Anwar Bannud

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Anwar Bannud
أنور بنود
Chief of Staff of the Syrian Army
In office
2 January 1950 – 23 April 1951
Preceded by Sami al-Hinnawi
Succeeded by Fawzi Selu
Personal details
Born 1908
Aleppo, Ottoman Syria
Died 1979 (aged 70–71)
Nationality Syrian
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Allegiance
Rank Brigadier

Anwar Bannud (Arabic: أنور بنود‎‎) (1908–1979) was a Syrian career military officer who served as the chief-of-staff of the Syrian Army from 1950 to 1951.[1]

Career

Early career

Bannud began his military career at the Military Academy in Damascus. After his graduation in 1925, he served as an officer in the Army of the Levant. His service was distinguished and he rose quickly in the ranks to become a Colonel, the only Syrian officer to achieve that rank under the French mandate.[2] In 1944 Bannud was appointed director of the Homs Military Academy, where he encouraged students to mutiny against the French occupation forces.[1]

Independence

The last French troops left Syria in 1946 and the country regained its independence, and Bannud joined the newly established Syrian Army. When the 1948 Arab–Israeli War began, Bannud joined the Arab Liberation Army (ALA) under Fawzi al-Qawuqji, and became a commanding officer in the war. The Syrian 1st armoured squadron, under Bannud's leadership, was defeated in the Samakh region, but he was able to hold on to the Bridge of the Daughters of Jacob and the settlements of Mishmar HaYarden and Mishmar HaGolan.[1][3] When Qawuqji resigned from his post, Bannud replaced him as commander of the ALA on 26 October 1948.[1]

Bannud blamed the civilian leadership in Damascus for the defeat in 1948 War, and supported the military coup of Chief-of-Staff Husni al-Zaim in March 1949 that overthrew President Shukri al-Quwatli. Bannud was appointed deputy chief-of-staff. However, he became disillusioned with al-Zaim's leadership and participated in a military coup against him on 14 August 1949. Four months later, Bannud, the commander of Aleppo garrison at the time,[4] supported Adib Shishakli in a third successive coup in December 1949.[1] As a reward for his loyalty, Shishakli, while preferring himself to stay behind the scenes as deputy chief-of-staff, appointed Bannud as chief-of-staff on 2 January 1950.[5]

Nevertheless, his popularity in the army arose Shishkali's suspicion, and Bannud was dismissed on 23 April 1951, and exiled under the pretense of a military attaché post at the Syrian embassy in Ankara, Turkey. Bannud obliged, and he served at his post until the 1954 military coup that overthrew Shishakli's government.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Moubayed, 2006, pp. 45-46.
  2. Moubayed, 2000, p. 41.
  3. Nowar, 2003, p. 200
  4. Haddad, 1965, p. 208.
  5. Seale, 1986, p. 92.

Bibliography