Alexander Mackenzie Fraser

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Alexander Mackenzie Fraser
Alexander Mackenzie Fraser.jpg
Born 1758
Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died 13 September 1809
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1778–1809
Rank Lieutenant General
Battles/wars American war of Independence
Napoleonic Wars

Lieutenant General Alexander Mackenzie Fraser (1758 – 13 September 1809) was a British General. He was known as Mackenzie until he took additional name of Fraser in 1803.

Family and early life

The family of Fraser of Castle Fraser, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland are descended, on the female side, from the Honorable Sir Simon Fraser of Inverallochy, second son of Simon, eighth Lord Lovat, but on the male side their name is Mackenzie.[1]

Military service

Alexander Mackenzie (1758–1809), 9th Lord Fraser of Inverallochy

Educated at Aberdeen University,[2] he was commissioned into the 73rd Regiment of Foot in 1778.[2] He distinguished himself at the Great Siege of Gibraltar.[1] He later served during the American war of Independence where he was wounded, and serving during the British Campaign in Flanders where he temporarily commanded a brigade under Duke of York. He participated in the Cape of Good Hope expedition in 1796, and served in India from 1796 to 1800. From 1803 to 1805 he was assigned to the Home Staff, temporary commanding one of the infantry brigades (Hanoverian) of the King's German Legion in 1805. In 1806 he served under General James Henry Craig in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Naples during his service in Sicily.

He commanded the Alexandria expedition in 1807, invading Egypt on 16 March 1807 with 6,000 British troops. Mackenzie Fraser did first occupy Alexandria to secure the port as a base for Mediterranean operations and to prevent the French from making strategic use of it. Attempts to push inland, however, were not a success, with Fraser losing the two engagements at Rosetta (modern Rashid) on 29 March and 21 April, with two battalions suffering very heavy casualties, particularly in the later ambush. An agreement with Mohammed Ali for British troops to leave Egypt was finally signed on 19 September 1807.[3]

After Egypt he was given command of the 1st Division which was intended to be sent to aid Sweden in 1808 during the Russo-Swedish War in that year.

During the Peninsular War Mackenzie Fraser commanded the 3rd Division in Portugal and Spain during 1808-1809, and was present at the Battle of Corunna.


He again commanded a division during the Walcheren Campaign of 1809, dying from complications brought on by the illness he suffered there.[4]


External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
alternating constituency
Title last held by
Duncan Davidson
Member of Parliament for Cromartyshire
alternating constituency
Title next held by
Robert Bruce Aeneas Macleod
Preceded by
Sir Charles Lockhart-Ross, Bt
Member of Parliament for Ross-shire
1806 – 1809
Succeeded by
Hugh Innes