Battus polydamas

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Battus polydamas
File:0 - Nymphalidae - Battus polydamas-1.JPG
File:Gold rim swallowtail (Battus polydamas jamaicensis) underside worn 2.JPG
Battus polydamas jamaicensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Tribe: Troidini
Genus: Battus
Species: B. polydamas
Binomial name
Battus polydamas
(Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Papilio polydamas L.

The Gold Rim Swallowtail or Polydamas Swallowtail (Battus polydamas) is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae.


The wingspan is 90–120 mm without the tail. The upperside of the wings is black with a broad submarginal band formed by large yellow spots. The undersides of the forewings have the same pattern, while the hind wings have a submarginal row of red lunules. This butterfly flies from April to November in three generations in the north of its range, throughout the year in several generations in the tropics. The larvae feed on Aristolochia species.


It is found in the Neotropic ecozone of North America and South America, and the southernmost parts of the North American Nearctic ecozone in Mexico.[1]


Battus polydamas is mainly present in open woods and in abandoned fields and areas.



  • Battus polydamas polydamas (Tropical South America)
  • Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Antigua.
  • Battus polydamas atahualpa Racheli & Pischedda, 1987; Peru.
  • Battus polydamas cebriones (Dalman, 1823);
  • Battus polydamas christopheranus (Hall, 1936).
  • Battus polydamas cubensis (Dufrane, 1946); Cuba.
  • Battus polydamas dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Dominica.
  • Battus polydamas grenadensis (Hall, 1930)
  • Battus polydamas jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Jamaica.
  • Battus polydamas lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Bahamas.
  • Battus polydamas lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) St. Lucia
  • Battus polydamas neodamas (Lucas, 1852); Guadeloupe.
  • Battus polydamas peruanus (Fuchs, 1954); Peru.
  • Battus polydamas polycrates (Hopffer, 1865); Haïti, Dominican Republic.
  • Battus polydamas psittacus (Molina, 1782); Argentina.
  • Battus polydamas renani Lamas, 1998; Peru.
  • Battus polydamas streckerianus (Honrath, 1884); Peru.
  • Battus polydamas thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906); Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.
  • Battus polydamas vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)
  • Battus polydamas xenodamas (Hübner, 1825) Martinique[2]
  • Battus polydamas weyrauchi Lamas, 1998; Peru.[1]


  • Mathew, G. F. (1877). Life history of Papilio archidamas Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 14(163):152-153.
  • F. Martin Brown and Bernard Heineman, Jamaica and its Butterflies (E. W. Classey, London 1972), plate VIII
  • Smart, Paul (1976). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World in Color. London, Salamander: Encyclopedie des papillons. Lausanne, Elsevier Sequoia (French language edition) ISBN 9780948427046 ISBN 0600313816 page 159 fig.19 as B. archidamas Bsdv., underside (Chile), fig. 17 as polydamas (Mexico).

See also

External links