Battle of Bạch Đằng (981)

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Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found. The Battle of Bach Dang was a military conflict between the Song dynasty of China and the Former Le dynasty of Vietnam at the Bach Dang River in 981.


The Dinh dynasty of Dai Co Viet (present-day north Vietnam) had successfully sought out and developed diplomatic relations with the Song dynasty of China.[1] In 979, Emperor Dinh Bo-linh (also known as Dinh Tien-hoang) and his heir Dinh Lien were assassinated by Do Thich, so Dinh Tue (Dinh Bo-linh's infant son) succeeded the throne.[1] By 980, however, General Le Hoan had seized the de facto power over the young ruler.[1] The Song dynasty of China was inclined to sent their military forces to restore the throne to the Dinh dynasty.[1] The threat of a Chinese intervention caused the Dinh court officials to worry about the survival of their independence, so the officials urged Le Hoan to become emperor and establish a stable government.[1]


Le Hoan ascended the throne as Dai-hanh of the Former Le dynasty.[1] Almost immediately afterwards in 981, the Song sent two armies across the northern border and a naval force over the Bach Dang River.[1] Former Le naval forces engaged the Song naval force at the river, but the former were outnumbered, defeated, and forced to withdraw.[1] Nevertheless, the Song overland advance came to a standstill while crossing Chi-lang (near Lang-son) when two Song generals were captured during an ambush, so the Song naval force couldn't advance further inland and withdrew.[1] Le Dai-hanh, realizing that he couldn't resist the Song in the long term, returned the two Song generals and made the request to be a tributary under Song suzerainty, which the Song imperial court accepted, thus securing his state from further northern threats.[1]

See also


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