Al-Manajir

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al-Manajir
المناجير
Menacîr
Village
al-Manajir is located in Syria
al-Manajir
al-Manajir
Location of al-Manajir in Syria
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Country  Syria
Governorate al-Hasakah
District Ras al-Ayn
Subdistrict Ras al-Ayn
Elevation Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 446: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value). m (Bad rounding hereFormatting error: invalid input when rounding ft)
Population (2004)[1] 12,156
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Geocode C5017
Website {{#property:P856}}

al-Manajir (Arabic: المناجير‎‎, Kurdish: Menacîr‎), often referred to as Manajir, Manajer or Manjar, is a large village in northwestern al-Hasakah Governorate, northeastern Syria. At the 2004 census, al-Manajir had a population of 12,156.[1]

Geography

al-Manajir lies on the right (southern) bank of Khabur River inmidst the fertile agricultural area of the Upper Khabur Valley, located around 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Ras al-Ayn and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of Tell Tamer. It administratively belongs to Nahiya Ras al-Ayn.

History

al-Manajir had a Syriac Christian majority with Kurdish and Arab minorities, until in 1973 Syrian president Hafez al-Assad commenced a large-scale settlement program, systematically settling Bedouins in the areas bordering Iraq and Syria to weaken the demographic dominance of the Kurds and keep the area under tighter control. After the best plots of land were redistributed to settlers of the Baggara tribe, it is said that most of the original inhabitants left the village.[2]

Syrian Civil War

During the Syrian Civil War, the region of Manajir has remained heavily contested between late 2012 and mid-2015.

Attacked by FSA rebels and allied Islamist fighters, the Syrian Army withdrew from its positions in Ras al-Ayn by the end of November 2012. The long Battle of Ras al-Ayn commenced, eventually leading to the Kurdish YPG taking control on 17 July 2013.

Kurdish capture of Manajir

In their subsequent Ras al-Ayn offensive, the YPG further advanced down the Khabur River area. In a final rush in early November, they captured one village after the other. On 5 November 2013 they successfully finished their offensive by capturing ISIS fighters to fully take control of Manajir.[3]

Battle of Manajir

The rebel fighters however weren't ready to give in. With Baggara leader Nawaf al-Bashir purportedly supporting them from his exile in Turkey, foreign fighters were joined by local Arabs and fellow tribesmen from further south.[2]

Early in the morning of 25 January 2014, a VBIED detonated at a YPG checkpoint near Manajir, killing two Kurdish and an Arab YPG fighter. The suicide bombing was immediately followed by an attack by Islamic State fighters with T-55 tanks. While ISIS and its allies lost 23 fighters, the YPG reportedly didn't suffer any further casualties, after reinforcement units of the YPG and YPJ turned the tide. It however turned out that some of the attackers were already in the village, obviously received by local people.[2]

Upper Khabur valley attack

On 21 February 2015, the YPG launched the Eastern al-Hasakah offensive, purging Jihadists from areas east of al-Hasakah. Two days later, the Islamic State answered with a revenge attack on dozens of villages in the Upper Khabur valley south of Tell Tamer, mostly with an ethnic Assyrian majority. In march, the Islamic State extended the attacks to the north, advancing into Kurdish-held areas around Manajir.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "2004 Census Data for Nahiya Ras al-Ayn" (in العربية). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Also available in English: UN OCHA. "2004 Census Data". Humanitarian Data Exchange. Retrieved 4 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Carl Drott (April 2014). "Syria: who can you trust in Manajir?". Le monde diplomatique. Retrieved 12 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Pieter van Ostaeyen (5 November 2013). "YPG advances throughout northeast Syria". Retrieved 12 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>