Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1770–1809)

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Archduchess Maria Anna
File:Maria Anna Austria 1770 1809 young.jpg
Archduchess Maria Anna.
Born 21 April 1770
Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Died 1 October 1809 (aged 39)
Neudorf, Romania
Burial Neudorf
Full name
Maria Anna Ferdinanda Josepha Charlotte Johanna
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain

Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (Maria Anna Ferdinanda Josepha Charlotte Johanna; 21 April 1770 - 1 October 1809) was an Archduchess of Austria by birth, and an Abbess at the Theresian Convent in Prague.


File:Archduke Leopold and Archduchess Maria Anna.jpg
Archduchess Maria Anna with his older brother Ferdinand, 1770, by Anton Raphael Mengs.

Maria Anna[1] was a daughter of Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745–1792). Maria Anna was born in Florence, the capital of Tuscany, where her father reigned as Grand Duke from 1765–90. Maria Anna was her parents' fourth child among sixteen children. Her father was a son of Empress Maria Theresa and her mother a daughter of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony. Though she had a happy childhood surrounded by her many siblings. As her siblings, Maria Anna was given a somewhat different upbringing than was usual given to royal children at the time: they were actually raised by their parents rather than a retinue of servants, were largely kept apart from any ceremonial court life and was taught to live simple, natural and modest.[2] She became Abbess at the Theresian Convent in Prague in 1791. She traveled to Neudorf, Arad where she died on 1 October 1809, at the age of 39 years. In 1841, the emperor Ferdinand I of Austria honoring the Archduchess commissioned the funerary plaque built of Carrara marble.

File:Funerary plaque of Maria Anna Ferdinanda of Habsburg.JPG
Burial place of Archduchess Maria Anna Ferdinanda of Habsburg


Titles and Styles

  • 22 April 1770 - 20 February 1790 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Princess of Tuscany
  • 20 February 1790- 1 October 1809 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia


  1. van de Pas, Leo. "Marie Anna, Archduchess of Austria".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Justin C. Vovk: In Destiny's Hands: Five Tragic Rulers, Children of Maria Theresa (2010)


  • Constantin Wurzbach, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaisertums Österreich, Vienna, 1861, Vol. VII, pp. 27–28 [1]