Adult movie theater
Films and patrons
Adult movie theaters show pornographic films primarily for either a respectively heterosexual or homosexual audience. For the patrons, rules are generally less strict regarding partial- or full-nudity and public masturbation or sex, and such behavior may be condoned explicitly or otherwise by the management. Such behavior may or may not be legal, and if not, may or may not be overlooked by local law enforcement. Certain theaters may also include a strip- or sex-show between films, or other sex industry services.
Before the VCR and, later, the Internet, a movie theater or cinema house was often the only location where people could see hardcore adult films. The spread of home videos has led to a drastic reduction in the number of adult theaters.
The earliest adult theaters in the U.S. were in California, and showed 35mm low production quality independently produced films. In 1960 there existed about 20 theaters in the USA that showed adult movies exclusively. In the late 1960s and early 1970s they spread to the rest of the country. Small "storefront" theaters with only a few dozen seats sprang up, and by 1970, 750 porn theaters existed in the U.S. In the 1970s, theaters shifted from showing 35mm sexploitation films to more explicit 16mm "beaver" films. In the 1980s, some theater owners began forming chains to cut their costs, and, by 1989, the number of U.S porn theaters had fallen below 250.
Restrictions on adult theaters vary by region, and may be restricted by local and state regulations. Local governments commonly prohibit adult theaters from operating within a certain distance of residential areas, parks, churches and/or schools. Often adult theaters have been forced to move to the outskirts of cities in order to protect real estate prices in city centers. Renton, Washington was involved in a 1986 Supreme Court case regarding this issue. In its decision on City of Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc., the Court upheld Renton's statute that no adult theater be located within 1,000 feet of a school, park, church, or residential zone; the Court rejected the theater owners' argument that the statute violated the First Amendment, because the statute did not seek to ban the existence of adult theaters outright.
Something Weird videos sells DVDs of many of the movies that were previously played at porn theaters in the 1970s in the U.S.
In 2010, a law on sex companies was under consideration. In addition to municipal rules a national rule was introduced, requiring adult movie theatres to have a pornography display license. An advertisement of the company should contain its license number. The theater must have a sign outside showing the company is licensed, whilst inside, a copy of the license must be displayed.
Non-commercial sexual activities by and amongst clients would not require an additional license, but, prostitution on-premises, would require an additional prostitution company license.
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- See Seksbioscoop in Tabel 1 in . This number includes adult movie theatres with a TV-sized screen, see e.g. .
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