Archaeological sites in Colombia

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Photograph of Tayrona gold pendants in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Repatriation of archaeological treasures is a very important issue for the Colombian government[1]

Archaeological sites in Colombia are numerous and diverse, including findings and archaeological excavations that have taken place in the area now covered by the Republic of Colombia. The archaeological finds and features cover all periods since the paleolithic,[2] representing different aspects of the various cultures of ancient precolumbian civilizations, such as the Muisca, Quimbaya and Tayrona among many others. Preservation and investigation of these sites are controlled mainly by the Ministry of Culture, the National Institute of Anthropology and History,[3] and the Bank of the Republic. The lack of funding to protect sites and enforce existing laws, results in large scale looting and illegal trading of artifacts.[4]


Year Period Site Image
15000 BC-10000 BC Pleistocene El Abra Alb.jpg
6000-5000 BC Neolithic Monsú and Puerto Hormiga archaeological site. LBK-Pottery.jpg
2500 BC-1500 BC Muisca formative stage El Infiernito Villa de Leyva el infiernito.jpg
1600BC- 500BC Delayed Cacical El morro del tulcán 150px
600BC- 300AD Formative Sinu Malagana-Sonsoid Malagana
800 BC Early Tayrona Ciudad Perdida Lost City Ruins.jpg
200 BC Classic San Agustin San Agustín San Agustin parque arqueologic.jpg
200 BC- 600AD Classic Tierradentro Tierradentro Tombs in Tierra Dentro.jpg

See also