Battle of Mingolsheim

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Memorial plate of the Battle of Mingolsheim
Battle of Mingolsheim
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Battlefield in Mingolsheim / Bad Schönborn.
Date 27 April 1622
Location Mingolsheim, 22 km (14 mi) south of Heidelberg
Result Protestant tactical victory; strategic Catholic success (Tilly joins Córdoba)
Protestant German States  Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League (Germany).svg Catholic League
Commanders and leaders
Ernst von Mansfeld
Georg Friedrich of Baden-Durlach
Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly
12,000 28,000
Casualties and losses
300-800 2,000

The Battle of Mingolsheim (German: Schlacht bei Mingolsheim) was fought on 27 April 1622, near the German village of Wiesloch, 14 miles south of Heidelberg (and 5 miles south of Wiesloch), between a Protestant army under General von Mansfeld and the Margrave of Baden-Durlach against a Roman Catholic army under Count Tilly.

Early in the spring of 1621, a mercenary force under the command of Georg Friedrich, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, crossed the Rhine River from Alsace to junction with a force under Ernst von Mansfeld. Combined, the armies aimed to prevent a link-up between Count Tilly and Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, arriving with an army 20,000 strong from the Spanish Netherlands under orders from General Ambrosio Spinola. Tilly met the Protestant army at its rear guard and drove upon it. This attack was successful until he engaged the main Protestant body, and was then rebuffed. Tilly retreated and bypassed the stationary Protestant army to link up with de Córdoba later that month. After the battle, Mansfeld found himself at a distinct disadvantage until the armies of Christian of Brunswick could arrive from the north. The two armies would engage later in the month at the Battle of Wimpfen.

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