Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan
General Secretary of Communist Party of India
In office
Preceded by Indrajit Gupta
Succeeded by Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
Personal details
Born (1924-09-25)25 September 1924
Barisal, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)
Died 2 January 2016(2016-01-02) (aged 91)
Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Communist Party of India
Profession Politician, social worker

Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan (Marathi: अर्धेन्दु भूषण वर्धन) (25 September 1924 – 2 January 2016)[1] or A. B. Bardhan, was the former general secretary of the Communist Party of India (CPI), one of the oldest political parties in India.

Early life

Bardhan was born in Barisal, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh) on 25 September 1924. He embraced Communism at the age of 15 after he moved to Nagpur.[2] He joined the All India Students Federation at the Nagpur University in 1940.[2] He joined the Communist Party of India (which was then banned), the same year. He served as the President of the Nagpur University Students' Union. Bardhan held a postgraduate degree in economics and a degree in law.[2]

Trade Unionism & Politics

Bardhan worked with workers ranging from various sectors like textile, electricity, railways, defence etc. He contested several elections from Nagpur but was elected only once to the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly in 1957 as an independent candidate.[2][2] He was also instrumental in the integration of Maharashtra that led to its creation on May 1, 1960.

Bardhan entered national politics and moved to Delhi.[2] He became the General Secretary of the All India Trade Union Congress in 1994 and became the Deputy General Secretary of the Communist Party of India in 1995.

When Indrajit Gupta joined the United Front government as the Minister of Home Affairs (India), Bardhan succeeded him as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India following Gupta's resignation from the post of party's General Secretary. Bardhan served as the party's General Secretary from 1996 to 2002.[3]

He is rememebred for the campaign he initiated in response to Lal Krishna Advani’s Rath Yatra.[4][5][5] Bardhan always supported the cause of a secular India.[5]

Bardhan played a key role in the formation of the United Progressive Alliance government which was supported by the Communist Party of India.[2] Bardhan was also among those supported the candidature of Pratibha Patil, then Governor of Rajasthan, to the coveted post of the President of India.[2]


Bardhan suffered a paralytic stroke in December 2015. He was admitted to the hospital. He died on 2, January 2016 at a the Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital in New Delhi.[6][7][8]

His death was condoled by many including the President of India Pranab Mukherjee,[9] Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi[6][10] and Congress President Sonia Gandhi.[11]


  1. "Communist Party of India (CPI): The revolutionary life of Comrade A. B. Bardhan". Retrieved 2016-01-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 "CPI veteran Bardhan passes away: He embraced Communism at 15, remained committed till end". The Indian Express. 3 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. National Bureau. "CPI leader A.B. Bardhan dead". The Hindu.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Political Leaders Unite In Condoling AB Bardhan's Death". 2 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Veteran CPI leader A B Bardhan passes away". The Indian Express. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan Death". TelanganaNewspaper.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. [1]
  10. "PM Modi condoles veteran CPI leader AB Bardhan's demise". dna. 2 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "PM Modi condoles veteran CPI leader AB Bardhan's demise". Daily News and Analysis. 2 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>