Battle of Urmia (1604)

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Battle of Urmia
Part of the Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–1618)
Battle of Urumiyeh 001.jpg
1 Allahvardi Khan charges his cavalry at the Ottoman army and assails their flanks aggressively
2 The Ottomans attack and Allahvardi feigns retreat, encouraging the Ottoman general to join the pursuit with a large part of his army
3 Abbas signals his hidden army to march over the hill and fall upon the Ottomans pursuing Allahvardi's forces which turn round and catch the Ottomans in a pincer
4 Another contingent of the hidden Persian troops marches against the now weakened Ottoman line defending their camp and easily overcomes them
5 Subsequently a portion of the aforementioned group return to seal off the Ottomans in a pocket, killing and imprisoning almost all locked into the trap
Date 1604
Location Urmia
Result Decisive Persian victory
Persian recovery of western Persia and capture of Armenia and Georgia
Safavid Empire Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Shah Abbas I
Allahverdi Khan
Ottoman Empire Cağaloğlu Yusuf Sinan Pasha
Ottoman Empire Kuseh Safar Executed
~60,000[citation needed] ~100,000[citation needed]
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Urmia (or, Urumiyeh) was fought near Lake Urmia in north-western Persia between the Safavid and Ottoman empires and resulted in a decisive Persian victory. The Ottomans were fooled into an ambush where many of them were killed or captured in an encirclement manoeuvre. Over the next three years all of western and northern Persia was recaptured and the Safavids even re-established their suzerainty over their former vassals in the Caucasus.