|Administrative region of Greece|
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|• Regional governor||Rena Dourou (SYRIZA)|
|• Total||3,808.10 km2 (1,470.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-I|
Attica (Greek: Αττική, Attikí; IPA: [atiˈci]) is an administrative region that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the capital of Greece. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.
Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Piraeus, Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.
With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.
Roads and highways
The main roads and highways of Attica are:
- Motorway 1 (Athens-Thessaloniki)
- Motorway 6 (northern beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 8 (Eleusis-Corinth)
- Motorway 62 (Athens Airport link)
- Motorway 64 (eastern beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 65 (western beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 642
- Greek National Road 1 (old road Athens-Thessaloniki)
- Greek National Road 3 (Eleusis-Lamia-Florina)
- Greek National Road 8 (old road Athens-Patras)
- Greek National Road 79
- Greek National Road 83 (Marathonos Avenue)
- Greek National Road 89
- Greek National Road 91
Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and the "flying dolphins" (fast sea vessels), connect the port of Piraeus with the islands of the region.
- "Demographic and social characteristics of the Resident Population of Greece according to the 2011 Population - Housing Census revision of 20/3/2014" (PDF). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 12 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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