Beaconsfield Film Studios
Beaconsfield Film Studios is a British TV and film studio in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. The studios were operational as a production site for films from the 1922 and continued producing films - and, later, TV shows - until the 1960s. Britain's first talking movie was recorded there, as were films starring British actors Peter Sellers and John Mills. From 1971 onwards it has been the home of an internationally recognised postgraduate school for film and TV production, famous as the birthplace of animated characters Wallace and Gromit.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Life as a studio (1922 - 1970)
- 1.2 Independent Artists Studios
- 1.3 Life as a film school (1971 onwards)
- 1.4 Recent expansion
- 2 References
- 3 Bibliography
Life as a studio (1922 - 1970)
Construction and early years
Construction began on the studio in 1921. The producer George Clark and the actor/director Guy Newall had been making films at a small studio on Ebury Street in Central London. They outgrew this and raised financing for a new, larger and more modern studio to be built in Beaconsfield.
The studio opened in 1922, and Clark and Newall made several films there such as Fox Farm. They also leased it out to independent companies to make films. The whole industry was badly hit by the Slump of 1924, and filmmaking at Beaconsfield ceased almost entirely. Clark and Newall later sold the studios to the British Lion Film Corporation.
British Lion Studios
In the late 1920s, British Lion took over the studios producing a number of Edgar Wallace adaptations. Following the conversion to sound films in the 1920s, the company largely concentrated on making quota quickies with the occasional higher-budget film.
Crown Film Unit
Following the outbreak of World War II, the GPO Film Unit became the Crown Film Unit. The Crown Film Unit was based at Beaconsfield Film Studios. Fifty-one productions are credited to the Crown Film Unit between 1940 and 1952 - when it was disbanded - although it is not known how many were actually filmed at Beaconsfield Film Studios.
Independent Artists Studios
After the Crown Film Unit was disbanded, the studios was known as Independent Artists Studios between 1958 and 1964, when it was run by the film production company Independent Artists (Production) Ltd., formed by Julian Wintle. Independent Artists made several films in these studios, including:
Several other films and TV shows are confirmed by IMDB as having been produced in the studios by other film production companies during that time:
- The Vicious Circle (1957 film, starring John Mills)
- The Battle of the Sexes (1959 film, starring Peter Sellers)
- Ghost Squad (TV series, 1961–1964)
- The Human Jungle (first series, 1963)
It is likely that the production company 'Beaconsfield Productions', credited as producing The Vicious Circle, filmed other titles at IAS. IMDB lists a further sixteen productions credited to Beaconsfield Productions in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Life as a film school (1971 onwards)
The National Film School (NFS)
The NFS was created in 1970 and in 1971 bought the studios to be its home, thanks to a loan from the Rank Organisation, producers of the Carry On film series and owners at the time of the nearby Pinewood Studios.
The National Film and Television School (NFTS)
It was renamed the National Film and Television School (NFTS) in 1982. The first Wallace and Gromit film, A Grand Day Out was started by Oscar winning director Nick Park whilst he was a student at NFTS, and like all works created at the school, the film is credited as being the copyright of NFTS.
NFTS students still use the original 1930s sound stage and 1960s TV studio building. To modernise and expand the teaching and administrative space, the NFTS commissioned Glen Howells Architects to design a three storey building (see photo). Upon its completion in 2008 it won a RIBA prize. In June 2009 it was formally named The Oswald Morris Building in honour of veteran cinematographer Ossie Morris.
- Warren p.11
- "History". NFTS History. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- BFI Film & TV Database: Independent Artists Studios Retrieved 2012-09-08
- BFI Film & TV Database: Independent Artists Retrieved 2012-09-08
- "Productions filmed at Independent Artists Studios, Beaconsfield". IMDB. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "RIBA Awards 2008". RIBA.org. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Warren, Patricia. British Film Studios: An Illustrated History. Batsford, 2001.