Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria

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Archduchess Karoline Marie
Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
File:1869 Karoline.jpg
Born (1869-09-05)5 September 1869
Altmünster, Upper Austria, Austria–Hungary
Died 12 May 1945(1945-05-12) (aged 75)
Budapest, Hungary
Spouse Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Issue Prince August
Princess Klementine
Princess Maria Karoline
Prince Rainer
Prince Philipp
Princess Theresia
Princess Leopoldine
Prince Franz
Full name
German: Carolina Maria Immakulata Josepha Ferdinanda Therese Leopoldine Antoinette Franziska Isabella Luise Januaria Christine Benedikta Laurencia Justiniana
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria
Mother Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Archduchess Karoline Marie of Austria (German: Carolina Maria Immakulata Josepha Ferdinanda Therese Leopoldine Antoinette Franziska Isabella Luise Januaria Christine Benedikta Laurencia Justiniana, Erzherzogin von Österreich, Prinzessin von Toskana[1][2]) (5 September 1869, Altmünster, Upper Austria, Austria–Hungary[1][2] – 12 May 1945, Budapest, Hungary[1][2]) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and Archduchess and Princess of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany by birth. Through her marriage to Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Karoline was also a member of the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Karoline was the fourth child and second eldest daughter[1][2] of Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria and his wife Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.[1][2] She was Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Ladies Chapter of the Castle of Prague (1893-1894).[3]

Marriage and issue

Karoline married Prince August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second eldest son of Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his wife Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, on 30 May 1894 in Vienna.[1][2] Karoline and August had eight children together:[1][2]

  1. August Clemens (b. Pola, 27 October 1895 - d. Gerasdorf, 22 September 1908).
  2. Klementine (b. Pola, 23 March 1897 - d. Lausanne, 7 January 1975), married on 17 November 1925 to Eduard von Heller.
  3. Maria Karoline (b. Pola, 10 January 1899 - d. Hartheim bei Linz, 6 June 1941). She had been living in an institution for the mentally disabled in Schladming, but was taken away and executed by gassing along with her fellow patients as a result of the Nazi eugenics policy, Action T4, in the concentration camp at Schloss Hartheim.
  4. Rainer (b. Pola, 4 May 1900 - d. after 7 January 1945 (believed to have been killed in action at Budapest).
  5. Philipp (b. Walterskirchen, 18 August 1901 - 31 December 1994), married morganatically on 23 April 1944 to Sarah Aurelia Hálasz; their only son and their four grandchildren were barred from the succession of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Kohary.
  6. Theresia (b. Walterskirchen, 23 August 1902 - d. Villach, 24 January 1990), married on 6 October 1930 to Lamoral, Freiherr von Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra (Their descendants bore the surname Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança).
  7. Leopoldine (b. Schloß Gerasdorf, 13 May 1905 - d. Hungary, 24 December 1978).
  8. Ernst (b. Gerasdorf, 25 February 1907 - d. Gröbming, Styria, 9 June 1978), married morganatically on 4 September 1939 to Irmgard Röll. This marriage was childless.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 5 September 1869 – 30 May 1894: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess and Princess Karoline Marie of Austria; Princess Karoline Marie of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany
  • 30 May 1894 – 12 May 1945: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess August Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony, Archduchess and Princess of Austria, Princess of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany

Ancestry

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Karoline Marie Immaculee Erzherzogin von Österreich". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-11-28. External link in |publisher= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Paul Theroff. "TUSCANY". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2008-11-28.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/czech_eccleastical.htm