August 1937

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1937
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The following events occurred in August 1937:

August 1, 1937 (Sunday)

August 2, 1937 (Monday)

August 3, 1937 (Tuesday)

August 4, 1937 (Wednesday)

  • The Venezuelan National Guard was founded.
  • In Little Rock, Arkansas, the newly formed Society for the Booing of Commercial Advertisements in Motion Picture Theatres made its debut, booing loudly when corporate advertising appeared on the movie screen. Similar "booing clubs" soon began springing up elsewhere. In the 1930s and '40s movie houses experimented with running ads for commercial products alongside movie trailers, but many theatregoers resented the practice because, unlike the radio where ads were recognized as necessary, movies were not free.[4]
  • Born: David Bedford, composer and musician, in Hendon, London, England (d. 2011)
  • Died: K.P. Jayaswal, 55, Indian historian and lawyer; Hans Reck, 51, German volcanologist and paleontologist

August 5, 1937 (Thursday)

August 6, 1937 (Friday)

August 7, 1937 (Saturday)

  • The Japanese began to evacuate their concession at Hankou, citing "the steadily growing tension and a desire to percent an incident likely to aggravate the general situation."[8]
  • Born: Magic Slim, blues singer and guitarist, in Torrance, Mississippi (d. 2013)
  • Died: Henri Lebasque, 71, French post-Impressionist painter

August 8, 1937 (Sunday)

  • 3,000 Japanese soldiers conspicuously entered Beiping without resistance. Japanese warplanes dropped propaganda leaflets on the populace proclaiming that the "Japanese army has driven out your wicked rulers and their wicked armies and will keep them out."[9]
  • Born: Dustin Hoffman, actor and director, in Los Angeles
  • Died: Jimmie Guthrie, 40, Scottish motorcycle racer (killed competing in the German motorcycle Grand Prix)

August 9, 1937 (Monday)

August 10, 1937 (Tuesday)

August 11, 1937 (Wednesday)

August 12, 1937 (Thursday)

  • The Spanish destroyer Churruca was torpedoed and damaged near Cartagena. The ship was able to limp into port but 3 crew were killed and 9 were injured.[12][16]
  • Died: Bakr Sidqi, 47, Iraqi nationalist and general (assassinated)

August 13, 1937 (Friday)

August 14, 1937 (Saturday)

August 15, 1937 (Sunday)

August 16, 1937 (Monday)

August 17, 1937 (Tuesday)

August 18, 1937 (Wednesday)

August 19, 1937 (Thursday)

  • Portugal severed diplomatic relations with Czechoslovakia over a broken armaments contract. Czechoslovakia broke the contract because it suspected Portugal of funnelling the arms to the Nationalists in Spain.[24]
  • Nazi Germany restricted Jewish booksellers to only selling books by Jewish authors to Jewish customers.[25]
  • Died: Ikki Kita, 54, Japanese author and philosopher

August 20, 1937 (Friday)

  • In Shanghai, an anti-aircraft shell landed on the deck of the heavy cruiser USS Augusta and exploded, killing 1 American sailor and wounding 18.[26]
  • Born: Jim Bowen, comedian and television personality, in Heswall, England; Jean-Louis Petit, composer, conductor and organist, in France

August 21, 1937 (Saturday)

August 22, 1937 (Sunday)

August 23, 1937 (Monday)

August 24, 1937 (Tuesday)

August 25, 1937 (Wednesday)

August 26, 1937 (Thursday)

August 27, 1937 (Friday)

August 28, 1937 (Saturday)

August 29, 1937 (Sunday)

  • Britain sent a sharp note of protest to the Japanese government demanding a formal apology for the wounding of their ambassador.[35]
  • Born: James Florio, 49th Governor of New Jersey, in Brooklyn, New York

August 30, 1937 (Monday)

August 31, 1937 (Tuesday)

References

  1. "World Zionists Will Discuss Palestine Split". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 2, 1937. p. 16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "August 3, 1937". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 O'Connell, Daniel Patrick (1975). The Influence of Law on Sea Power. Manchester University Press. p. 119. ISBN 9780719006159.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Segrave, Kerry (2004). Product Placement in Hollywood Films. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 64–67. ISBN 9780786481637.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Hirohito's Uncle to Command Troops in China". The Daily Chronicles of World War II. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Frankie Frisch 1937 Batting Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Tageseinträge für 6. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Powell, John (August 8, 1937). "Japan Abandons Concession in City of Hankow". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Japan Seizes Peiping; 3,000 Troops March In". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 9, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Brewer, Sam (August 10, 1937). "Nazis Hit Back at Britain; Oust Veteran News Writer". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 Holston, Kim R. (2013). Movie Roadshows: A History and Filmography of Reserved-Seat Limited Showings, 1911–1973. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-7864-6062-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Torpedo Sinks Spanish Vessel; Blame Italians". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 13, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "August 10, 1937". PlaneCrashInfo. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 Tucker, Spencer C. (2010). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC. p. 1873. ISBN 9781851096725.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Tageseinträge für 11. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Destructores". KBismarck.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Tageseinträge für 14. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. 18.0 18.1 "1937". MusicAndHistory. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Tageseinträge für 16. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "France Protests Air Raid". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 17, 1937. p. 2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Manly, Chesly (August 18, 1937). "Black Goes on Court, 63-16". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Tageseinträge für 18. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. "1937". GraumansChinese.org. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Darrah, David (August 20, 1937). "Lisbon Blames Arms Rift with Czechs on Reds". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Tageseinträge für 19. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Shell Hits U. S. Warship; Sailor Killed, 18 Hurt". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 21, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Rebels Seize City in March on Santander". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 22, 1937. p. 4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Victorious Rebel Legion Marches into Santander". Chicago Daily Tribune. August 26, 1937. p. 4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Tageseinträge für 26. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Cortada, James W., ed. (1982). Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 509. ISBN 0-313-22054-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Boyle, John Hunter (1972). China and Japan at War, 1937–1945: The Politics of Collaboration. Stanford University Press. p. 129. ISBN 9780804708005.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. Salvadó, Francisco J. Romero (2013). Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Civil War. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 214. ISBN 9780810880092.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "Ship with War Cargo From U. S. Sunk off Spain". Chicago Daily Tribune. March 9, 1937. p. 346.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 484. ISBN 9-780582-039193.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Darrah, David (August 30, 1937). "British Note Flays Japan". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. Lane, French (August 31, 1937). "Louis Wins, but Farr Fights All the Way". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. "Torpedoes Sink Russian Vessel; Crew of 30 Saved". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 1, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "Tageseinträge für 30. August 1937". chroniknet. Retrieved September 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. "Miss Bankhead Flies Home and Marries Actor". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 1, 1937. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>