Antonio Cubillo

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Antonio de León Cubillo Ferreira (3 June 1930 - 10 December 2012) was a terrorist,[1] politician, lawyer, and independentist militant of the Canary Islands.

Cubillo was born on 3 June 1930 in San Cristóbal de La Laguna and received a law degree from the University of La Laguna.[2] He was married and had 3 children.[2] He died on 10 December 2012 at his home in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.[2]

Biography

He founded the Canary Islands Independence Movement in 1963.[3] While exiled in Algiers,[4] escaping the Francoist dictatorial regime, Antonio Cubillo began a campaign to claim independence from the Spanish rule in the late 1970s.[3] In 1978 he was crippled in an assassination attempt linked to the security forces of the Spanish Ministry of the Interior.[5] After the movement was disbanded in 1982 (following the creation of the Canary Islands Autonomous Community), he was able to return to Spain and found a democratic party in 1985.[6] the National Congress of the Canaries. In 2002, the Madrid supreme court recognized that the Government of Spain committed a crime of State terrorism against his person in 1978 and paid him damages him as a result. To this day, this is the first time the State officially recognized it engaged into crimes state against civilians. In 2011, a documentary called, "Cubillo, The story of a state crime" was diffused on National TV highlighting the role of the State.

Cubillo's core claims have always been that the Canary Islands could be better off if it could keep and develop more of its resources for greater autonomy levels from Madrid. He claimed that the resources are considerable in terms of tourism, geo-political locations for maritime traffic development, fishing fields, oil fields and natural energy resources. The movement he founded, however, failed to attract public support among Canarios owing to its violent nature.[7] The organizations that have succeeded it, such as the Popular Front of the Canary Islands (FREPIC), have remained largely marginal.[8]

However in reports from 1977 it is stated that Cubillo claimed his organisation were responsible for the bomb, but that he made this claim from Algiers and was not in Gran Canaria. No mention is made of the bomb threat of a second bomb.

References

  1. Interior indemnizará con 150.253 euros a Antonio Cubillo por asesinato frustrado
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Fallece Antonio Cubillo, líder del Movimiento por la Independencia canaria". El Mundo (Spain) (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 December 2012.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 O'Brien, Sally; Sarah Andrews; Chris Andrews; Miles Roddis (2004). Canary Islands. Lonely Planet. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-74059-374-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Thompson, Virginia McLean (1980). The western Saharans: background to conflict. Taylor & Francis. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-389-20148-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Woodworth, Paddy (2001). Dirty war, clean hands: ETA, the GAL and Spanish democracy. Cork University Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-85918-276-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. El Guanche
  7. Canarias Semanal
  8. Historia electoral, Coalición Canaria