||This article documents a current event. Information may change rapidly as the event progresses, and initial news reports may be unreliable. The last updates to this article may not reflect the most current information.|
|File:Andrew McCabe official portrait.jpg|
|Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation|
February 1, 2016 – January 29, 2018
|Preceded by||Mark F. Giuliano|
|Succeeded by||David Bowdich (Acting)|
|Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
May 9, 2017 – August 2, 2017
|Preceded by||James Comey|
|Succeeded by||Christopher A. Wray|
|Born||Andrew George McCabe
March 18, 1968 
Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
|Education||Duke University (BA)
Washington University in St. Louis (JD)
Andrew George McCabe (born March 18, 1968) is an American attorney who served as the Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from February 2016 to January 2018.
From May 9, 2017, to August 2, 2017, McCabe was the Acting Director of the FBI after James Comey was dismissed by President Donald Trump. U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions stated that McCabe was one of several candidates under consideration for Director. President Trump ultimately chose Christopher A. Wray, the former Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department's Criminal Division, to succeed Comey. Once Wray was sworn in, McCabe returned to the position of Deputy Director.
On January 29, 2018, McCabe stepped down from his position as Deputy Director of the FBI. He was fired by Attorney General Jeff Sessions on March 16, 2018, only 26 hours before his scheduled retirement.
McCabe was born in 1968. He graduated from The Bolles School in Jacksonville, Florida, in 1986. He graduated from Duke University in 1990 and obtained a J.D. degree from Washington University in St. Louis in 1993. During law school he interned in the criminal division of the United States Department of Justice. Because of a hiring freeze, McCabe spent three years in a private law practice before joining the FBI in 1996 in Philadelphia.
McCabe began his FBI career in the New York Field Office in 1996. While there, he was on the SWAT team. In 2003, he began work as a supervisory special agent at the Eurasian Organized Crime Task Force. Later, McCabe held management positions in the FBI Counterterrorism Division, the FBI National Security Branch and the FBI's Washington Field Office. In 2009, he served as the first director of the High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group, a program to research interrogation techniques that was created after the Department of Defense Directive 2310 ban of waterboarding and other interrogation techniques. McCabe was part of the investigation of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing. McCabe secured the arrest of Ahmed Abu Khattala for suspected involvement in the 2012 Benghazi attack.
The Inspector General of the Department of Justice and the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee are investigating McCabe for concerns that he should have recused himself from the investigation of Hillary Clinton's use of a private email server because of a potential conflict of interest caused by donations to his wife's Virginia State Senate campaign. FBI documents released in January 2018 showed that McCabe had in 2015, before his wife ran for political office in Virginia, notified the FBI about his wife's plans and consulted with the FBI about how he would avoid a conflict of interest. The documents showed that McCabe followed FBI protocol regarding potential conflicts of interest. McCabe did not oversee the Clinton email server probe while his wife was running for office and he was excluded from FBI investigations into public corruption cases in Virginia. According to USA Today, "the internal documents, published on the FBI's website, support what the bureau has asserted previously: that McCabe had no conflicts when he assumed oversight of the Clinton investigation. His role began in February 2016, following his appointment as deputy director and three months after his wife, Jill McCabe, lost her bid for a state Senate seat."
On May 9, 2017, McCabe became acting director of the FBI after Trump dismissed Comey as director. In the absence of a Senate-confirmed director, the deputy director automatically becomes acting director. Statute allows the president to choose an interim FBI director (acting director) outside of the standard order of succession. That process began on May 10, 2017, as Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein interviewed four candidates to serve as interim FBI director. Sessions said that McCabe was "also under consideration." Shortly after Trump fired Comey, McCabe visited the White House for an introductory meeting in the Oval Office with the president, during which time the president asked McCabe who he had voted for in the 2016 election.
The Wall Street Journal published on October 20, 2016, an account of Justice Department and FBI internal deliberations regarding an investigation of the Clinton Foundation that began in 2015. Four FBI field offices — New York, Los Angeles, Washington and Little Rock — were pursuing the investigation, with some field agents advocating that it be aggressively continued, while some supervisors and prosecutors believed there was insufficient evidence and that the investigation was too expansive. In July 2016, McCabe decided that the New York FBI office would continue investigating, with assistance from Little Rock. The Journal reported that a senior Justice Department official called McCabe to express his disagreement with this decision, with McCabe reportedly asking, "Are you telling me that I need to shut down a validly predicated investigation?," to which the unnamed official replied, “Of course not.”
Trump has criticized McCabe on several occasions, including reportedly calling him to complain that Comey had been allowed to fly home from Los Angeles on a government plane after his abrupt dismissal, and suggesting that McCabe ask his wife "how it feels to be a loser." In January 2018 it was reported that Attorney General Sessions had been pressuring FBI Director Wray to fire McCabe. However, Wray refused and reportedly threatened to resign if McCabe was removed. Some Trump supporters have characterized McCabe as belonging to a secretive "deep state" that seeks to subvert the president. The Nunes Memo, which alleges improper activities in seeking a warrant to surveil former Trump associate Carter Page, asserts that McCabe "testified before the [House Intelligence] Committee in December 2017 that no surveillance warrant would have been sought from the FISC without the Steele dossier information," which dossier many Trump supporters insist is completely false. However, McCabe's testimony was in classified session and no public transcript is available to confirm the Nunes memo assertion; disclosing contents of the classified testimony would be unlawful. The Nunes memo also asserts that a text message from Peter Strzok discusses "a meeting with Deputy Director McCabe to discuss an “insurance” policy against President Trump’s election." However, The Wall Street Journal reported on December 18, 2017, that Strzok associates said the "insurance policy" meant the FBI continuing its investigation into possible collusion between Trump and Russians, in case Trump won the election against long odds. The person Strzok had texted, Lisa Page, had previously suggested there was no urgency to the investigation because Hillary Clinton was certain to be elected.
McCabe announced his resignation as deputy director on January 29, 2018, and had been on leave until his scheduled retirement date on March 18, 2018. On March 14, 2018, the FBI's Office of Professional Responsibility recommended that McCabe should be fired because of an internal report that he misled investigators about his decision to allow FBI officials to give information about the Clinton Foundation investigation to the media. The decision of whether to fire him was up to Attorney General Sessions, who fired him on March 16, 2018. McCabe told The New York Times, "The idea that I was dishonest is just wrong. This is part of an effort to discredit me as a witness." McCabe was dismissed less than two days before he would have collected a full early pension for his FBI career. He may have to wait until age 57-62 to begin collecting pension benefits.
McCabe is married to Jill McCabe, a pediatrician, who was a Democratic candidate for the Virginia state senate in 2015. They have two children, a son and a daughter. McCabe is a triathlete who biked 35 miles to work from his home in Virginia.
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Mark F. Giuliano
|Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
|Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Christopher A. Wray