América Futebol Clube (MG)

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América
Badge of América Futebol Clube
Full name América Futebol Clube
Nickname(s) Coelho (Rabbit)
Founded April 30, 1912; 107 years ago (1912-04-30)
Stadium Estádio Independência, Belo Horizonte
Ground Capacity 23,018
Chairman Brazil Marcos Salum
Head coach Brazil Givanildo Oliveira
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2015 Série B, 4th (promoted)
Website Club home page

América Futebol Clube (also known as América Mineiro or simply América) is a Brazilian multisports club from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Although the club competes (or has competed) in a number of different sports, it is well known for its professional association football team. As of 2015, it plays in the Campeonato Mineiro, Minas Gerais's premier league, as well as in the Brazilian Second Division, and in the Brazilian Cup. América will be playing in the Brazilian First Division in 2016.

Founded in 1912, the club preserves its name and crest since its inception. The original home kit colors are white and green only; the black color was incorporated in the 1970s.[1] The team switched to a red home kit between 1933 and 1942, as a protest to the introduction of professionalism into football.[2] It hosts its matches at Independência stadium, being the only professional club in Belo Horizonte to have its own stadium.[3] The club has the third largest number of supporters among the teams from Minas Gerais.[4][5]

América is one of the most traditional and successful teams from Minas Gerais. It has won the state championship 15 times, and finished as runners-up in another 15 occasions. The first 10 victories were in a row, between 1916 and 1925, being the national record of successive accomplishments (together with ABC); the most recent was in 2001. Other major accomplishments were the Brazilian Second Division in 1997, South-Minas Cup in 2000, and Brazilian Third Division in 2009.

The club has a long reputation in forming young talents in football.[6] Among others, it has revealed the world-class players Tostão, Éder Aleixo, Yuji Nakazawa, Gilberto Silva, Fred and Danilo.

History

On April 30, 1912, a group of young men who played football purely for the love of the game, decided to turn their team into a football club.[7] In the first meeting, the founders decided that the name of the club would be América Foot-Ball Club,[8] and the colors would be green and white.[7] The first matches were played on the mayor's field.[7] In 1913, América and Minas Gerais Futebol Clube fused, and the club changed its colors to green, white and black.[9] Between 1916 and 1925, the team won ten state championships in a row.[9]

In 1933, as a protest to the professionalization of Brazilian football, the club changed its colors to red and white.[7] In 1943, the club professionalized its football division, and returned to its previous colors.[7] In 1948, América won its first state championship as a professional club.[9]

In 1997, América won the Série B for the first time,[10] and in 2000, the club won the Copa Sul-Minas first edition, beating Cruzeiro in the final.[11] In 2004, after a poor performance in the Série B, América was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C,[12] and in 2007, the club finished in Campeonato Mineiro's last position, and was relegated to the following year's Campeonato Mineiro Second Division.[13] América won the Série C in 2009, beating ASA in the final.[14] The following year, the team was fourth at Série B and returned to the top level of the Brazilian championship after 10 years.[15] On June 14, 2013 América signed a cooperation contract with the Tahitian Football Federation, to develop under-20 national players.[16]

Symbols

The club's official anthem was composed by Vicente Motta. There are also two other anthems. The unofficial anthem, which was composed by Fernando Brant and Tavinho Moura, and the supporters anthem, whose lyrics were composed by Márcio Vianna Dias and it was sung by Fernando Ângelo.[17] América's mascot, was created by the cartoonist Fernando Pierucetti, and is a red-eyed white cartoon rabbit with clearly protruding teeth.[9]

Derbies

América's greatest rivals are Cruzeiro and Atlético Mineiro.[18] The derby between América and Atlético Mineiro is known as O Clássico das Multidões (The Derby of the Masses),[8] and was first played on November 15, 1913, in a friendly game that ended in a 1–1 draw.[19]

Achievements

Professional competitions

Winner (1): 1997
Winner (1): 2009
Winner (1): 2000
Winners (15): 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1948, 1957, 1971, 1993, 2001
Runners-up (14): 1915, 1930, 1931, 1942, 1948, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1964, 1973, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2012
Winner (1): 2005
Runners-up (3): 1977, 1980, 1984

Youth competitions

Winner (1): 2011
Winner (1): 1996
Winners (2): 2000, 2014
Runner-up (1): 1995

Current squad

As of December 2014.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Fernando Leal
Brazil GK Glauco
Brazil GK Glaycon
Brazil GK João Ricardo
Brazil DF Anderson Conceição
Brazil DF André
Brazil DF Bryan
Brazil DF Carlos Renato
Brazil DF Patrick
Brazil DF Robertinho
Brazil DF Wesley Matos
Brazil MF Diego Henrique
Brazil MF Henrique Campos (on loan from Portuguesa)
Brazil MF Jardson Sapé
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Júnior Lemos
Brazil MF Kaio
Brazil MF Leandro Guerreiro
Brazil MF Pedrinho
Brazil MF Thiago Santos
Brazil FW Bruno Sávio
Brazil FW Diney
Brazil FW Felipe Amorim (on loan from Goiás)
Brazil FW Henrique
Brazil FW Marcelo Toscano
Brazil FW Rodrigo Silva
Brazil FW Rubens
Brazil FW Tony
Brazil FW Willie (on loan from Vitória)

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Danilo (to Sport Recife)

First-team staff

Position Name Nationality
Head coach Givanildo Oliveira  Brazil

Notable players

Notable managers

References

  1. "História Do Uniforme" (in português). América Futebol Clube. Retrieved 2016-01-08. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Miguel Jabur. "América Vermelho (1930-1942)" (in português). Acervo do América. Retrieved 2015-05-18. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Miguel Jabur. "A história do Estádio Independência" (in português). Acervo do América. Retrieved 2015-04-07. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "MG tem torcida de todo o país, e RS é o estado mais fechado a times de fora" (in português). Globoesporte.com. 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2015-01-04. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Flamengo e Corinthians lideram levantamento de torcidas no país" (in português). UOL. 2004-10-04. Retrieved 2015-04-01. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Vinícius Las Casas (2013-04-29). "América se notabiliza na formação de talentos no futebol" (in português). Hoje em Dia. Retrieved 2015-03-06. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "América Mineiro" (in Portuguese). Arquivo de Clubes. Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "América x Atlético" (in Portuguese). Clássicos do Futebol Brasileiro. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro Lance Volume 1. Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A. 2001. p. 118. ISBN 85-88651-01-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Brazil 1997 Championship – Second Level (Série B)" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. February 18, 2000. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Copa Sul-Minas 2000" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. August 25, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Brazil 2004 Championship – Second Level (Série B)" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. December 5, 2004. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Minas Gerais State Championship 2007" (in Portuguese). RSSSF. May 30, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "América-MG vence o ASA e conquista o título da Série C" (in Portuguese). UOL Esporte. September 19, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "América-MG segura empate, no sufoco, e garante retorno à Série A" (in português). UOL. 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2015-05-06. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "América e Taiti iniciam parceria Três atletas sub-20 devem fazer período de adaptação no clube" (in português). América Futebol Clube. Retrieved 2015-03-06. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Hinos do América" (in Portuguese). América Futebol Clube (MG) official website. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "De férias, Alex Mineiro pode voltar ao futebol brasileiro" (in Portuguese). Último Segundo iG. December 15, 2006. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved August 28, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "América x Atlético – Resultadoa" (in Portuguese). Clássicos do Futebol Brasileiro. Retrieved October 6, 2008. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links