Al-Saadi Gaddafi

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Al-Saadi Gaddafi
Personal information
Full name Al-Saadi Muammar Gaddafi
Date of birth (1973-05-25) 25 May 1973 (age 48)
Place of birth Tripoli, Libyan Arab Republic
Height 1.84 m (6 ft 12 in)
Playing position Forward
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
2000–2001 Alahly Tripoli 24 (3)
2001–2003 Al-Ittihad Tripoli 74 (20)
2003–2004 Perugia 1 (0)
2005–2006 Udinese 1 (0)
2006–2007 Sampdoria 0 (0)
Total 76 (23)
National team
2000–2006 Libya 18 (2)

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

† Appearances (goals)

Al-Saadi Muammar Gaddafi (Arabic: الساعدي معمر القذافي‎‎; born 25 May 1973), is the third son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. He is a Libyan former association football player. In 2011, he was the commander of Libya's Special Forces and was involved in the Libyan Civil War.[1] An Interpol notice has been issued against him.[2] Gaddafi was a part of his father's inner circle.[3] On 5 March 2014, he was arrested in Niger and extradited to Libya, where he faces murder charges.[4] In August 2015, video surfaced allegedly showing Gaddafi being tortured.[5]

Football career

Gaddafi is known for his involvement in Libyan football. On 6 June 2000, the BBC reported that Gaddafi had signed with Maltese champions Birkirkara F.C. and would play for them in the Champions League.[6] The move failed to materialize.

Libyan football was arranged to favor Gaddafi. One law forbade announcing the name of any football player with the exception of Gaddafi. Only numbers of other players were announced. Referees favored Gaddafi's club and security forces were used to silence protests.[7][8]

He signed for Italian Serie A team Perugia in 2003, employing Diego Maradona as his technical consultant and Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson as his personal trainer.[9] He made only one substitute appearance before failing a drug test.[10] An article in la Repubblica said that "Even at twice his current speed he would still be twice as slow as slow itself."[11]

He was also captain of the Libya national football team, captain of his home club in Tripoli, and president of the Libyan Football Federation.[12]

Gaddafi joined UEFA Champions League qualifiers Udinese Calcio in 2005–06, playing only 10 minutes in an end-of-season league match against Cagliari Calcio.

He joined U.C. Sampdoria during season 2006–07, without playing a single match.

Career statistics

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Italy League Coppa Italia League Cup Europe Total
2003–04 Perugia Serie A 1 0
2004–05 Serie B 0 0
2005–06 Udinese Serie A 1 0
2006–07 Sampdoria Serie A 0 0
Total Italy 2 0
Career total 2 0

Business activities

In 2006, Al-Saadi Gaddafi and the Jamahiriya government launched a project to create a semi-autonomous city similar to Hong Kong in Libya, stretching 40 km between Tripoli and the Tunisian border. The proposed new city would become a high tech, banking, medical and educational center not requiring visas to enter. The city would have its own international airport and a major seaport. Gaddafi promised religious tolerance with both "synagogues and churches" and no discrimination in this new metropolis. The new city would have "Western-style" business laws that Saadi thought European and American companies would find welcoming and familiar.[13]

Gaddafi used to take great interest in the affairs of many of Libya's other business interests like Tamoil, the oil refining and marketing company owned by the Libyan government, before the overthrow of the regime.[13]

Italian lawsuit

In July 2010, Gaddafi was ordered by an Italian court to pay €392,000 to a luxurious Ligurian hotel for an unpaid bill dating back to a month-long stay in the summer of 2007.[14]

Personal life

Gaddafi is married to the daughter of al-Khweildi al-Hmeidi, a Libyan military commander.[15][16]

In 2009, a U.S. diplomatic cable called Gaddafi "the black sheep" of Muammar Gaddafi's family. It mentioned scuffles with European police, "abuse of drugs and alcohol, excessive partying" and "profligate affairs with women and men".[17] Gaddafi's bisexuality had partly prompted the arrangement of his marriage to the commander's daughter, the cable said.[16] Gay pornography was reportedly found among Gaddafi's possessions when his home was ransacked by looters after the fall of Tripoli.[18]

2011 to current

Libyan civil war

On 15 March 2011, there were unconfirmed reports that a pilot by the name of Muhammad Mokhtar Osman had flown his jet into the Gaddafi stronghold of Bab al-Azizia in Tripoli damaging it and injuring him and his brother Khamis.

Speaking to BBC Panorama, a former Jamahiriya soldier claimed that Gaddafi had personally ordered to shoot unarmed protesters in Benghazi when visiting the city's army barracks at the beginning of the uprising. Gaddafi confirmed that he had been at the barracks but denied giving orders to fire on protesters.[19]

Gaddafi was reportedly the driving force behind a change in fighting tactics of the government's forces. Instead of using heavy infantry, tanks and armored cars – which could easily be distinguished from the Free Libyan Army and then destroyed by allied fighter jets – the fight against the rebels was pursued with small, fast and versatile units.[20]

The rebels claimed that they captured him during the Battle of Tripoli, on 21 August, but later the claim turned out to be false.

On 24 August, Gaddafi contacted CNN, stating that he had the authority to negotiate on behalf of loyalist forces, and wished to discuss a ceasefire with U.S. and NATO authorities.[21] A week later he contacted Al Arabiya, stating his father was ready to step down, and called for dialogue with the National Transitional Council.[22]

On 5 September, Gaddafi said in an interview with CNN that an "aggressive" speech by his brother Saif al-Islam had led to the breakdown of talks between NTC forces and Gaddafi loyalists in Bani Walid, and said he had not seen his father in two months. Gaddafi also claimed a position of neutrality in the conflict and offered to mediate.[23]

On 11 September, Gaddafi fled to Niger and was allowed entrance on humanitarian grounds.[24][25] According to the government of Niger, they plan to detain Gaddafi while determining what to do with him.[26] Gaddafi had also been trying to assemble a team to transport him to Barbados or Venezuela.[27]

On 29 September, an Interpol red notice was issued for Gaddafi. Brigi Rafini, the prime minister of Niger said he would not allow Gaddafi to be extradited.[17]

On 11 November, Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou said his government had decided to grant Gaddafi asylum "on humanitarian grounds".[28]

On 7 December, the Mexican interior secretary said that Mexican intelligence agents broke up a smuggling ring attempting to bring Gaddafi into Mexico under a false name.[29]

Extradition and torture allegations

On 5 March 2014, Libya announced that Gaddafi had been extradited by Niger and was in Tripoli.[30] His lawyer, Nick Kaufman protested the move stating “extradition suggests that this was a legal process where Saadi Gadhafi was accorded a lawyer, a court hearing, and…it’s not even clear to me that that even took place”.[31]

In May 2015, Gaddafi appeared in a Tripoli court and was formally charged with unlawful imprisonment and murder for the 2005 killing of football player Bashir al-Riani.[32][33]

In early August 2015, video surfaced that appeared to show a blindfolded Gaddafi being forced to listen to other men allegedly being tortured in the next room. Then the guards beat the man appearing to be Gaddafi on the feet as he screams, after asking him if preferred to be beaten on the feet or on his buttocks. “It does appear to be Saadi Gaddafi,” one of his lawyers, Melinda Taylor, told RT. “He looks the same in sense [that] his head ... [had been] shaved which happened to him last year.” No legal team appears to be present.[34]

International human rights groups and activists condemned the video, which appeared to take place at al-Hadba prison in Tripoli, and was first released by Arabic network Clear News.[5]

"This is a shocking video that raises questions about conditions inside the prison,” said Karim Khan, a British attorney who represents Libya’s former prime minister Baghdadi Mahmudi, who is also at al-Hadba. “The international community needs to demand a full investigation."[5]

See also


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  2. "Interpol issues global alert on Gaddafi & 15 others". Al Arabiya News. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Inside Gaddafi's inner circle". Al Jazeera. 27 February 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Niger extradites Gaddafi's son Saadi to Tripoli, Libya says". Reuters. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 6 March 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Stephen, Chris (4 August 2014). "Saadi Gaddafi abuse video condemned by lawyers and rights groups". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Gaddafi in Champions League". BBC News. 6 June 2000.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Dorsey, James M. (5 June 2011). "Benghazi soccer exemplifies the battle between Arab autocrats and their detractors". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 15 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Whitaker, Brian (23 February 2011). "Muammar Gaddafi: method in his 'madness'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. White, Duncan (29 October 2011). "Jay Bothroyd puts good times with playboy Saadi Gaddafi, son of dead Libya tyrant Colonel Gaddafi, behind him". The National Post. Retrieved 30 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Greg Lea. "Football and the Gaddafi Family". The Set Pieces. Retrieved 6 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Shaw, Phil (2008). The Book of Football Quotations. Ebury Press. p. 32. ISBN 9780091923334.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Bell, Stewart (29 October 2011). "The Ontario man who helped Muammar Gaddafi's son flee Libya". The National Post. Toronto. Retrieved 29 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 Owen, David (1 October 2006). "Al-Saadi Gaddafi: Libya calling". The Independent. Retrieved 15 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Italian court tells Gaddafi son to pay huge hotel bill". BBC World News. 10 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "The Gaddafi family tree". BBC News. 21 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 "New York Times Kept Qaddafi's Son's Bisexuality Quiet". The Atlantic Wire. 16 September 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 Farmer, Ben (29 September 2011). "Libya: Gaddafi mouthpiece caught 'fleeing dressed as a woman'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  20. Wendl, Karl (30 March 2011). "Gaddafi trickst Rebellen aus". OE24 (in German). Retrieved 15 October 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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External links