Ayaz Mutallibov

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Ayaz Mutallibov
Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg
At the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, 1992.
President of Azerbaijan
In office
August 30, 1991 – March 6, 1992
Succeeded by Yaqub Mammadov
In office
May 14, 1992 – May 18, 1992
Preceded by Yaqub Mammadov
Succeeded by Isa Gambar
Full member of the 28th Politburo
In office
14 July 1990 – 29 August 1991
Personal details
Born Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutallibov
(1938-05-12) May 12, 1938 (age 84)
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Tat
Political party Azerbaijan Communist Party,
Social Democratic Party (Azerbaijan)
Spouse(s) Adila Mutallibova
Children 2
Religion Shia Islam

Ayaz Niyazi oglu Mutallibov (Azerbaijani: Ayaz Niyazi oğlu Mütəllibov, Russian: Аяз Ниязoвич Муталибов, born 12 May, 1938, Baku) was the last leader of Soviet Azerbaijan, and the first President of independent Azerbaijan from October 1991 till May 1992.


Ayaz Mütallibov was born on May 12, 1938 in Baku to the family of a physician and later World War II veteran, Niyazi Aṣraf oğlu Mütallibov, and gynaecologist Kubra Mütallibova (died in 1988).

In 1956, Ayaz Mütallibov graduated from the secondary school #189 in Baku. During his youth he was fond of the music of Elvis Presley's and The Beatles. He was the member of the school volleyball team. In 1962, Mütallibov graduated from the Azerbaijan State Institute of Petroleum and Chemistry. In 1964, Mütallibov became the director of the Baku Refrigerator Factory, and in 1974, he was appointed as the General Director of "BakElectroBytMash" State Industrial Company.

Political career

  • 1982 — appointed as the Chairman of the State Planning Committee of Azerbaijan SSR and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR.
  • January 1989 — appointed as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Azerbaijan SSR.
  • December 1990 - at Mütallibov's initiative, the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan SSR officially renames the country to Azerbaijan Republic and adopts the Declaration of Sovereignty
  • March 17, 1991 - under pressure from Mütallibov, the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan votes for participation of Azerbaijan in the referendum on the fate of Soviet Union
  • September, 1991 — Mütallibov dissolves the Communist Party of Azerbaijan and proposes constitutional changes for direct nationwide elections of president.
  • September 8, 1991. Mütallibov elected a president in a single-candidate nationwide election.
  • October 18, 1991 - Supreme Council of Azerbaijan adopts the Declaration of Independence of Azerbaijan
  • December, 1991 - In a nationwide referendum, Azerbaijani voters approve the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Supreme Council; Soviet Union is dissolved, Azerbaijan is recognized as independent state by Turkey, Israel, Romania and Pakistan.
  • February 25, 1992 - Armenian forces with support of Russia's 366th Motor Rifle Regiment took control of Khojaly; fleeing residents become victims of the Khojaly Massacre.


Ayaz Mütallibov has been in exile in Moscow since 1992.

  • 1994 Mütallibov publishes a book called "Karabakh — Black Garden" in Moscow.
  • April 2000 — Mütallibov's followers in Baku declare the formation of the new Civil Union Party
  • July 2012 - Mütallibov returns from exile allowed by President Ilham Aliyev.

Family and personal life

Mütallibov is married to Adila Mütallibova, has two sons, or rather had, Azad and Zaur, grandson Tahir and granddaughter Madina. His son Azad died of cancer on August 9, 2011 leaving only Zaur. [1] Mutallibov arrived to Baku to attend his son’s funeral. It was his first visit to country after 1992.


See also

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Abdulrahman Vezirov
First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
President of Azerbaijan
October 30, 1991–March 6, 1992
Succeeded by
Yaqub Mammadov
Preceded by
Yaqub Mammadov
President of Azerbaijan
May 14, 1992–May 18, 1992
Succeeded by
İsa Qambar