Bahnhof

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Bahnhof AB
Aktiebolag
Genre Internet service provider
Founded 1994 (1994)
Founder Oscar Swartz
Headquarters Kista, Sweden
Key people
Jon Karlung (CEO)
Andreas Norman (COB)
Products Internet service provider
Revenue 237,164,000 SEK (2010)[1][2]
Number of employees
122[1]
Website www.bahnhof.se
www.bahnhof.net
Primary ASN 8473
Peering policy Selective
Traffic Levels 100 Gbps

Bahnhof is a Swedish Internet service provider (ISP) founded in 1994 by Oscar Swartz in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the country's first independent ISP. Today the company is represented in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Uppsala, Borlänge, and Lund.

WikiLeaks is currently hosted in a Bahnhof data center inside the ultra-secure bunker Pionen, which is buried inside the White Mountains in Stockholm.[3][4][5]

History

Bahnhof was founded in 1994 by Oscar Swartz. It was one of Sweden's first ISPs.[6] The company is publicly traded since December 2007 under the name BAHN-B (Aktietorget).[7] On 11 September 2008, Bahnhof opened a new computer center inside the former civil defence center Pionen in the White Mountains in Stockholm, Sweden.[8][9]

Controversies

On 10 March 2005, the Swedish police confiscated four servers placed in the Bahnhof premises, hoping to find copyrighted material. Although these servers were located near Bahnhof's server park (in a network lab area) the company claimed they were not their property since they had been privately purchased by staff. They further presented evidence showing the material on these servers had been planted there by someone hired by Svenska Antipiratbyrån, a Swedish organisation fighting against copyright infringement.[10]

In 2009, Bahnhof generated controversy by failing to store the IP addresses of customers, in order to defeat the Swedish government's new laws on illegal file-sharing, transposing the EU IPRED regulations, which enabled ISPs to retain data longer than the data protection regulations would allow, in order for them to be available on police request."ISP sabotages file sharing law". The Local. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

After the whistleblowing website WikiLeaks was kicked off of Amazon Web Services in December 2010, it bought server space from Bahnhof, as its chairman Jon Karlung revealed in press interviews after in the light of the new controversy created by the leaks about the War in Afghanistan (2001–14), even showing journalists the two servers on which the data was held. The chairman said that WikiLeaks is treated like any other of Bahnhof's clients.

In April 2014, however, the CJEU struck down the Data Retention Directive. PTS, Sweden's telecommunications regulator, told Swedish ISPs and telcos that they would no longer have to retain call records and internet metadata.[11] But after two government investigations found that Sweden's data retention law did not break its obligations to the European Convention on Human Rights, the PTS reversed course.[12] Most of Sweden's major telecommunications companies complied immediately, though Tele2 lodged an unsuccessful appeal. Bahnhof was the one holdout and it was given an order to comply by November 24 deadline or face a five million kronor ($680,000) fine.[13] In response Bahnhof offered all their customers a free VPN-service, thus making it impossible for Bahnhof to hand over customer data to law enforcement.[14]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Bahnhof AB". CorporateInformation. Retrieved 18 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Bokslutskommuniké: 2010" (PDF) (in Swedish). Bahnhof AB. 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Baltzer, Harald (30 August 2010). "Wikileaks flyttar till "kärnvapensäker" anläggning" (in Swedish). IDG Sweden. Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "WikiLeaks' new home is in a former bomb shelter". Los Angeles Times. 2 December 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "About us". Hostinator. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Goldberg, Daniel (15 April 2010). "Jon Karlung kliver av" (in Swedish). IDG Sweden. Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Årsredovisning för räkenskapsåret 2007" (PDF) (in Swedish). Bahnhof AB. 2008. p. 2. Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Larsson, Linus (9 December 2008). "Serversafari 30 meter under jorden" (in Swedish). IDG Sweden. Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Hammar, Ian (10 September 2008). "Bahnhof spränger Vita bergen". Realtid.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Olsson, Caroline (22 March 2005). "Antipiratbyrån anklagas för piratverksamhet". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 March 2011. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Essers, Loek (11 April 2014). "Sweden won't enforce data retention law against ISP that deleted metadata". PCWorld.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Tung, Liam (29 October 2014). "Swedish data retention back in full swing minus one ISP". ZDNet.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Meyer, David (29 October 2014). "Swedish ISP Bahnhof threatened with fine for not storing customer data for law enforcement". GigaOm.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Bahnhof aktiverar "plan B": erbjuder fri anonymisering" (in Swedish). Bahnhof AB. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2015. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links