Al-Bayhaqi

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Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn al-Bayhaqi
Personal Details
Title Imam Al-Bayhaqi
Born 384 AH/994 CE
Died 458 AH/1066 CE
Era Islamic golden age
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i
Creed Ash'ari [1][2][3][4]
Main interest(s) Hadith, Shafi'i fiqh

Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Husayn Ibn 'Ali Ibn Moussa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi (Arabic) , البيهقي also known as Imam Al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384AH in the small town of Khusraugird near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan.[6] During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of aqeedah.[7][8][9]

Biography

Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh, of the Shafi'i school of thought as well as of that of hadith. He studied fiqh under Abu al-Fath Nasir ibn al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Naysaburi as well as Abul Hasan Hankari. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.[citation needed]

Works

Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi.[10] Among the most well-known books authored by him are:

  • Al-Sunan al-Kubra, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
  • Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar
  • Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
  • Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
  • Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
  • Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
  • Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
  • Shu`ab al-Iman (The branches of faith)
  • Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
  • Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)

References

  1. Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  2. Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  3. Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  4. Brown, Jonathan (2013). The Canonization of al-Bukhari and Muslim: The Formation and Function of the Sunni Hadith Canon (Islamic History and Civilization). Brill. p. 219. ISBN 9004158391. 
  5. Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, By Scott C. Lucas, pg. 98
  6. Imam Bayhaqi
  7. Ovamir Anjum, Politics, Law, and Community in Islamic Thought: The Taymiyyan Moment (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization) 2012, p 142. ISBN 1107014069
  8. Gibb, H.A.R.; Kramers, J.H.; Levi-Provencal, E.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1960]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume I (A-B). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 1130. ISBN 9004081143. 
  9. Holtzman, Livnat. “Does God Really Laugh?” - Appropriate and Inappropriate Descriptions of God in Islamic Traditionalist Theology. p. 185. 
  10. The Classification of Hadith, by Dr. Suhaib Hassan