Bajo sexto

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Bajo sexto.
File:Jose Guadalupe Guzman.jpg
José Guadalupe Guzmán playing the bajo sexto.

Bajo sexto (Spanish: "sixth bass") is a Mexican string instrument with 12 strings in 6 double courses, while bajo quinto has 10 strings in 5 double courses.

Although of southern Mexican origin, these instruments are used primarily in norteño music of northern Mexico and across the border in the music of south Texas known as "Tex-Mex", "conjunto", or "música mexicana-tejana".

The bajo sexto sound provides a strong rhythm in the lower pitched end of a Conjunto band and also provides a strong projection of chord changes across songs.

Bajo sextos are traditionally tuned in fourths, what an anglophone guitarist would call all fourths tuning: E, A, D, G, C, F (from lowest to highest string).

Bajo sexto derives from the bajo quinto. Bajo quintos are tuned the same: A, D, G, C, F (as above). [1]

The manufacture of bajo quinto and sexto reached a peak in quality and popularity in the 19th century, in the states of Chihuahua, Jalisco, Sinaloa, Nuevo León and Zacatecas.[2]

File:Up Close of Bajo Quinto.jpg
Close-up of bajo quinto


  1. The Stringed Instrument Database
  2. Bajos de espiga. Diccionario de la Música Española e Hispanoamericana. Sociedad General de Autores y Editores. Madrid (2002). ISBN 978-84-8048-303-2

External links