just three singles in a 1–0 win. It was the first Opening Day win of his career while shutting out the Reds on Opening Day for the first time since 1953.[51] At Nationals Park against Washington on April 17, he pitched a two-hit shutout, winning 8–0. He gave up the first hit in the second inning with a high infield chopper, but none after until two outs into the ninth. He walked three and struck out eight. It was his seventh career shutout.[52] In an April 27 start against the Pirates, he tallied eight scoreless innings to extend a streak to 25 innings as the Cardinals won, 7–0, but was pulled before he could get a complete game due to concerns over his April 22 hyperextended right knee injury.[53] His streak of 25 scoreless innings ended in the first inning on May 2 in a loss against the Cubs, to whom he allowed six runs.[54]

Arguably the finest game of Wainwright's career was his 195th start on May 20, a one-hitter against the Diamondbacks. He retired the first 11 batters before giving up a double to Paul Goldschmidt in the fourth inning. After the hit, he retired the final 16 batters consecutively, facing only 28, one over the minimum for a perfect game. He walked none and struck out nine, throwing 115 pitches, 86 for strikes. It was his seventh win of the year, tying for the National League lead and his 106th career victory against 59 losses. It also tied him for eighth place with Sallee on the all-time Cardinals' pitching win list and was his eighth career shutout.[55] He followed that effort with eight more scoreless innings on May 25. Between those two starts, he gave up just one walk and struck out a major-league-leading 21 batters in 17 scoreless innings. He was named NL Co-Player of the Week with Dodgers starter Josh Beckett, who threw a no-hitter on May 25.[56][57] However, he missed his June 16 against the Mets due to elbow tendinitis, but an MRI showed no structural damage to the Tommy John surgically-repaired ligament.[58]

After leading the NL with a 1.79 ERA and 11 wins through July 6, Wainwright was selected to his third All-Star Game at Target Field in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was selected as the NL's starting pitcher for the first time in his career.[59][60][61] Besides two starts in which he gave up seven runs to the Giants and six to the Cubs, he had allowed 13 runs in 16 of his first 18 starts. Nine of those starts included totals with seven or more innings pitched and zero earned runs allowed. Per the Elias Sports Bureau, it was the first time in Major League history that any pitcher achieved that feat in his first eighteen starts of the season.[62]

When the Cardinals defeated the Brewers 10–2 on July 12, Wainwright finished his pre-All Star break total with a 12–4 record and a 1.83 ERA. Further, he joined Hall of Fame member Steve Carlton as the only Cardinals to post an ERA less than 2.00 and at least 12 wins before the All-Star break (1969). In that game, Wainwright posted his major-league-leading 15th start of the season with at least seven innings pitched and two or fewer runs allowed.[63] At the plate, his run batted in-single scored rookie Oscar Taveras for his 100th career hit.[64]

In the All-Star Game, Wainwright incurred controversy over his remarks about facing leadoff hitter Derek Jeter. Jeter, who was retiring after the season, doubled on Wainwright's second pitch of the game. During interviews, he admitted that he gave Jeter an easy pitch to hit. “I was gonna give him a couple pipe shots. He deserved it," Wainwright said. "I didn’t know he was gonna hit a double or I might have changed my mind.” Wainwright later recanted, stating that it was in humor, and that he was "not intentionally giving up hits out there."[65]

Conversely, Jeter was appreciative. "He grooved them? The first one was a little cutter that he threw down and away. He probably assumed I was swinging. So he didn't groove the first one. The second was about 90, a two-seamer that stayed on a really good ... No, I don't know, man," he paused and smiled, drawing laughs from reporters. "I have no idea. If he grooved it, thank you. You still got to hit it."[66]

Following the All-Star break, Wainwright temporarily struggled to keep the consistency of the first half of the season due to frequent elbow irritation. In June, he gave just four ER in 31 IP for a 1.16 ERA, and followed that up with a 1.62 ERA in July. His results reversed in August when he allowed 22 ER in ​38 13 IP for a 5.17 ERA. However, in September, he posted a 1.38 ERA in 39 IP with 29 SO and a 5–0 W–L.[67] He was subsequently named the NL Pitcher of the Month for September.[68]

After the season, Wainwright had a procedure to remove part of the cartilage of the right elbow on October 24. At times – commencing in June – he had altered his mechanics to mitigate the discomfort. In his third-to-last and second-to-last starts of the season – which were in the NLDS against the Dodgers and NLCS against the Giants – he was unable to complete five innings in both starts. This led to speculation Wainwright was pitching with pain, which he denied.[69]

Through the 2014 had a career 132 ERA+, third-highest for an active pitcher who has a minimum of 1,000 innings, and a .643 winning percentage, fourth-highest for active pitchers.[70][71] He finished third in the Cy Young voting for 2014, his third such placing, and fourth time he was positioned in the top three.[72]


The Cardinals selected Wainwright to make his fourth career Opening Day start, and the season-opening game for MLB in 2015, in what was also the first-ever MLB Opening Night game. He was credited with the win as the Cardinals defeated the Cubs at Wrigley Field, 3–0.[73] On April 25, he left the game against the Brewers in the top of the fifth after suffering an ankle injury while batting. The next day, the Cardinals placed him on the 15-day disabled list,[74] and announced the following day that he had an Achilles tendon rupture and would likely miss the remainder of the season.[75] He underwent successful surgery to repair the tendon on April 30.[76]

With a recovery initially expected to take nine to twelve months,[77] he had made four appearances through that point in the season, going 2–1 with a 1.44 ERA. As the season progressed, he consistently stated his goal was to return to pitching before the end of season. After working diligently to accelerate his recovery, the Cardinals announced on September 21 that he was cleared to resume baseball activities, two weeks prior to the conclusion of the regular season.[78] His actual recovery took five months.[77]

Making his first appearance of the season since April, Wainwright pitched a scoreless inning of relief in the first game of a doubleheader against Pittsburgh on September 30, an 8–2 loss. It was his first relief appearance since the 2006 World Series.[79]


Pitching style

Wainwright has a sinkerball, throwing it in the 90 to 92 miles per hour (145–148 km/h). He also throws a good deal of cutters 84 to 88 miles per hour (135–142 km/h) and curveballs 68 to 73 miles per hour (109–117 km/h) that has dropped more than 8 inches before from top to bottom of the pitch. Less commonly, he also throws a four-seam fastball 90 to 95 miles per hour (145–153 km/h) and a changeup 84 to 86 miles per hour (135–138 km/h). He uses all of his pitches against left-handed hitters, but he does not use the changeup against right-handers. Wainwright's most-used pitch in 2-strike counts is his curveball.[81]

In spring training of 2013, he started incorporating an elevated four-seam fastball, making his curveball more effective.[37]

Personal life

Wainwright married his high school sweetheart, Jenny Curry, in 2004.[2] In a quirk of fate, he was in the midst of proposing to Curry in December, 2003, when a telephone call interrupted him to inform him he'd been traded from the Braves to the Cardinals.[1] Mrs. Wainwright holds a degree in interior design from Georgia Southern University. In the off-season, the Wainwrights reside on St. Simons Island, Georgia, with their three daughters, Baylie Grace (born September 10, 2006) Morgan Addison (born October 22, 2008), and Macy (born November 7, 2011, days after the Cardinals won the World Series). Wainwright has openly expressed his Christian faith,[82][83] and is active in the Fellowship of Christian Athletes.[2]

In July, 2013, Adam Wainwright launched a website, In an interview, Wainwright told Fox Sports Midwest, the website combined his love of fantasy football with his passion for helping the less fortunate. For a registration fee, all of which goes to charity, fans can assemble their own fantasy team and compete throughout the season against not only Wainwright but his current and former Cardinals teammates Allen Craig, David Freese, and Matt Holliday.[84] Those with the best team records at season's end will receive prizes.[85] The league raised $100,000 in 2013 and supported Operation Food Search and Water Missions International.[82]

See also



  • a Wainwright became just the second pitcher in the history of the Cy Young Award to garner the most first-place votes and not win the award. In 1998, San Diego's Trevor Hoffman collected 13 first-place votes and Atlanta's Tom Glavine totaled 11. However, Glavine amassed the most points, 98–88, and thus was the winner.[17]

Source notes

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  13. Leach, Matthew (September 27, 2009). "Gutty Wainwright leads Cards to clinch: Righty tosses eight solid innings; LaRue hits go-ahead blast".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  15. 15.0 15.1 "Carpenter, Pujols and Wainwright presented Players Choice Awards". MLBPA Press Release. April 30, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Leach, Matthew (November 11, 2009). "Molina, Wainwright nab Gold Gloves: Back-to-back awards for Cards catcher; hurler wins first".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 Haft, Chris (November 19, 2009). "Lincecum's the one; that makes two Cys". Retrieved January 22, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. NL 3, AL 1
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