Battle of Erzurum (1821)

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Battle of Erzurum
Part of the Ottoman–Persian War (1821–1823)
Date 1821
Location Erzurum, now in Turkey
Result Persian victory[1]
Turkey Ottoman Empire Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Turkey Mahmud II Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Abbas Mirza
50,000 soldiers 30,000 soldiers

The Battle of Erzurum occurred in 1821 as part of the Ottoman-Persian War of 1821-1823. The Persians, led by crown prince Abbas Mirza himself scored a crushing defeat over their Ottoman arch rivals near Erzurum, securing a Persian victory.

The Persians were heavily outnumbered with 30,000 men, led by Crown Prince Abbas Mirza, against the Turks with 50,000 men. However, the Persian army had recently been undergoing new modernisations according to the most up to date European models, with leadership of Abbas Mirza's brother, Dowlatshah, as part of the modernising policy known as Nezām-e Jadīd.


  1. R. Ernest Dupuy and Trevor N. Dupuy, The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History, 4th edition, (HarperCollins Publishers, 1993), 853.
  • Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East, Volume 4, Page 301-302.