Amazonas before the Inca Empire

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The department of Amazonas in Peru close to the Andes but within the Amazon forest – has a millennial history.


Prehistoric evidence on rocky walls includes the rock paintings of Chiñuña-Yamón and Limones-Calpón in the province of Utcubamba. Some of these haughty pictorial samples were made by people who had a hunting economy 6 or 7 thousand years ago.

By the time the Peruvian civilization was already formed, there appeared a type of ceramics mainly identified in Bagua.


From Chachapoyas culture, there are many architectural remains, such as Cuélap, Congón (now called Vilaya), Olán, Purunllacta (now called Monte Peruvia), Pajatén, etc. All these structures appear to be related, but their age and order of construction are unknown.

See also