Authenticity and Development Front

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Authenticity and Development Front
Arabic: Asala wa-al-Tanmiya[1]
Participant in Syrian Civil War
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Active November 2012 – present[2]
Ideology Moderate Islamism[3]
Madkhalism[4]
Groups
Leaders Khalid Al Hamad [1]
Area of operations Aleppo Governorate[1]
Rif Dimashq Governorate[5]
Damascus Governorate[6]
Homs Governorate[7]
Strength 13,000 (in 2013)[2]
Part of Free Syrian Army
Mujahideen Shura Council[8]
Syrian Revolutionary Command Council[9]
Levant Front(former)[10][3]
Fatah Halab[11]
Houla Operations Room[12]
Allies
Opponents

The Authenticity and Development Front (Asala wa-al-Tanmiya) is a US-backed alliance of rebel groups that have been active during the Syrian Civil War, and includes Islamists, military defectors, and civilian rebels.[3][4] The Authenticity and Development Front is funded by Saudi Arabia.[14] Although the alliance uses FSA flags and symbols, it doesn't identify itself as part of the Free Syrian Army.[15] One of the groups that was involved is the Harakat Nour al-Din al-Zenki, which was also part of the Army of Mujahedeen,[3] though the Army of Mujahedeen announced on 4 May 2014 that the Nour al-Din al-Zanki Islamic Brigades had withdrawn from the coalition.[16] Another group involved in the coalition is the Ahl al-Athar Brigade.[2] The Authenticity and Development Front operated American-made BGM-71 TOW weapons captured from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[17]

Member groups

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The Non-State Militant Landscape in Syria". Combating Terrorism Center. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Sinjab, Lina (17 October 2013). "Syria crisis: Guide to armed and political opposition". BBC. Retrieved 19 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "The Mujahedeen Army of Aleppo". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Levant Front: Can Aleppo's Rebels Unite?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "ثوار القلمون يطردون تنظيم "الدولة" من مناطق جديدة". الدرر الشامية.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "The Syrian Rebellion Observatory". The Syrian Rebellion Observatory. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Syria Direct: News Update 4-20-15". Retrieved 20 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "New Syrian jihadist body formed to fight ISIS". Al Monitor. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "The Revolutionary Command Council: Rebel Unity in Syria?". Carnegie Endowment of International Peace. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aI3yAmNGW1vLpJCOrhiVLqpUUIX9PG1RNsCqJGGfhxI/edit
  11. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CHz9sulUkAAj9pT.png:large
  12. "Homs, Houla, - Militant Announcement of a new "Houla Operations Room" Including atleast [sic] 14 Groups which will be Led by Colonel Mohamed Al-Mohammad "Aims to raise military coordination in the Houla Area."". Reddit.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria: a Cold War in Raqqa". Damascus Bureau. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 "The Fighting in Abu Kamal (Albukamal): Background and Analysis". Brown Moses Blog. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 9 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "The Factions of Abu Kamal". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Jeish al-Mujahideen Charter – Comment and Translation". Goha's Nail. 4 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Green lemon". Twitter.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "PHOTO: Announcement of New Syrian Army, will fight under SDF, will be able to call in airstrikes". Twitter.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "A group called the "New Syrian Army" has been declared, affiliated with Authenticity and Development Front and boasts lots of American equipment". Reddit.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. https://www.reddit.com/r/syriancivilwar/comments/4cbddf/jaish_altawhid_in_northern_homs_fully_merge_with/

External links