Aleppo offensive (May 2016)

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Aleppo offensive (May 2016)
Part of the Battle of Aleppo (Syrian Civil War)
Date 3–11 May 2016
(1 week and 1 day)
Location Aleppo Governorate, Syria
Status

Minor rebel advances

  • Rebel attack on the al-Zahraa district repelled[8]
  • Rebels capture Khan Tuman and six other villages[10][11][12]
  • Syrian Army and allies recapture three villages[12]
Belligerents

Army of Conquest[1]

Jund al-Aqsa[1]
Army of Mujahedeen[4]
Harakat Nour al-Din al-Zenki[4]

Syria Syrian Arab Republic

 Iran

Shi'ite militias

Hezbollah[8]
Liwa al-Quds[9]
Commanders and leaders
Abu Aisha 
(Jund al-Aqsa top commander)[13]
Abu Alaa Ta’oum 
(Ahrar ash-Sham commander)[13]

Brigadier General Javad Dourbin  
(IRGC senior commander)[6]

Brigadier General Shafi Shafii  
(IRGC Quds Force senior commander)[6]
Units involved
Unknown

23x15px Syrian Army

IRGC

25px Iranian Army

Casualties and losses
104–164 killed[8][4][14] 112–154 killed,[6][14][15][16]
5 IRGC captured[6]
19 civilians killed[17]

The Aleppo offensive (May 2016) is a military offensive launched by the Syrian rebels to capture government-held areas in the west and southwest of the city of Aleppo, during the Syrian Civil War.

The offensive

On 3 May 2016, the al-Nusra Front detonated a tunnel bomb in the northwestern al-Zahraa district of Aleppo city. The bomb exploded under the ruined Air Force Intelligence Directorate building. The Al-Nusra Front, along with the Harakat Nour al-Din al-Zenki and Army of Mujahedeen then stormed the area,[4][17] capturing the Family House amusement park. Dozens of fighters on both sides were killed in the intense fighting between the jihadists and government forces, supported by Hezbollah.[8][18] In a subsequent counter-attack, the Syrian Army was able to recapture the areas they had lost.[8][4] Overall, 75 pro-government fighters died,[15] including 46 Palestinian militiamen from the Liwa al-Quds group who were killed in the tunnel bombing.[19] During the fighting on 3 May, rebel shelling of government-held areas of Aleppo, including the al-Dabit hospital, killed 19 civilians.[17]

On 5 May, the United States and Russia agreed on a cessation of hostilities in Aleppo for 48 hours. However, fighting continued in the city and surrounding areas.[20] The same day, the Army of Conquest militants, supported by Jund al-Aqsa and the Turkistan Islamic Party in Syria (TIP),[2] advanced and captured the village of Khalidiyah, west of Khan Tuman and southwest of Aleppo.[10][1] The rebels then launched artillery attack on Khan Tuman. During the fighting, the Army destroyed a car bomb with a rocket.[21] Around 7 a.m. on 6 May,[22] the rebels captured Khan Tuman, as well as five other nearby villages.[11][12][3][23] In all, 62 pro-government fighters and 57 rebels were killed in the rebel assault.[24] During the clashes, an air strike hit a heavy concentration of rebels, killing 18 fighters.[13]

Following the capture of Khan Tuman, hundreds of government reinforcements, including Palestinian militiamen, were sent to help recapture the town.[9] Preparations were being made for a counter-attack, with Russian air-strikes reportedly hitting rebel positions in the area.[25] On 7 May, government troops recaptured three villages.[12][26]

The counter-attack against Khan Tuman started on 8 May,[7] and was reportedly repelled.[27] By 11 May, the fighting in the area of Khan Tuman left 173 fighters dead on both sides and more than 300 wounded. Among those killed on the rebel side were 35 Turkistan Islamic Party members as well as a number of Uzbeks. Among pro-government dead were 55 Afghans, Iranians, Iraqis and Lebanese.[14]

Overnight between 11 and 12 May, heavy Russian air-strikes hit rebel positions in the area of Khan Tuman.[28][29]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Syrian opposition repels regime forces in S. Aleppo". Anadolu Agency. 5 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Jaysh al Fath coalition launches new offensive in Aleppo province". The Long War Journal.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Islamist rebels seize village near Aleppo, 73 killed: monitor". Reuters. 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Over 70 Jihadists killed in failed west Aleppo offensive". Al-Masdar News. 4 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. ABC News. "13 Members of Iran's Elite Force Killed in Syria". ABC News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 "IRGC, allies sustained significant losses in battle for Khan Touman". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 15 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Leith Fadel (8 May 2016). "Battle for southern Aleppo is under way as the Syrian Army attack Khan Touman". Al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Clashes Between Syrian Rebels, Government Forces In Aleppo Leave Dozens Dead". The World Post. 4 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Syrian Army, Liwaa Al-Quds send reinforcements to southern Aleppo". Al-Masdar News. 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 Leith Fadel (6 May 2016). "Jihadist rebels capture Khan Touman, Al-Khalidiyah in southern Aleppo". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 khaled. "أكثر من 73 قضوا وقتلوا خلال سيطرة جند الأقصى النصرة والفصائل على بلدة خان طومان وقرى قربها جنوب حلب". المرصد السورى لحقوق الإنسان. Retrieved 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Leith Fadel (7 May 2016). "Hezbollah, Syrian Army recapture 2 villages in southern Aleppo (video)". Al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Zen Adra (6 May 2016). "In pictures: Nusra loses top commanders in southern Aleppo". Al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 "More than 500 killed or wounded, during... - Syrian Observatory for Human Rights - Facebook". Retrieved 15 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 "75 casualties at least from the regime... - Syrian Observatory for Human Rights - Facebook". Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Chris Tomson (9 May 2016). "Russian Air Force obliterates rebel defences at Khan Touman, Aleppo". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 "Rebels launch assault in Syria's Aleppo, diplomats try to revive truce". Reuters. 2 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Zen Adra (3 May 2016). "Field Report: Islamist rebels storm Army position in west Aleppo. Map Update". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Chris Tomson (8 May 2016). "Deadly rebel tunnel bomb kills 46 government troops in Aleppo". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "U.S., Russia agree to extend truce to Aleppo". Reuters. 5 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Jihadist groups unleash offensive south of Syria's Aleppo". Business Standard. 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Activists: Insurgents seize village south of Aleppo". The Big Story. Retrieved 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "Qasion News Agency - Nusra front seize over Maarta village and Khantouman town". Retrieved 6 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Rose to 119 the number of fighters who... - Syrian Observatory for Human Rights - Facebook".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Leith Fadel (6 May 2016). "Russian Air Force strikes the jihadist rebels at Khan Touman". Al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. [1][2]
  27. "Qasion News Agency - Al-fateh army defeat attack by regime forces on Khan Toman". Retrieved 10 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. News Desk (12 May 2016). "Russian fighter jets pound southern Aleppo overnight". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 15 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Chris Tomson (12 May 2016). "Khan Touman on fire due to Russian airstrikes and artillery shelling". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 15 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>