American military intervention in Cameroon

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American military intervention in Cameroon
Part of the Boko Haram insurgency
Boko Haram in Lake Chad Region.png
Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Region, on 14 March 2015
Date 14 October 2015 – present
(3 years, 8 months, 1 week and 4 days)
Location Cameroon
Result Ongoing
Belligerents
 United States of America

 Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[1]

Ansaru[2][3]
Commanders and leaders
United States Barack Obama Abubakar Shekau
Mallam Sanni Umaru[4]
Mohammed Yusuf 
Abu Usmatul al-Ansari
Abu Jafa’ar
Strength

US Army:

  • 300 troops
  • Surveillance Drones

ISIL:

The American military intervention in Cameroon began in October 2015, when President Barack Obama ordered U.S. forces to be dispatched to the region, in order to support African forces in a non-combat role, in their war against Islamic terrorists in West Africa.

Background

From 2009, the slowly simmering Boko Haram insurgency greatly intensified. From 2013 the local Islamist insurgency became large enough to threaten regional stability. In 2015, Abubakar Shekau, the leader of Boko Haram pledged loyalty to ISIL, prompting great American concern.[6]

Deployment

With the invitation of the Cameroonian government secured in early October 2015, the US began to deploy 300 troops.[7] The troops' primary missions will revolve around providing intelligence support to local forces, as well as conducting reconnaissance flights.[8]

The troops are also overseeing a program to transfer American military vehicles to the Cameroonian Army to aid in their fight against Islamist militants.[9]

As of May 2016, U.S. personnel are involved in drone operations from Garoua to help provide intelligence in the region to assist local forces, there are additional drone operations based out of Niger.[10]

See also

Notes

References

  1. "Boko Haram swears formal allegiance to ISIS". Associated Press. Fox News. March 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Sudarsan Raghavan (31 May 2013). "Nigerian Islamist militants return from Mali with weapons, skills". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Steve White (13 March 2013). "Nigerian hostage deaths: British hostage executed in error". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 29 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Nigeria: Boko Haram Resurrects, Declares Total Jihad". allAfrica.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "How Big Is Boko Haram?". 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Crilly, Rob. "Boko Haram swears allegiance to Isil". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Obama to deploy 300 US troops to Cameroon to fight Boko Haram | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "US troops deployed to Cameroon for Boko Haram fight". Al Jazeera English. 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2015-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "US Sending Troops, Vehicles To Cameroon To Combat Boko Haram". Defensenews.com. 2015-10-20. Retrieved 2015-10-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "U.S. special forces wage secretive 'small wars' against terrorists". CNN. 12 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links