Alexandra of Yugoslavia

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Alexandra of Greece and Denmark
File:Queen Alexandra with her son, Alexander.jpg
Alexandra with her son
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
Tenure 20 March 1944 – 29 November 1945
Born (1921-03-25)25 March 1921
Athens, Greece
Died 30 January 1993(1993-01-30) (aged 71)
East Sussex, England
Burial 7 February 1993
Royal Cemetery, Tatoi Palace, Greece, then Oplenac, Topola, Serbia
Spouse Peter II of Yugoslavia
Issue Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
House Glücksburg
Father Alexander of Greece
Mother Aspasia Manos
Religion Eastern Orthodox
Styles of
Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia
Royal Monogram of Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia.svg
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Alexandra of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Αλεξάνδρα, Serbian: Александра/Aleksandra; 25 March 1921 – 30 January 1993) was Queen of Yugoslavia as the wife of the last King of Yugoslavia, Peter II, and mother of Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia.

Birth and inheritance

She was born five months after the death of her father, King Alexander of Greece, to his morganatic widow, Aspasia Manos.[1] His father, King Constantine I, was restored to the Greek throne a month after Alexander's death and returned to Greece from exile. His government officially treated the brief reign of his late son as a regency, which meant that Alexander's marriage, contracted without his father's permission, was technically illegal, the marriage void, and the couple's posthumous daughter, Alexandra, illegitimate.

At the behest of Alexander's mother, Queen Sophia, a law was passed in July 1922 which allowed the King to recognize the validity of marriages of members of the Royal family contracted without the Royal assent, even retroactively, although on a non-dynastic basis. King Constantine then issued a decree, gazetted on 10 September 1922, recognizing Alexander's marriage to Aspasia. Thus Alexandra became legitimate in the eyes of Greek law, but continued to be shunned and lacked the right of succession to the throne that dynastic princesses enjoyed under the monarchist constitution.[citation needed] As a result, instead of a first Greek queen regnant, she eventually became Yugoslavia's last queen consort.[2][3]

Hence, she and her mother were accorded the title "Princess of Greece and Denmark" and the style of Royal Highness.[4] This title was borne by non-reigning members of the Greek Royal Family, who also happened to be members of a cadet branch of the reigning dynasty of Denmark. They moved to Italy, then London, then lived at the Hotel Crillon in Paris.[1]

She was educated at Heathfield School, Ascot, followed by a finishing school in Paris.[1][5]

Marriage and later life

In 1944, she moved to London, where on 20 March at the Yugoslav Legation[6] she married her third cousin, the young King of Yugoslavia, Peter II, whom she had met in 1942. (Both were great-great-grandchildren of Queen Victoria, she through her paternal grandmother Sophia, Queen of the Hellenes, and he through his maternal grandmother, Queen Marie of Romania). Guests at the wedding included members of the British royal family, including King George VI and Queen Elizabeth; Henry, Duke of Gloucester; Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent; as well as other European royalty in exile, such as King Haakon VII of Norway and Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.[7]

On 17 July 1945 she gave birth to the Crown Prince in Suite 212 of Claridge's Hotel in Brook Street. The British Government ceded sovereignty over the suite to Yugoslavia just for one day, so that the prince would be born in Yugoslav territory, which was to be the only time Queen Alexandra was in Yugoslavia.[1]

The marriage deteriorated after the war and the declaration of a Communist republic in Yugoslavia; in the late 1940s Queen Alexandra left her husband, taking their son with her, after he had sold her jewels and most of their other remaining property.

After his death in 1970, she settled in East Sussex, where she died on 30 January 1993 after suffering for several years from cancer.[1][6]

She was buried in the former private Greek royal residence at Tatoi in Greece. In May 2013, her remains were transferred to Serbia for reburial in the crypt of the Royal Mausoleum at Oplenac. The reburial of HM King Peter II and his mother, HM Queen Maria of Yugoslavia, also took place at the same time, on 26 May 2013.[8]


She published an autobiography in 1956[9] and a biography of her fathers cousin, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1961.[10]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 25 March 1921 – 20 March 1944: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Greece and Denmark
  • 20 March 1944 – 29 November 1945: Her Majesty The Queen of Yugoslavia
  • 29 November 1945 – 3 November 1970 in pretense: Her Majesty The Queen of Yugoslavia
  • 3 November 1970 – 30 January 1993 in pretense: Her Majesty Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia



As daughter of Aspasia and granddaughter of Petros Manos and Maria Argyropoulos, she was the only scion of the Royal Family of Greece to be of recent Greek descent.[citation needed] Through her mother she descended from, among others, Phanariote Greeks from Constantinople. Like most European royal families, the Glücksburg dynasty, to which her husband belonged, was of predominantly German extraction.[citation needed]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Obituary: Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia". The Independent. 2 February 1993.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Diesbach, Ghislain de (1967). Secrets of the Gotha. translated from the French by Margaret Crosland. London: Chapman & Hall. p. 225.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Valynseele, Joseph (1967). Les Prétendants aux trônes d'Europe (in French). Paris. p. 442. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1973-03-06). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. ISBN 978-0-220-66222-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Repatriation of HM Queen Alexandra Remains to Serbia". The Royal Family of Serbia. 9 May 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Alexandra of Yugoslavia Is Dead; Queen Without a Throne Was 71". The New York Times. 1 February 1993.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Wedding of HRH Princess Alexandra of Greece & Denmark to King Peter II of Yugoslavia. 20th March 1944, London".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Mendick, Robert; Sawer, Patrick (28 April 2013). "Yugoslavia's exiled Queen returns home at long last". The Daily Telegraph.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  10. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  12. 12.0 12.1 , [1] queen Alexandra wears the Star of Karađorđe on her right shoulder and star of the White Eagle on her right stomach


  • Marlene Eilers König, Descendants of Queen Victoria.
Alexandra of Yugoslavia
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 25 March 1921 Died: 30 January 1993
Yugoslavian royalty
Title last held by
Maria of Yugoslavia
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
20 March 1944 – 29 November 1945
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Queen consort of Yugoslavia
29 November 1945 – 3 November 1970
Title next held by
Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza

External links