Ba'ath Brigades

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Ba'ath Brigades
كتائب البعث
Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Baath Battalions SSI.svg
Ba'ath Brigades SSI and Insignia
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg

Ba'ath Brigades Flag
Active Summer 2012 – present[1]
Ideology Syrian nationalism, Ba'athism, Secularism.
Leaders Mohammed Khaddour[2]
Headquarters Aleppo
Area of operations Syria
Strength 7,000 claimed (December 2013)[4]
Allies 23x15px Syrian Armed Forces
23x15px National Defense Force
Opponents Free Syrian Army
Islamic Front
al-Nusra Front
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles and wars Syrian Civil War

The Ba'ath Brigades (Arabic: كتائب البعث‎‎ Katā'ib al-Baʿth), also known as the Ba'ath Battalions, are a volunteer militia made up of Syrian Ba'ath Party members, almost entirely Sunni Muslims, loyal to the Syrian Government of Bashar al-Assad.[5] It was set up in Aleppo under the command of Hilal Hilal, the current Assistant Regional Secretary, after rebels took most of the eastern half of Aleppo in summer 2012. Initially, the Ba'ath Brigades were used to guard government buildings and other key installations in the city, but their role has expanded as their strength has grown from 5,000 members in November 2012 to 7,000 in December 2013.[1][6] Units have since also formed in Latakia and Tartus. At the end of 2013, the Brigades began deploying in Damascus, tasked with manning checkpoints and conducting "light logistical operations".[4] They spearheaded the assault on the Old City of Aleppo in early 2014.[5]


The Ba'ath Battalions participated in lifting the three-year siege at Kuweires military airbase alongside the elite Cheetah Forces, and National Defence Forces.[7]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Aron Lund (13 January 2014). "The Baath Battalions Move Into Damascus". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 15 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Veteran Baath members establish pro-Assad militia to fight opposition". ARA News. Retrieved 19 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. The New Druze Militia Factions of Suwayda Province
  4. 4.0 4.1 كتائب البعث» إلى شوارع دمشق» (in العربية). Al Akhbar. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Edward Dark (14 March 2014). "Pro-regime Sunni fighters in Aleppo defy sectarian narrative". Al Monitor. Retrieved 20 March 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Edward Dark (20 November 2013). "Syrian Baath militia commander goes rags-to-riches". Al Monitor. Retrieved 7 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Leith Fadel (10 November 2015). "Cheetah Forces Lift the Three Year Long Siege of the Kuweires Military Airbase". Al-Masdar News. Retrieved 10 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>