Arizona Army National Guard
|Arizona Army National Guard|
Seal of the Army National Guard
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Arizona National Guard|
|Motto||Always Ready, Always there|
|Maj. Gen. Michael T. McGuire|
The Arizona Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately half of the U.S. Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Arizona Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Arizona National Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Arizona.
Currently, there are over 5,000 soldiers serving in the Arizona Army Guard.
In response to the Indian wars, the Arizona Army National Guard was formed on September 2, 1865. In 1898, hundreds of Arizonans joined the ranks of the Rough Riders during the Spanish–American War. The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system.
The 158th Infantry Regiment was created September 2, 1865, as the First Arizona Volunteer Infantry. Subsequent to Pancho Villa's murder of American civilians and soldiers in Columbus, New Mexico in 1916, the 1st Arizona Infantry was activated and headquartered at Camp Naco, Arizona and assigned border protection duties.
The regiment was drafted into Federal Service for World War I, 5 August 1917 as part of the 40th Infantry Division. Reorganization after the 1st World War assigned the 158th Infantry to the 45th Infantry Division. On 16 September 1940, the declaration of the National Emergency, the 158th Infantry joined its parent organization, the 45th Division at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. After being relieved by divisions in campaign after campaign across the Pacific, the 158th Infantry was selected to spearhead the final invasion of Japan.
Units from Arizona were called into action on September 26, 1940. The 158th Regimental Combat Team were given the name the "Bushmasters," named after the deadly Bushmaster snake in Panama. General Douglas MacArthur said that, "No greater fighting combat team has ever deployed for battle".
The 158th Infantry was demobilized and returned to state service following the end of World War II. It was redesignated in June 1967 as the 258th Infantry Brigade. It was subsequently reorganized and redesignated in August 1968 as the 258th Military Police Brigade. In August 1976 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 258th Support Center, later the 258th Rear Area Operations Center. The Cannon Company, 158th Infantry was reorganized as the 153rd Field Artillery Brigade (including units of the 180th Field Artillery Regiment (United States)). The 153 FA Bde was reorganized and redesignted as the 98th Troop command in 2006. In September 2010 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as the 158th Maneuver Enhanced Brigade. The 1st Battalion 180th Field Artillery was reorganized and redesignted in 2006 as the 1st Battalion, 158th Infantry and assigned as an element of the 29th Infantry Brigade Combat Team.
The Arizona National Guard has served the State through the Arizona Project ChalleNGe program. Since 1993 AZ Project ChalleNGe has offered an in-residence, voluntary, academy-style educational program for high school dropouts who wish to return to their educational goals.
National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary DutY Assignments, or TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant amount of individual activations to support military operations; the legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.
Active duty callups
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Camp Navajo, AZ
- 1st Battalion (Attack), 285th Aviation Regiment
- 2d Battalion (Assault), 285th Aviation Regiment
- 5th Battalion (Air Ambulance), 159th Aviation Regiment
- Recon Air Interdiction Detachment (RAID)
- Army Aviation Support Facility #1
- Western ARNG Aviation Training Site (WAATS)
- 158th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion
- 3666th Maintenance Company
- 850th Military Police Battalion (Headquarters, Headquarters Detachment)
- 855th Military Police Company, Phoenix, AZ
- 856th Military Police Company, Camp Navajo, AZ
- 860th Military Police Company, Tucson, AZ
- 1st Battalion, 158th Infantry Regiment
- 159th Finance Detachment
- 160th Finance Detachment
- 108th Army Band
- 222nd Transportation Company
- 2220th Transportation Company
- 215th Regiment (Regional Training Institute)
- 258th Rear Area Operations Center (deployed to OIF 5)
- 363rd Ordnance Company (EOD)
- 91st Civil Support Team (WMD)
- 996th Medical Company (Area Support)
- 253rd Engineer Battalion
- 194th Engineer Detachment (Fire fighter)
- 257th Engineer Detachment (Well Drilling)
- 258th Engineer Company (Horizontal)
- 259th Engineer Platoon (Quarry)
- 260th Engineer Detachment (Fire Fighter)
- 819th Engineer Company (Sapper)
- 1404th Transportation Company
- 2222nd Transportation Company
This section requires expansion. (May 2010)
- State Defense Forces
- Camp Naco, Arizona
- Coats of arms of U.S. Armor and Cavalry Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Artillery Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Infantry Regiments
- Coats of arms of U.S. Air Defense Artillery Regiments
- Center for Military History, http://www.history.army.mil/html/forcestruc/lineages/branches/av/285av.htm