Augustus Gabriel de Vivier Tassin

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Augustus Gabriel de Vivier Tassin (1842–1893) was a French-born American soldier who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. After the war he occupied a variety of posts in the American West. He made notable contributions in writing descriptive accounts of several Native American groups.[1]

Life and career

Tassin was born in Paris, France, on October 12, 1842 but immigrated to the United States, at New Orleans Louisiana, on October 25, 1852.[2] When the Civil War broke out, he was living in Leopold, Indiana. He enlisted as a First lieutenant in the 35th Indiana Infantry Regiment on September 15, 1861. During the war he rose to the rank of full Colonel, with distinguished service in the Battle of Missionary Ridge in Tennessee and the campaigns for Atlanta and Nashville. In December 1870, he voluntarily left the American army in order to serve with the French military during the Franco-Prussian War. When he returned, Tassin reenlisted, rising from the rank of Private to Second lieutenant, First lieutenant, and Captain. He was assigned to various military posts in California, Arizona Territory, and the Dakotas, as well as in New York, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.. He was the Indian agent at the Colorado River Indian Agency in Parker, Arizona, when he died on October 19, 1893.

Writings

Tassin wrote descriptive and sometimes literary or whimsical accounts based on his army experiences in the American West. Most of these accounts were published as articles in the periodical Overland Monthly. They included discussions of the Koncow (Maidu) Indians of northeastern California,[3][4] the Round Valley Indians of northwestern California,[5][6] the Mohave on the lower Colorado River,[1][7][8][9] native groups in the Pacific Northwest,[10] and the Apache.[11][12]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Schaefer, Jerry, and Don Laylander. 2014. A. G. Tassin's 1877 Manuscript Account of the Mohave Indians. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 34(1):61-79.
  2. National Archives and Records Administration; Washington, D.C.; Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1820-1902; National Archives Microfilm Publication: M259; Roll #: 36.
  3. Tassin, Augustus G. 1884. The Con-Cow Indians. Overland Monthly 4:7-14.
  4. Tassin, Augustus G. 1884. "Unkoito the Savior": A Legend of the Con-Cow Indians. Overland Monthly 4:141-150.
  5. Tassin, Augustus G. 1887. Chronicles of Camp Wright. Overland Monthly 10:24-32, 169-186, 259-271, 365-377, 479-497.
  6. Tassin, Augustus G. 1888. Haunted. Overland Monthly 11:374-386.
  7. Tassin, Augustus G. 1888. A Question of Will-Power. Overland Monthly 12:304-316.
  8. Tassin, Augustus G. 1888. Was It a Coincidence? Overland Monthly 12:628-639.
  9. Tassin, Augustus G. 1889. Noltché. Overland Monthly 13:353-363.
  10. Tassin, Augustus G. 1889. Lord John. Overland Monthly 13:485-499.
  11. Tassin, Augustus G. 1889. Reminiscences of Indian Scouting. Overland Monthly 14:151-169.
  12. Tassin, Augustus G. 1889. Among the Apaches. Overland Monthly 14:311-322, 374-379.