Archduchess Clementina of Austria

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Clementina of Austria
Princess of Salerno
Maria Clementine Austria Salerno 1798 1881.jpg
Born (1798-03-01)1 March 1798
Hofburg Palace, Vienna
Died 3 September 1881(1881-09-03) (aged 83)
Château de Chantilly, Chantilly, France
Burial Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples
Spouse Leopold, Prince of Salerno
Issue Maria Carolina, Duchess of Aumale
Full name
German: Maria Clementina Franziska Josepha
Italian: Maria Clementina Francesca Giuseppa
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholic

Clementina of Austria[1] (German: Maria Clementina Franziska Josepha[1] 1 March 1798 – 3 September 1881) was an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Salerno upon her marriage to Prince Leopold of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno.


Born at the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna, she was the third surviving daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, later Francis I of Austria after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, and his wife Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.[1]

Maria Clementina was a younger sister of Marie Louise, Empress of France, Ferdinand I of Austria, and Maria Leopoldina, Empress of Brazil. She was also an older sister of Marie Caroline, Crown Princess of Saxony, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, and Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria.[1]

Through her sister, Marie Louise, she was a sister-in-law of Napoleon I of France; through Maria Leopoldina a sister-in-law of Peter I of Brazil (IV of Portugal); through Marie Caroline a sister-in-law of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony.

Maria Clementina was married, 28 July 1816, at Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, to her mother's younger brother, Prince Leopoldo of the Two Sicilies,[1] Prince of Salerno, the youngest son of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria.

From their four children, only a daughter survived adulthood, Princess Maria Carolina of the Two Sicilies (1822–1869), who on 25 November 1844,[1] in Naples, married her paternal first cousin, Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale (1822–1897). Henri was the fourth (and second-youngest) surviving son of King Louis-Philippe of France and his wife Princess Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily.

Through their daughter, Maria Clementina and Leopoldo had seven grandchildren, two of whom reached adulthood. However, neither of these grandchildren married or produced children of their own.

Maria Clementina died 3 September 1881 at the Chateau de Chantilly, France, the home of her widowed son-in-law Duke Henry. She was eighty-three years old; all her descendants having predeceased her. She was buried at the Basilica of Santa Chiara in Naples.

Issue and family

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 1 March 1798 – 11 August 1804 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Clementina of Austria
  • 11 August 1804 – 28 July 1816 Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Clementina of Austria
  • 28 July 1816 – 10 March 1851 Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Princess of Salerno
  • 10 March 1851 – 3 September 1881 Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Princess of Salerno




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 van des Pas, Leo. "Archduchess Marie Clementine of Austria". Retrieved 2010-02-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Kaiserthumes Österreich (1868), p 110, Sternkreuz-Orden

External links

Media related to Archduchess Marie Clementine of Austria at Wikimedia Commons