Australaves

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Australavians
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 66–0 Ma
File:Common kestrel falco tinnunculus.jpg
Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Telluraves
Clade: Australaves
Ericson, 2012
Clades

Australaves[1] is a recently defined[2] clade of birds, consisting of the Eufalconimorphae (passerines, parrots and falcons) as well as the Cariamiformes (including seriamas and the extinct "terror birds").[3] They appear to be the sister group of Afroaves.[3] As in the case of Afroaves, the most basal clades are predatory, suggesting this was the ancestral lifestyle.[4]

Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas, terror birds etc.)Seriema (Cariama cristata) white background.jpgPhorusrhacid skeleton white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034) white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9 white background.jpg



Passeriformes (songbirds, crows & kin)Gorrion alfeizar Habana white background.jpg





Cladogram of Australaves relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014).[4]

References

  1. Kimball RT, Wang N, Heimer-McGinn V, Ferguson C, Braun EL (2013). "Identifying localized biases in large datasets: A case study using the Avian Tree of Life.". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 69: 1021–1032. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.029. 
  2. Ericson, P. G. (2012). "Evolution of terrestrial birds in three continents: biogeography and parallel radiations" (PDF). Journal of Biogeography. 39 (5): 813–824. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02650.x. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Naish, D. (2012). "Birds." Pp. 379-423 in Brett-Surman, M.K., Holtz, T.R., and Farlow, J. O. (eds.), The Complete Dinosaur (Second Edition). Indiana University Press (Bloomington & Indianapolis).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; Li, B.; Houde, P.; Li, C.; Ho, S. Y. W.; Faircloth, B. C.; Nabholz, B.; Howard, J. T.; Suh, A.; Weber, C. C.; Da Fonseca, R. R.; Li, J.; Zhang, F.; Li, H.; Zhou, L.; Narula, N.; Liu, L.; Ganapathy, G.; Boussau, B.; Bayzid, M. S.; Zavidovych, V.; Subramanian, S.; Gabaldon, T.; Capella-Gutierrez, S.; Huerta-Cepas, J.; Rekepalli, B.; Munch, K.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds" (PDF). Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. PMID 25504713. doi:10.1126/science.1253451.