Adelaide of Holland

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Adelaide of Holland
Schiedam kunstwerk vrouwe aleida.jpg
Statue of Aleida of Holland
Spouse(s) John I, Count of Hainaut
John II, Count of Hainaut and Holland
Baldwin of Hainaut
Joanna, Abbess of Flines
Bouchard, Bishop of Metz
Guy of Avesnes
William, Bishop of Cambrai
Florent of Hainaut
Noble family House of Holland
Father Floris IV, Count of Holland
Mother Matilda of Brabant
Born c. 1230
Died 1284 (aged 53–54)
Buried Valenciennes

Adelaide of Holland, Countess of Hainaut (Dutch: Aleide (Aleidis) van Holland; c. 1230 – buried 9 April 1284) was a daughter of Floris IV, Count of Holland and Matilda of Brabant. She was also a sister of William II, Count of Holland and King of Germany. She acted as regent for her nephew Count Floris V during his minority.


On 9 October 1246, Adelaide married John I of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut. Like her mother, she was a patron of religious houses. Her religious interest is reflected in that three of her sons became bishops, and her one daughter became an abbess. She also insisted on a bilingual education for them.

Between 1258 and 1263, Adelaide was regent of Holland in the name of her nephew Floris V. She called herself Guardian of Holland and Zeeland (Tutrix de Hollandie et Zeelandie). After he came of age, she continued to advise him. She died in 1284 at Valenciennes, but in 1299, with the death of Floris' son John I, it was her own son John II who inherited Holland through her.

She gave Town privileges to Schiedam, which afterwards had the right to be called a city. In it she founded Huis te Riviere, which was then the second largest castle in Holland.

Jacob van Maerlant dedicated his first poem, Geesten, to Adelaide.


With John I, she had the following issue:[1]

  1. John II, Count of Hainaut and Holland (1247–1304)
  2. Baldwin (born after 1247, lived in 1299)
  3. Joanna, abbess of Flines (died 1304)
  4. Bouchard, Bishop of Metz (1251–1296)
  5. Guy, Bishop of Utrecht (1253–1317)
  6. William, Bishop of Cambrai (1254–1296)
  7. Floris, stadholder of Zeeland and Prince of Achaea (1255–1297)

See also


  1. "Ancestors of Paul Bailey MCBRIDE". Paul B. McBride's Genealogy. Archived from the original on 23 October 2006. Retrieved 11 November 2006. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


External links