Throughout history, armed priests or soldier priests have been recorded. Distinguished in the modern era from military chaplains who served the military or civilians as spiritual guidance (non-combatans), these priests took up arms and fought in conflicts (combatants). The term warrior priests is usually used for armed priests of the antiquity and middle ages, and of historical tribes.
In Greek mythology, the Curetes were identified as armed priests. In Ancient Rome, the Salii who were armed priests carried sacred shields through the city during the March festivals. Livy (59 BC–17 AD) mentions armati sacerdotes (armed priests). The Aztecs had a vanguard of warrior priests who carried deity banners and made sacrifies on the battlefield.
The "Pyrrhic" dance in Crete is said to have been the ritual dance of armed priests.
- Eastern Orthodoxy
- Vukajlo Božović, Serbian Orthodox archpriest, active during the Balkan Wars
- Bogdan Zimonjić (1813–1909), Serbian Orthodox priest, active during the 1852–62 and 1875–78 uprisings in Herzegovina
- Luka Lazarević, Serbian Orthodox priest, active during the Serbian Revolution
- Rista K. Popović (1870–1917)
- Jevto Popović
- Prokopije Vujišić
- Jovan Grković-Gapon
- Stevan Dimitrijević
- Bernardino de Escalante (1537–after 1605), Catholic priest
- Archbishop Turpin, Legendary (insofar as military accomplishments) member of Charlemagne's Twelve Peers d. c. 800
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- Cyril Bailey (1932). Phases in the Religion of Ancient Rome. University of California Press. pp. 69–. GGKEY:RFYRJLHJJDQ.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Roger D. Woodard (28 January 2013). Myth, Ritual, and the Warrior in Roman and Indo-European Antiquity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-1-107-02240-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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