Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

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Antoine d'Orléans Duque Montpesier.jpg
Duke of Montpensier
Predecessor Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Successor Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Born (1824-07-31)31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died 4 February 1890(1890-02-04) (aged 65)
Palacio de Orléans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Burial (1890-02-08)8 February 1890
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Spouse Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
among others...
Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Full name
Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans
House Orléans
Father Louis-Philippe of France
Mother Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism

Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Marriage and issue

On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.

They had ten children:

1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.

2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)

3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)

4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)

5. [?] (1857-1857)

6. Fernando (1859–1873)

7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.

8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)

9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons:

    ** Infante Alfonso (1886–1975), 5th Duke of Galliera (1930–37), who married Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh, daughter of Prince Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and had three sons, though only the oldest one left issue. General of the Spanish Air Force.
    ** Infante Luís (1888–1945), who married Marie Charlotte Say (1857–1943). No issue.

10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)

Candidate for the Ecuadorian throne

There are several documents, mostly diplomatic correspondence between Latin American embassies settled in London, in which the personal participation of the king Louis Philippe I is presumed in the plans to create a Kingdom of Ecuador traced by the former president Juan Jose Flores, because the French Government officially denied the support when those were presented in Paris some weeks before. For this, the King bring his own money in exchange for placing one of his descendants in the Ecuadorian throne.[1][2]

According to Francisco Michelena Rojas, Ecuador's ambassador in London, the plans would have been echoed in the major European Courts with interests in America. Michelena mainly accused France of stirring in different ways to establish its domination, offering their princes under family alliances, or their protectorate, trying to influence governments against national interests and humiliating their novel nationalities. For this, the money needed for the expedtition probably coming from the king Louis Philippe I.[3]

In the other hand Manuel Moreno, Argentina's ambassador in London, also suspected the French intervention in Ecuador, believing that the candidacy to the throne offered to Agustín Muñoz of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, third child of the second marriage of the Queen Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, was only apparent and provisional, and that basically everything was run by the French monarch to end with the other part of the Treaty of Utrecht, and bring the House of Orléans to Latin America. Moreno based his hypothesis on the strategic marriage between the duke Antoine and the Spanish infanta Luisa Fernanda, also daughter of Maria Christina in her first marriage with the king Fernando VII, for whose benefit would actually be the future monarchy their pretend to set up in America from Ecuador.[3][4]

Candidate for the Spanish throne

Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.

In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.

On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Royal styles of
HRH The Duke of Montpensier
Blason duche fr Orleans (moderne).svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles

France/ France

  • 13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
  • 16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier


  • 10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
  • 10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier

The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal and Serene Highness the Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).





  1. Vélez Ochoa, Ricardo (2006). The shipwrecked species (in spanish). Bogotá: Javerian Pontifical University. p. 146.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Van Aken, Mark. King of the Night: Juan José Flores and Ecuador 1824-1864. United States: University of California Press. p. 216. Retrieved April 18, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Orrego Penagos, Juan Luis. "The general Juan José Flores and Perú". Rumbo al Bicentenario. December 2003. Retrieved April 17, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Cervera, César (May 19, 2015). "María Luisa Fernanda of Bourbon, the daughter of Fernando VII who wanted to reign in Ecuador and almost did in Spain" (in spanish). Madrid. Retrieved July 11, 2015.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 31 July 1824 Died: 4 February 1890
French nobility
Title last held by
Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Duke of Montpensier
16 August 1830 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Italian nobility
Title last held by
Maria Brignole-Sale
Duke of Galliera
9 December 1888 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Infante Antonio